"felu" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See felu in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adverb

IPA: /ˈɸe.lu/
Etymology: Originally the neuter singular form of older *feluz (“many”), from Proto-Indo-European *pélh₁us, derived from the root *pleh₁- (“to fill”). Cognate with Latin plūs, Ancient Greek πολύς (polús). Etymology templates: {{root|gem-pro|ine-pro|*pelh₁-}}, {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*pélh₁us}} Proto-Indo-European *pélh₁us, {{cog|la|plūs}} Latin plūs, {{cog|grc|πολύς}} Ancient Greek πολύς (polús)
  1. much, a lot Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-felu-gem-pro-adv-vW06TQta Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header, Proto-Germanic indefinite pronouns, Proto-Germanic pronouns Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 34 32 34 0 Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic indefinite pronouns: 30 30 30 9 Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic pronouns: 31 29 31 10
  2. very Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-felu-gem-pro-adv-TGpIOfg9 Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header, Proto-Germanic indefinite pronouns, Proto-Germanic pronouns Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 34 32 34 0 Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic indefinite pronouns: 30 30 30 9 Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic pronouns: 31 29 31 10
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: felufaihaz, flaistaz, flaizô, fulu

Pronoun

IPA: /ˈɸe.lu/
Etymology: Originally the neuter singular form of older *feluz (“many”), from Proto-Indo-European *pélh₁us, derived from the root *pleh₁- (“to fill”). Cognate with Latin plūs, Ancient Greek πολύς (polús). Etymology templates: {{root|gem-pro|ine-pro|*pelh₁-}}, {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*pélh₁us}} Proto-Indo-European *pélh₁us, {{cog|la|plūs}} Latin plūs, {{cog|grc|πολύς}} Ancient Greek πολύς (polús)
  1. much, a lot Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-felu-gem-pro-pron-vW06TQta Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header, Proto-Germanic indefinite pronouns, Proto-Germanic pronouns Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 34 32 34 0 Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic indefinite pronouns: 30 30 30 9 Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic pronouns: 31 29 31 10
  2. (+noun in genitive) a lot of Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-felu-gem-pro-pron-8vAXQWQA
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: felauz

