"herþrą" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See herþrą in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈxer.θrɑ̃/
Etymology: Uncertain. Perhaps from either Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker(t)- (“to cut, divide”) (to which Orel compares Proto-West Germanic *herþ (“hearth”)) or *ḱerd- (“heart”), with the suffix *-þrą. Compare Lithuanian kartóklys (“omasum”). Etymology templates: {{unc|gem-pro}} Uncertain, {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*(s)ker-|*(s)ker(t)-|t=to cut, divide}} Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker(t)- (“to cut, divide”), {{cog|gmw-pro|*herþ||hearth}} Proto-West Germanic *herþ (“hearth”), {{m|ine-pro|*ḱerd-||heart}} *ḱerd- (“heart”), {{af|gem-pro|*-þrą}} *-þrą, {{cog|lt|kartóklys||omasum}} Lithuanian kartóklys (“omasum”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun-a-n|herþr}}, {{gem-decl-noun-table|*herþrą|*herþrą|*herþrą|*herþras, -is|*herþrai|*herþrō|􂒋herþrō|􂒋herþrō|􂒋herþrō|􂒋herþrǫ̂|􂒋herþramaz|􂒋herþramiz|title=*herþrą (a-stem)}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], herþrą [nominative, singular], herþrō [nominative, plural], herþrą [singular, vocative], herþrō [plural, vocative], herþrą [accusative, singular], herþrō [accusative, plural], herþras [genitive, singular], -is [genitive, singular], herþrǫ̂ [genitive, plural], herþrai [dative, singular], herþramaz [dative, plural], herþrō [instrumental, singular], herþramiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. (anatomy) innards; guts; internal organs Tags: neuter, reconstruction

Download JSON data for herþrą meaning in Proto-Germanic (5.0kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*herþr"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *herþr\nOld English: hreþer\nOld High German: *herdar\n⇒ Old High German: smalaherdar (“small intestine, gut”)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *herþr\nOld English: hreþer\nOld High German: *herdar\n⇒ Old High German: smalaherdar (“small intestine, gut”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "hreðr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: hreðr",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: hreðr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "hreður"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: hreður",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: hreður"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "hreðjar",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Icelandic: hreðjar",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Icelandic: hreðjar"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌷𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌸𐍂𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌸𐍂𐌰 (hairþra)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "plural"
          },
          "expansion": "(plural)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌸𐍂𐌰 (hairþra) (plural)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro"
      },
      "expansion": "Uncertain",
      "name": "unc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*(s)ker-",
        "4": "*(s)ker(t)-",
        "t": "to cut, divide"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker(t)- (“to cut, divide”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "*herþ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "hearth"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *herþ (“hearth”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*ḱerd-",
        "3": "",
        "4": "heart"
      },
      "expansion": "*ḱerd- (“heart”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*-þrą"
      },
      "expansion": "*-þrą",
      "name": "af"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lt",
        "2": "kartóklys",
        "3": "",
        "4": "omasum"
      },
      "expansion": "Lithuanian kartóklys (“omasum”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Uncertain. Perhaps from either Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker(t)- (“to cut, divide”) (to which Orel compares Proto-West Germanic *herþ (“hearth”)) or *ḱerd- (“heart”), with the suffix *-þrą. Compare Lithuanian kartóklys (“omasum”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun-a-n",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþrą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþrō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþrą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþrō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþrą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþrō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþras",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþrǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþrai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþramaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþrō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþramiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "herþr"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-noun-a-n"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "*herþrą",
        "10": "􂒋herþrǫ̂",
        "11": "􂒋herþramaz",
        "12": "􂒋herþramiz",
        "2": "*herþrą",
        "3": "*herþrą",
        "4": "*herþras, -is",
        "5": "*herþrai",
        "6": "*herþrō",
        "7": "􂒋herþrō",
        "8": "􂒋herþrō",
        "9": "􂒋herþrō",
        "title": "*herþrą (a-stem)"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-noun-table"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/herþrą",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with topic categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with topic categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic terms suffixed with *-þrą",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "innards; guts; internal organs"
      ],
      "id": "en-herþrą-gem-pro-noun-H~cqk9Kk",
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "innards",
          "innards"
        ],
        [
          "guts",
          "guts"
        ],
        [
          "internal organ",
          "internal organ"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) innards; guts; internal organs"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈxer.θrɑ̃/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "herþrą"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*herþr"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *herþr\nOld English: hreþer\nOld High German: *herdar\n⇒ Old High German: smalaherdar (“small intestine, gut”)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *herþr\nOld English: hreþer\nOld High German: *herdar\n⇒ Old High German: smalaherdar (“small intestine, gut”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "hreðr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: hreðr",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: hreðr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "hreður"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: hreður",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: hreður"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "hreðjar",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Icelandic: hreðjar",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Icelandic: hreðjar"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌷𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌸𐍂𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌸𐍂𐌰 (hairþra)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "plural"
          },
          "expansion": "(plural)",
          "name": "q"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌸𐍂𐌰 (hairþra) (plural)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro"
      },
      "expansion": "Uncertain",
      "name": "unc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*(s)ker-",
        "4": "*(s)ker(t)-",
        "t": "to cut, divide"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker(t)- (“to cut, divide”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "*herþ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "hearth"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *herþ (“hearth”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*ḱerd-",
        "3": "",
        "4": "heart"
      },
      "expansion": "*ḱerd- (“heart”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*-þrą"
      },
      "expansion": "*-þrą",
      "name": "af"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lt",
        "2": "kartóklys",
        "3": "",
        "4": "omasum"
      },
      "expansion": "Lithuanian kartóklys (“omasum”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Uncertain. Perhaps from either Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker(t)- (“to cut, divide”) (to which Orel compares Proto-West Germanic *herþ (“hearth”)) or *ḱerd- (“heart”), with the suffix *-þrą. Compare Lithuanian kartóklys (“omasum”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun-a-n",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþrą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþrō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþrą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþrō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþrą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþrō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþras",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþrǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþrai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþramaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþrō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "herþramiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "herþr"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-noun-a-n"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "*herþrą",
        "10": "􂒋herþrǫ̂",
        "11": "􂒋herþramaz",
        "12": "􂒋herþramiz",
        "2": "*herþrą",
        "3": "*herþrą",
        "4": "*herþras, -is",
        "5": "*herþrai",
        "6": "*herþrō",
        "7": "􂒋herþrō",
        "8": "􂒋herþrō",
        "9": "􂒋herþrō",
        "title": "*herþrą (a-stem)"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-noun-table"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/herþrą",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic a-stem nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic entries with topic categories using raw markup",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic neuter nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms suffixed with *-þrą",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with unknown etymologies",
        "gem-pro:Anatomy",
        "gem-pro:Organs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "innards; guts; internal organs"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "innards",
          "innards"
        ],
        [
          "guts",
          "guts"
        ],
        [
          "internal organ",
          "internal organ"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) innards; guts; internal organs"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈxer.θrɑ̃/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "herþrą"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.