"hnakkô" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See hnakkô in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈxnɑk.kɔːː/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *knog-, *kneg- (“back of the head, nape, neck”), from *ken- (“to press, pinch, buckle, kink”). Kroonen reconstructs an etymon Proto-Indo-European *knékō, which he connects with Tocharian A kñuk (“neck”). German Hunke (“hillock”) might retain a trace of the original genitive. Compare Proto-Celtic *knukkos (“protuberance; hill”), which Kroonen suggests is borrowed from Germanic. Compare also the suffix *-kô, found in names of several other body parts. Etymology templates: {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*knog-}} Proto-Indo-European *knog-, {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*knékō}} Proto-Indo-European *knékō, {{cog|xto|kñuk|t=neck}} Tocharian A kñuk (“neck”), {{cog|de|Hunke||hillock}} German Hunke (“hillock”), {{cog|cel-pro|*knukkos||protuberance; hill}} Proto-Celtic *knukkos (“protuberance; hill”), {{af|gem-pro|*-kô}} *-kô Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun|g=m}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], hnakkô [nominative, singular], hnakkaniz [nominative, plural], hnakkô [singular, vocative], hnakkaniz [plural, vocative], hnakkanų [accusative, singular], hnakkanunz [accusative, plural], hnakkiniz [genitive, singular], hnakkanǫ̂ [genitive, plural], hnakkini [dative, singular], hnakkammaz [dative, plural], hnakkinē [instrumental, singular], hnakkammiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. (anatomy) the back of the neck; nape Wikipedia link: Brill Publishers Tags: masculine, reconstruction Related terms: hnakkaz
    Sense id: en-hnakkô-gem-pro-noun-es~lcpfn Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header, Proto-Germanic terms suffixed with *-kô Topics: anatomy, medicine, sciences

Download JSON data for hnakkô meaning in Proto-Germanic (5.3kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*hnakkō"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *hnakkō, *hnekkō\nOld English: *hnæcca, hnecca\nMiddle English: nekke, nake, nec, necke, nek, neke; nhicke, nykke\nEnglish: neck\nScots: neck\nYola: neckarès (plural)\nOld Frisian: hnekka, nekke\nNorth Frisian: neek, neeke, Nak\nSaterland Frisian: Näcke, Näkke\nWest Frisian: nekke\nOld Saxon: *hnakko, *hnekko\nMiddle Low German: nacke, nëcke\nGerman Low German: Nacke, Nack\nLow German: nakke\nPlautdietsch: Jenekj (?)\nOld Dutch: *nakko, nekko\nMiddle Dutch: nacke, nac, necke, nack, neck, nick\nDutch: nek\nAfrikaans: nek\nLimburgish: nak\nOld High German: *hnahho, hnach-, hnacch-, hnac, nach, nac, nak\nMiddle High German: knac, nacke, nac\nGerman: Nacken\nVilamovian: naoka\nYiddish: נאַקן (nakn)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *hnakkō, *hnekkō\nOld English: *hnæcca, hnecca\nMiddle English: nekke, nake, nec, necke, nek, neke; nhicke, nykke\nEnglish: neck\nScots: neck\nYola: neckarès (plural)\nOld Frisian: hnekka, nekke\nNorth Frisian: neek, neeke, Nak\nSaterland Frisian: Näcke, Näkke\nWest Frisian: nekke\nOld Saxon: *hnakko, *hnekko\nMiddle Low German: nacke, nëcke\nGerman Low German: Nacke, Nack\nLow German: nakke\nPlautdietsch: Jenekj (?)\nOld Dutch: *nakko, nekko\nMiddle Dutch: nacke, nac, necke, nack, neck, nick\nDutch: nek\nAfrikaans: nek\nLimburgish: nak\nOld High German: *hnahho, hnach-, hnacch-, hnac, nach, nac, nak\nMiddle High German: knac, nacke, nac\nGerman: Nacken\nVilamovian: naoka\nYiddish: נאַקן (nakn)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "hnakki"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: hnakki\nIcelandic: hnakki\nFaroese: nakki\nNorwegian: nakke\nOld Swedish: nakke\nSwedish: nacke\nOld Danish: nakkæ\nDanish: nakke",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: hnakki\nIcelandic: hnakki\nFaroese: nakki\nNorwegian: nakke\nOld Swedish: nakke\nSwedish: nacke\nOld Danish: nakkæ\nDanish: nakke"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*knog-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *knog-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*knékō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *knékō",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "xto",
        "2": "kñuk",
        "t": "neck"
      },
      "expansion": "Tocharian A kñuk (“neck”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "Hunke",
        "3": "",
        "4": "hillock"
      },
      "expansion": "German Hunke (“hillock”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cel-pro",
        "2": "*knukkos",
        "3": "",
        "4": "protuberance; hill"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *knukkos (“protuberance; hill”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*-kô"
      },
      "expansion": "*-kô",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *knog-, *kneg- (“back of the head, nape, neck”), from *ken- (“to press, pinch, buckle, kink”).\nKroonen reconstructs an etymon Proto-Indo-European *knékō, which he connects with Tocharian A kñuk (“neck”). German Hunke (“hillock”) might retain a trace of the original genitive. Compare Proto-Celtic *knukkos (“protuberance; hill”), which Kroonen suggests is borrowed from Germanic.\nCompare also the suffix *-kô, found in names of several other body parts.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "an-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "m"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/hnakkô",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic terms suffixed with *-kô",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "the back of the neck; nape"