Download JSON data for felu meaning in Proto-Germanic (6.3kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "felauz"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*pelh₁-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*pélh₁us"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *pélh₁us",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "plūs"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin plūs",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "πολύς"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek πολύς (polús)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Originally the neuter singular form of older *feluz (“many”), from Proto-Indo-European *pélh₁us, derived from the root *pleh₁- (“to fill”). Cognate with Latin plūs, Ancient Greek πολύς (polús).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/felu",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "34 32 34 0",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "30 30 30 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic indefinite pronouns",
          "parents": [
            "Indefinite pronouns",
            "Indefinite pro-forms",
            "Pronouns",
            "Pro-forms",
            "Lemmas",
            "Terms by semantic function"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "31 29 31 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "much, a lot"
      ],
      "id": "en-felu-gem-pro-pron-vW06TQta",
      "links": [
        [
          "much",
          "much"
        ],
        [
          "a lot",
          "a lot"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "a lot of"
      ],
      "id": "en-felu-gem-pro-pron-8vAXQWQA",
      "links": [
        [
          "a lot of",
          "a lot of"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "+noun in genitive",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+noun in genitive) a lot of"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɸe.lu/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "felu"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*felu"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *felu\nOld English: fela, feola, fiolu, feolu, feolo, fala; feola\nMiddle English: fele, fale, feel, fel, feole, vele; feala, fela, felæ, feola, veole\nEnglish: fele (obsolete)\nMiddle Scots: fele (poetic)\nOld Frisian: felo, fele, fel\nEast Frisian:\nWangerooge Frisian: fêl, feyhl\nWursten Frisian: vlia\nWest Frisian: fel\nOld Saxon: filu, filo\nMiddle Low German: vele, vil\nLow German: veel\nOld Dutch: filo\nMiddle Dutch: vele\nDutch: veel\nOld High German: filu, vilu, filo, fila, vili\nMiddle High German: vil, vile\nAlemannic German: viel\nSwabian: viel\nBavarian: vui, vei, vii\nCimbrian: vil, viil, biil\nViennese: vü\nGerman: viel\nLuxembourgish: vill\nYiddish: פֿיל (fil)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *felu\nOld English: fela, feola, fiolu, feolu, feolo, fala; feola\nMiddle English: fele, fale, feel, fel, feole, vele; feala, fela, felæ, feola, veole\nEnglish: fele (obsolete)\nMiddle Scots: fele (poetic)\nOld Frisian: felo, fele, fel\nEast Frisian:\nWangerooge Frisian: fêl, feyhl\nWursten Frisian: vlia\nWest Frisian: fel\nOld Saxon: filu, filo\nMiddle Low German: vele, vil\nLow German: veel\nOld Dutch: filo\nMiddle Dutch: vele\nDutch: veel\nOld High German: filu, vilu, filo, fila, vili\nMiddle High German: vil, vile\nAlemannic German: viel\nSwabian: viel\nBavarian: vui, vei, vii\nCimbrian: vil, viil, biil\nViennese: vü\nGerman: viel\nLuxembourgish: vill\nYiddish: פֿיל (fil)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "fjǫl-",
            "3": "fjǫlð",
            "qq2": "< ?"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: fjǫl-, fjǫlð (< ?)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: fjǫl-, fjǫlð (< ?)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "fjöl-"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: fjöl-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: fjöl-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "fjøl-"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: fjøl-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: fjøl-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍆𐌹𐌻𐌿"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌹𐌻𐌿 (filu)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌹𐌻𐌿 (filu)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*pelh₁-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*pélh₁us"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *pélh₁us",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "plūs"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin plūs",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "πολύς"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek πολύς (polús)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Originally the neuter singular form of older *feluz (“many”), from Proto-Indo-European *pélh₁us, derived from the root *pleh₁- (“to fill”). Cognate with Latin plūs, Ancient Greek πολύς (polús).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/felu",
  "pos": "adv",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "felufaihaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "flaistaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "flaizô"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "fulu"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "34 32 34 0",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "30 30 30 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic indefinite pronouns",
          "parents": [
            "Indefinite pronouns",
            "Indefinite pro-forms",
            "Pronouns",
            "Pro-forms",
            "Lemmas",
            "Terms by semantic function"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "31 29 31 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "much, a lot"
      ],
      "id": "en-felu-gem-pro-adv-vW06TQta",
      "links": [
        [
          "much",
          "much"
        ],
        [
          "a lot",
          "a lot"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "34 32 34 0",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "30 30 30 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic indefinite pronouns",
          "parents": [
            "Indefinite pronouns",
            "Indefinite pro-forms",
            "Pronouns",
            "Pro-forms",
            "Lemmas",
            "Terms by semantic function"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "31 29 31 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "very"
      ],
      "id": "en-felu-gem-pro-adv-TGpIOfg9",
      "links": [
        [
          "very",
          "very"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɸe.lu/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "felu"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic adverbs",
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic indefinite adverbs",
    "Proto-Germanic indefinite pronouns",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic pronouns",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *pelh₁-",
    "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "felauz"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*pelh₁-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*pélh₁us"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *pélh₁us",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "plūs"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin plūs",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "πολύς"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek πολύς (polús)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Originally the neuter singular form of older *feluz (“many”), from Proto-Indo-European *pélh₁us, derived from the root *pleh₁- (“to fill”). Cognate with Latin plūs, Ancient Greek πολύς (polús).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/felu",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "much, a lot"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "much",
          "much"
        ],
        [
          "a lot",
          "a lot"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "a lot of"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "a lot of",
          "a lot of"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "+noun in genitive",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+noun in genitive) a lot of"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɸe.lu/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "felu"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic adverbs",
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic indefinite adverbs",
    "Proto-Germanic indefinite pronouns",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic pronouns",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *pelh₁-",
    "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*felu"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *felu\nOld English: fela, feola, fiolu, feolu, feolo, fala; feola\nMiddle English: fele, fale, feel, fel, feole, vele; feala, fela, felæ, feola, veole\nEnglish: fele (obsolete)\nMiddle Scots: fele (poetic)\nOld Frisian: felo, fele, fel\nEast Frisian:\nWangerooge Frisian: fêl, feyhl\nWursten Frisian: vlia\nWest Frisian: fel\nOld Saxon: filu, filo\nMiddle Low German: vele, vil\nLow German: veel\nOld Dutch: filo\nMiddle Dutch: vele\nDutch: veel\nOld High German: filu, vilu, filo, fila, vili\nMiddle High German: vil, vile\nAlemannic German: viel\nSwabian: viel\nBavarian: vui, vei, vii\nCimbrian: vil, viil, biil\nViennese: vü\nGerman: viel\nLuxembourgish: vill\nYiddish: פֿיל (fil)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *felu\nOld English: fela, feola, fiolu, feolu, feolo, fala; feola\nMiddle English: fele, fale, feel, fel, feole, vele; feala, fela, felæ, feola, veole\nEnglish: fele (obsolete)\nMiddle Scots: fele (poetic)\nOld Frisian: felo, fele, fel\nEast Frisian:\nWangerooge Frisian: fêl, feyhl\nWursten Frisian: vlia\nWest Frisian: fel\nOld Saxon: filu, filo\nMiddle Low German: vele, vil\nLow German: veel\nOld Dutch: filo\nMiddle Dutch: vele\nDutch: veel\nOld High German: filu, vilu, filo, fila, vili\nMiddle High German: vil, vile\nAlemannic German: viel\nSwabian: viel\nBavarian: vui, vei, vii\nCimbrian: vil, viil, biil\nViennese: vü\nGerman: viel\nLuxembourgish: vill\nYiddish: פֿיל (fil)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "fjǫl-",
            "3": "fjǫlð",
            "qq2": "< ?"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: fjǫl-, fjǫlð (< ?)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: fjǫl-, fjǫlð (< ?)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "fjöl-"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: fjöl-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: fjöl-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "fjøl-"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: fjøl-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: fjøl-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍆𐌹𐌻𐌿"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌹𐌻𐌿 (filu)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌹𐌻𐌿 (filu)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*pelh₁-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*pélh₁us"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *pélh₁us",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "plūs"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin plūs",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "πολύς"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek πολύς (polús)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Originally the neuter singular form of older *feluz (“many”), from Proto-Indo-European *pélh₁us, derived from the root *pleh₁- (“to fill”). Cognate with Latin plūs, Ancient Greek πολύς (polús).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/felu",
  "pos": "adv",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "felufaihaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "flaistaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "flaizô"
    },
    {
      "word": "fulu"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "much, a lot"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "much",
          "much"
        ],
        [
          "a lot",
          "a lot"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "very"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "very",
          "very"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɸe.lu/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "felu"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.