"gagin" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See gagin in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Preposition

IPA: /ˈɣɑ.ɣin/
Etymology: Unknown. Etymology templates: {{unk|gem-pro}} Unknown
  1. (+ dative) towards, in the direction of Tags: reconstruction, with-dative
    Sense id: gagin-gem-pro-prep-vf8Blzp- Categories (other): Proto-Germanic prepositions Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic prepositions: 53 47
  2. (+ accusative) against Tags: reconstruction, with-accusative
    Sense id: gagin-gem-pro-prep-pxjj6a76 Categories (other): Proto-Germanic prepositions Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic prepositions: 53 47
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: gaginjaną

Download JSON data for gagin meaning in Proto-Germanic (7.9kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "gaginjaną"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*gagin"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *gagin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *gagin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "ġeġn"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: ġeġn, gæġn, ġēan\nMiddle English: gain, ȝæn\nEnglish: gain (obsolete)\nScots: gain, gin",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: ġeġn, gæġn, ġēan\nMiddle English: gain, ȝæn\nEnglish: gain (obsolete)\nScots: gain, gin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "jēn",
            "3": "jōn"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: jēn, jōn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: jēn, jōn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frr",
            "2": "jen",
            "3": "jien"
          },
          "expansion": "North Frisian: jen, jien",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "North Frisian: jen, jien"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "juun"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: juun",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: juun"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "jin"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: jin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: jin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "tsjin",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ West Frisian: tsjin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ West Frisian: tsjin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "gegin"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: gegin, gigin, gagan\nMiddle Low German: gēgen, jēgen\nLow German: giegen (Münsterländisch); gegen\n⇒ Low German: tiegen (Münsterländisch); tegen (from to giegen, to gegen)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: gegin, gigin, gagan\nMiddle Low German: gēgen, jēgen\nLow German: giegen (Münsterländisch); gegen\n⇒ Low German: tiegen (Münsterländisch); tegen (from to giegen, to gegen)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "gegin"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: gegin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: gegin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "jegen",
            "alts": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: jegen, jeghen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: jegen, jeghen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "tegen",
            "3": "tjegen",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Middle Dutch: tegen, tjegen",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "te jegen"
          },
          "expansion": "te jegen",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Middle Dutch: tegen, tjegen (from te jegen)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "tegen"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: tegen\nAfrikaans: teen\nNegerhollands: tegen, teegen\nSkepi Creole Dutch: tagen\n→ Caribbean Javanese: tékhe",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: tegen\nAfrikaans: teen\nNegerhollands: tegen, teegen\nSkepi Creole Dutch: tagen\n→ Caribbean Javanese: tékhe"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "jeghens",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Middle Dutch: jeghens",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Middle Dutch: jeghens"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "jegens"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: jegens",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: jegens"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "gagan"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: gagan\nMiddle High German: gegen, gagen, jegen; gein, gēn\nAlemannic German: gege\nCimbrian: ghéghen\nGerman: gegen\nHunsrik: geghe\nYiddish: קעגן (kegn)\n⇒ Middle High German: gein, gēn (contraction)\nGerman: gen (literary, dated)\nYiddish: קיין (keyn)\n⇒ Luxembourgish: géint (with paragogic -t)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: gagan\nMiddle High German: gegen, gagen, jegen; gein, gēn\nAlemannic German: gege\nCimbrian: ghéghen\nGerman: gegen\nHunsrik: geghe\nYiddish: קעגן (kegn)\n⇒ Middle High German: gein, gēn (contraction)\nGerman: gen (literary, dated)\nYiddish: קיין (keyn)\n⇒ Luxembourgish: géint (with paragogic -t)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "gegn"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: gegn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: gegn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "gegn"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: gegn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: gegn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "gjøgn"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: gjøgn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: gjøgn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "-"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "gjen-"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: gjen-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: gjen-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nn",
            "2": "gjegn"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Nynorsk: gjegn",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "gjen-"
          },
          "expansion": "gjen-",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Nynorsk: gjegn, gjen-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "gēn"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: gēn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: gēn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "gen-"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: gen-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: gen-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "gen-"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: gen-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: gen-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "gayn",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Middle English: gayn, geyn, gein, gain, gayne, gaine\nEnglish: gain (obsolete, dialectal)\nScots: gain",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Middle English: gayn, geyn, gein, gain, gayne, gaine\nEnglish: gain (obsolete, dialectal)\nScots: gain"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "gegnum",
            "der": "1",
            "pos": "dative"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Old Norse: gegnum (dative)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Old Norse: gegnum (dative) (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "í gegn",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Old Norse: í gegn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Old Norse: í gegn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "ígjøgn"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: ígjøgn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: ígjøgn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "-"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian:",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "igjen"
          },
          "expansion": "igjen",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: igjen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-jmk",
            "2": "igjann"
          },
          "expansion": "Jamtish: igjann",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Jamtish: igjann"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "ī gēn"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: ī gēn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: ī gēn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "igen"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: igen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: igen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "igen"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: igen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: igen"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro"
      },
      "expansion": "Unknown",
      "name": "unk"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Unknown.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/gagin",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "53 47",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "towards, in the direction of"
      ],
      "id": "gagin-gem-pro-prep-vf8Blzp-",
      "links": [
        [
          "towards",
          "towards"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+ dative) towards, in the direction of"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-dative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "53 47",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "against"
      ],
      "id": "gagin-gem-pro-prep-pxjj6a76",
