"finhlō" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See finhlō in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈɸĩx.lɔː/
Etymology: From *finhlōną + *-ō. Etymology templates: {{root|gem-pro|ine-pro|*peyḱ-|id=mark}}, {{af|gem-pro|*finhlōną|*-ō}} *finhlōną + *-ō Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], finhlō [nominative, singular], finhlôz [nominative, plural], finhlō [singular, vocative], finhlôz [plural, vocative], finhlǭ [accusative, singular], finhlōz [accusative, plural], finhlōz [genitive, singular], finhlǫ̂ [genitive, plural], finhlōi [dative, singular], finhlōmaz [dative, plural], finhlō [instrumental, singular], finhlōmiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. rasp, file Tags: feminine, reconstruction

Download JSON data for finhlō meaning in Proto-Germanic (4.8kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*fį̄hlu"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *fį̄hlu, *fį̄halu, *fį̄hilu, *fį̄hulu\nOld English: fīil, fīol, fēol, fēl\nMiddle English: file, fyle\nEnglish: file\nScots: file, fyle\nOld Frisian: *fīle\nSaterland Frisian: Fiele\nWest Frisian: file\nOld Saxon: fīla\nMiddle Low German: vîle\nGerman Low German: File\n→ Swedish: fil\nOld Dutch: *fīla\nMiddle Dutch: vile\nDutch: vijl\nBerbice Creole Dutch: feli\nNegerhollands: feile\n→ Aukan: fei\n→ Caribbean Hindustani: feiri\nOld High German: fīhala, fīgila, fīla\nMiddle High German: vīle\nCimbrian: faila\nGerman: Feile\nLuxembourgish: Feil\n→ Proto-Slavic: *pĩlà (see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *fį̄hlu, *fį̄halu, *fį̄hilu, *fį̄hulu\nOld English: fīil, fīol, fēol, fēl\nMiddle English: file, fyle\nEnglish: file\nScots: file, fyle\nOld Frisian: *fīle\nSaterland Frisian: Fiele\nWest Frisian: file\nOld Saxon: fīla\nMiddle Low German: vîle\nGerman Low German: File\n→ Swedish: fil\nOld Dutch: *fīla\nMiddle Dutch: vile\nDutch: vijl\nBerbice Creole Dutch: feli\nNegerhollands: feile\n→ Aukan: fei\n→ Caribbean Hindustani: feiri\nOld High German: fīhala, fīgila, fīla\nMiddle High German: vīle\nCimbrian: faila\nGerman: Feile\nLuxembourgish: Feil\n→ Proto-Slavic: *pĩlà (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "þél"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: þél",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: þél ( < *fíla, *fél)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "þél",
            "3": "þjöl"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: þél, þjöl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: þél, þjöl"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "fíla"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: fíla",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: fíla"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "fil"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: fil",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: fil"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "fæl",
            "alt": "fǣl"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: fǣl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: fǣl"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "fil"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: fil",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: fil"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*peyḱ-",
        "id": "mark"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*finhlōną",
        "3": "*-ō"
      },
      "expansion": "*finhlōną + *-ō",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From *finhlōną + *-ō.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ō-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/finhlō",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Caribbean Hindustani terms in nonstandard scripts",
          "parents": [
            "Terms in nonstandard scripts",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Swedish links with redundant target parameters",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant target parameters",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic terms suffixed with *-ō",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "rasp, file"
      ],
      "id": "en-finhlō-gem-pro-noun-cb3J8w7g",
      "links": [
        [
          "rasp",
          "rasp"
        ],
        [
          "file",
          "file"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɸĩx.lɔː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "finhlō"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*fį̄hlu"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *fį̄hlu, *fį̄halu, *fį̄hilu, *fį̄hulu\nOld English: fīil, fīol, fēol, fēl\nMiddle English: file, fyle\nEnglish: file\nScots: file, fyle\nOld Frisian: *fīle\nSaterland Frisian: Fiele\nWest Frisian: file\nOld Saxon: fīla\nMiddle Low German: vîle\nGerman Low German: File\n→ Swedish: fil\nOld Dutch: *fīla\nMiddle Dutch: vile\nDutch: vijl\nBerbice Creole Dutch: feli\nNegerhollands: feile\n→ Aukan: fei\n→ Caribbean Hindustani: feiri\nOld High German: fīhala, fīgila, fīla\nMiddle High German: vīle\nCimbrian: faila\nGerman: Feile\nLuxembourgish: Feil\n→ Proto-Slavic: *pĩlà (see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *fį̄hlu, *fį̄halu, *fį̄hilu, *fį̄hulu\nOld English: fīil, fīol, fēol, fēl\nMiddle English: file, fyle\nEnglish: file\nScots: file, fyle\nOld Frisian: *fīle\nSaterland Frisian: Fiele\nWest Frisian: file\nOld Saxon: fīla\nMiddle Low German: vîle\nGerman Low German: File\n→ Swedish: fil\nOld Dutch: *fīla\nMiddle Dutch: vile\nDutch: vijl\nBerbice Creole Dutch: feli\nNegerhollands: feile\n→ Aukan: fei\n→ Caribbean Hindustani: feiri\nOld High German: fīhala, fīgila, fīla\nMiddle High German: vīle\nCimbrian: faila\nGerman: Feile\nLuxembourgish: Feil\n→ Proto-Slavic: *pĩlà (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "þél"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: þél",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: þél ( < *fíla, *fél)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "þél",
            "3": "þjöl"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: þél, þjöl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: þél, þjöl"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "fíla"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: fíla",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: fíla"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "fil"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: fil",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: fil"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "fæl",
            "alt": "fǣl"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: fǣl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: fǣl"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "fil"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: fil",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: fil"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*peyḱ-",
        "id": "mark"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*finhlōną",
        "3": "*-ō"
      },
      "expansion": "*finhlōną + *-ō",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From *finhlōną + *-ō.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ō-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "finhlōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/finhlō",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Caribbean Hindustani terms in nonstandard scripts",
        "Old Swedish links with redundant target parameters",
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic feminine nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *peyḱ- (mark)",
        "Proto-Germanic terms suffixed with *-ō",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Proto-Germanic ō-stem nouns"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "rasp, file"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "rasp",
          "rasp"
        ],
        [
          "file",
          "file"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɸĩx.lɔː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "finhlō"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.