      ],
      "id": "en-hnakkô-gem-pro-noun-es~lcpfn",
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "neck",
          "neck"
        ],
        [
          "nape",
          "nape"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) the back of the neck; nape"
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "hnakkaz"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "wikipedia": [
        "Brill Publishers"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈxnɑk.kɔːː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "hnakkô"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*hnakkō"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *hnakkō, *hnekkō\nOld English: *hnæcca, hnecca\nMiddle English: nekke, nake, nec, necke, nek, neke; nhicke, nykke\nEnglish: neck\nScots: neck\nYola: neckarès (plural)\nOld Frisian: hnekka, nekke\nNorth Frisian: neek, neeke, Nak\nSaterland Frisian: Näcke, Näkke\nWest Frisian: nekke\nOld Saxon: *hnakko, *hnekko\nMiddle Low German: nacke, nëcke\nGerman Low German: Nacke, Nack\nLow German: nakke\nPlautdietsch: Jenekj (?)\nOld Dutch: *nakko, nekko\nMiddle Dutch: nacke, nac, necke, nack, neck, nick\nDutch: nek\nAfrikaans: nek\nLimburgish: nak\nOld High German: *hnahho, hnach-, hnacch-, hnac, nach, nac, nak\nMiddle High German: knac, nacke, nac\nGerman: Nacken\nVilamovian: naoka\nYiddish: נאַקן (nakn)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *hnakkō, *hnekkō\nOld English: *hnæcca, hnecca\nMiddle English: nekke, nake, nec, necke, nek, neke; nhicke, nykke\nEnglish: neck\nScots: neck\nYola: neckarès (plural)\nOld Frisian: hnekka, nekke\nNorth Frisian: neek, neeke, Nak\nSaterland Frisian: Näcke, Näkke\nWest Frisian: nekke\nOld Saxon: *hnakko, *hnekko\nMiddle Low German: nacke, nëcke\nGerman Low German: Nacke, Nack\nLow German: nakke\nPlautdietsch: Jenekj (?)\nOld Dutch: *nakko, nekko\nMiddle Dutch: nacke, nac, necke, nack, neck, nick\nDutch: nek\nAfrikaans: nek\nLimburgish: nak\nOld High German: *hnahho, hnach-, hnacch-, hnac, nach, nac, nak\nMiddle High German: knac, nacke, nac\nGerman: Nacken\nVilamovian: naoka\nYiddish: נאַקן (nakn)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "hnakki"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: hnakki\nIcelandic: hnakki\nFaroese: nakki\nNorwegian: nakke\nOld Swedish: nakke\nSwedish: nacke\nOld Danish: nakkæ\nDanish: nakke",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: hnakki\nIcelandic: hnakki\nFaroese: nakki\nNorwegian: nakke\nOld Swedish: nakke\nSwedish: nacke\nOld Danish: nakkæ\nDanish: nakke"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*knog-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *knog-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*knékō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *knékō",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "xto",
        "2": "kñuk",
        "t": "neck"
      },
      "expansion": "Tocharian A kñuk (“neck”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "Hunke",
        "3": "",
        "4": "hillock"
      },
      "expansion": "German Hunke (“hillock”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cel-pro",
        "2": "*knukkos",
        "3": "",
        "4": "protuberance; hill"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *knukkos (“protuberance; hill”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*-kô"
      },
      "expansion": "*-kô",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *knog-, *kneg- (“back of the head, nape, neck”), from *ken- (“to press, pinch, buckle, kink”).\nKroonen reconstructs an etymon Proto-Indo-European *knékō, which he connects with Tocharian A kñuk (“neck”). German Hunke (“hillock”) might retain a trace of the original genitive. Compare Proto-Celtic *knukkos (“protuberance; hill”), which Kroonen suggests is borrowed from Germanic.\nCompare also the suffix *-kô, found in names of several other body parts.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "an-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hnakkammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "m"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/hnakkô",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "hnakkaz"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic an-stem nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic masculine nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms suffixed with *-kô",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "gem-pro:Anatomy"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "the back of the neck; nape"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "neck",
          "neck"
        ],
        [
          "nape",
          "nape"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) the back of the neck; nape"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "wikipedia": [
        "Brill Publishers"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈxnɑk.kɔːː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "hnakkô"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-21 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-06-06 using wiktextract (6c02f21 and 0136956). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.