      "links": [
        [
          "against",
          "against"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+ accusative) against"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-accusative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɣɑ.ɣin/"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Friedrich Kluge",
    "John Francis Davis",
    "Nicoline van der Sijs"
  ],
  "word": "gagin"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "gaginjaną"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*gagin"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *gagin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *gagin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "ġeġn"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: ġeġn, gæġn, ġēan\nMiddle English: gain, ȝæn\nEnglish: gain (obsolete)\nScots: gain, gin",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: ġeġn, gæġn, ġēan\nMiddle English: gain, ȝæn\nEnglish: gain (obsolete)\nScots: gain, gin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "jēn",
            "3": "jōn"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: jēn, jōn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: jēn, jōn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frr",
            "2": "jen",
            "3": "jien"
          },
          "expansion": "North Frisian: jen, jien",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "North Frisian: jen, jien"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "juun"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: juun",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: juun"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "jin"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: jin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: jin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "tsjin",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ West Frisian: tsjin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ West Frisian: tsjin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "gegin"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: gegin, gigin, gagan\nMiddle Low German: gēgen, jēgen\nLow German: giegen (Münsterländisch); gegen\n⇒ Low German: tiegen (Münsterländisch); tegen (from to giegen, to gegen)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: gegin, gigin, gagan\nMiddle Low German: gēgen, jēgen\nLow German: giegen (Münsterländisch); gegen\n⇒ Low German: tiegen (Münsterländisch); tegen (from to giegen, to gegen)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "gegin"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: gegin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: gegin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "jegen",
            "alts": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: jegen, jeghen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: jegen, jeghen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "tegen",
            "3": "tjegen",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Middle Dutch: tegen, tjegen",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "te jegen"
          },
          "expansion": "te jegen",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Middle Dutch: tegen, tjegen (from te jegen)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "tegen"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: tegen\nAfrikaans: teen\nNegerhollands: tegen, teegen\nSkepi Creole Dutch: tagen\n→ Caribbean Javanese: tékhe",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: tegen\nAfrikaans: teen\nNegerhollands: tegen, teegen\nSkepi Creole Dutch: tagen\n→ Caribbean Javanese: tékhe"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "jeghens",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Middle Dutch: jeghens",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Middle Dutch: jeghens"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "jegens"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: jegens",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: jegens"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "gagan"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: gagan\nMiddle High German: gegen, gagen, jegen; gein, gēn\nAlemannic German: gege\nCimbrian: ghéghen\nGerman: gegen\nHunsrik: geghe\nYiddish: קעגן (kegn)\n⇒ Middle High German: gein, gēn (contraction)\nGerman: gen (literary, dated)\nYiddish: קיין (keyn)\n⇒ Luxembourgish: géint (with paragogic -t)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: gagan\nMiddle High German: gegen, gagen, jegen; gein, gēn\nAlemannic German: gege\nCimbrian: ghéghen\nGerman: gegen\nHunsrik: geghe\nYiddish: קעגן (kegn)\n⇒ Middle High German: gein, gēn (contraction)\nGerman: gen (literary, dated)\nYiddish: קיין (keyn)\n⇒ Luxembourgish: géint (with paragogic -t)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "gegn"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: gegn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: gegn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "gegn"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: gegn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: gegn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "gjøgn"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: gjøgn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: gjøgn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "-"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "gjen-"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: gjen-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: gjen-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nn",
            "2": "gjegn"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Nynorsk: gjegn",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "gjen-"
          },
          "expansion": "gjen-",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Nynorsk: gjegn, gjen-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "gēn"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: gēn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: gēn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "gen-"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: gen-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: gen-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "gen-"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: gen-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: gen-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "gayn",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Middle English: gayn, geyn, gein, gain, gayne, gaine\nEnglish: gain (obsolete, dialectal)\nScots: gain",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Middle English: gayn, geyn, gein, gain, gayne, gaine\nEnglish: gain (obsolete, dialectal)\nScots: gain"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "gegnum",
            "der": "1",
            "pos": "dative"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Old Norse: gegnum (dative)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {},
          "expansion": "(see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "see desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Old Norse: gegnum (dative) (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "í gegn",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Old Norse: í gegn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Old Norse: í gegn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "ígjøgn"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: ígjøgn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: ígjøgn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "-"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian:",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "igjen"
          },
          "expansion": "igjen",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: igjen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-jmk",
            "2": "igjann"
          },
          "expansion": "Jamtish: igjann",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Jamtish: igjann"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "ī gēn"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: ī gēn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: ī gēn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "igen"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: igen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: igen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "igen"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: igen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: igen"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro"
      },
      "expansion": "Unknown",
      "name": "unk"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Unknown.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/gagin",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "towards, in the direction of"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "towards",
          "towards"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+ dative) towards, in the direction of"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-dative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "against"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "against",
          "against"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+ accusative) against"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-accusative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɣɑ.ɣin/"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Friedrich Kluge",
    "John Francis Davis",
    "Nicoline van der Sijs"
  ],
  "word": "gagin"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.