"fedwōr" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See fedwōr in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Numeral

IPA: /ˈɸeð.wɔːr/ Forms: irregular [table-tags], fedwōr [nominative, plural], fedwōr [accusative, plural], fedurǫ̂ [genitive, plural], fedurmaz [dative, plural], fedurmiz [instrumental, plural]
Etymology: From pre-Grimm *petwṓr, with an irregular consonant change from *kʷetwṓr, the neuter form of Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwóres. The consonant change was probably caused by the influence of the *p- in the word for "five", *pénkʷe. The expected outcome would have been **hwedwōr. Etymology templates: {{m|ine-pro||*petwṓr}} *petwṓr, {{m|ine-pro||*kʷetwṓr}} *kʷetwṓr, {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*kʷetwóres}} Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwóres, {{m|ine-pro|*pénkʷe}} *pénkʷe, {{m|gem-pro||**hwedwōr}} **hwedwōr Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-num-4}}
  1. four Tags: reconstruction Categories (topical): Proto-Germanic cardinal numbers Derived forms: fedwōr tigiwiz Related terms: feþur-
    Sense id: fedwōr-gem-pro-num-BO-vCA9a

Download JSON data for fedwōr meaning in Proto-Germanic (5.4kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*feuwar"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *feuwar\nOld English: fēower, fēowor, fēowur\nMiddle English: four, fore, feour, fower, fowwre, foure, fowr, vour\nEnglish: four\nNorthumbrian: fower\nScots: fower\nYola: vour, voure, vowre\nOld Frisian: fiūwer\nNorth Frisian:\nFöhr-Amrum: fjauer\nGoesharde: fjauer\nHelgoland: schtjuur\nMooring: fjouer\nSylt: fjuur\nWiedingharde: fjauer\nSaterland Frisian: fjauer\nWest Frisian: fjouwer\nOld Saxon: fiuwar, fiwar, fior\nMiddle Low German: vêr\nLow German:\nDutch Low Saxon: vier, veer\nGerman Low German: veer (Hamburgisch)\nWestphalian:\nMünsterländisch: veer\nEast Westphalian: veier (Paderbornisch), fåir' (Ravensbergisch)\nPlautdietsch: vea\nOld Dutch: *fiuwar (found in toponym Viuwarflet now called Viervliet), *fior, fier\nMiddle Dutch: vier\nDutch: vier\nAfrikaans: vier\nOld High German: fior\nMiddle High German: vier\nAlemannic German: vier\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: viare\nMòcheno: viar\nCentral Franconian: vier\nHunsrik: fier\nGerman: vier\nLuxembourgish: véier\nPennsylvania German: vier\nVilamovian: fiyr\nYiddish: פֿיר (fir)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *feuwar\nOld English: fēower, fēowor, fēowur\nMiddle English: four, fore, feour, fower, fowwre, foure, fowr, vour\nEnglish: four\nNorthumbrian: fower\nScots: fower\nYola: vour, voure, vowre\nOld Frisian: fiūwer\nNorth Frisian:\nFöhr-Amrum: fjauer\nGoesharde: fjauer\nHelgoland: schtjuur\nMooring: fjouer\nSylt: fjuur\nWiedingharde: fjauer\nSaterland Frisian: fjauer\nWest Frisian: fjouwer\nOld Saxon: fiuwar, fiwar, fior\nMiddle Low German: vêr\nLow German:\nDutch Low Saxon: vier, veer\nGerman Low German: veer (Hamburgisch)\nWestphalian:\nMünsterländisch: veer\nEast Westphalian: veier (Paderbornisch), fåir' (Ravensbergisch)\nPlautdietsch: vea\nOld Dutch: *fiuwar (found in toponym Viuwarflet now called Viervliet), *fior, fier\nMiddle Dutch: vier\nDutch: vier\nAfrikaans: vier\nOld High German: fior\nMiddle High German: vier\nAlemannic German: vier\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: viare\nMòcheno: viar\nCentral Franconian: vier\nHunsrik: fier\nGerman: vier\nLuxembourgish: véier\nPennsylvania German: vier\nVilamovian: fiyr\nYiddish: פֿיר (fir)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "fjórir",
            "3": "fjǫgurir"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: fjórir, fjǫgurir\nIcelandic: fjórir\nFaroese: fýra\nNorn: fyre\nNorwegian Nynorsk: fjore (archaic, Høgnorsk)\nElfdalian: fyra\nOld Swedish: fiūrir, fiūri, fȳrir, fȳri\nSwedish: fyra\nOld Danish: fiūræ, fiūghræ, fȳræ, firæ\nDanish: fire\nNorwegian Bokmål: fire\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: fire",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: fjórir, fjǫgurir\nIcelandic: fjórir\nFaroese: fýra\nNorn: fyre\nNorwegian Nynorsk: fjore (archaic, Høgnorsk)\nElfdalian: fyra\nOld Swedish: fiūrir, fiūri, fȳrir, fȳri\nSwedish: fyra\nOld Danish: fiūræ, fiūghræ, fȳræ, firæ\nDanish: fire\nNorwegian Bokmål: fire\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: fire"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍆𐌹𐌳𐍅𐍉𐍂"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌹𐌳𐍅𐍉𐍂 (fidwōr)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌹𐌳𐍅𐍉𐍂 (fidwōr)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gme-cgo",
            "2": "fyder"
          },
          "expansion": "Crimean Gothic: fyder",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Crimean Gothic: fyder"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*petwṓr"
      },
      "expansion": "*petwṓr",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*kʷetwṓr"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷetwṓr",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*kʷetwóres"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwóres",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*pénkʷe"
      },
      "expansion": "*pénkʷe",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "**hwedwōr"
      },
      "expansion": "**hwedwōr",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From pre-Grimm *petwṓr, with an irregular consonant change from *kʷetwṓr, the neuter form of Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwóres. The consonant change was probably caused by the influence of the *p- in the word for \"five\", *pénkʷe. The expected outcome would have been **hwedwōr.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "irregular",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-num-4",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fedwōr",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fedwōr",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fedurǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fedurmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fedurmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-num-4"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/fedwōr",
  "pos": "num",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic cardinal numbers",
          "parents": [
            "Cardinal numbers",
            "Numbers",
            "All topics",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "fedwōr tigiwiz"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "four"
      ],
      "id": "fedwōr-gem-pro-num-BO-vCA9a",
      "links": [
        [
          "four",
          "four"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "feþur-"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɸeð.wɔːr/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "fedwōr"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "fedwōr tigiwiz"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*feuwar"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *feuwar\nOld English: fēower, fēowor, fēowur\nMiddle English: four, fore, feour, fower, fowwre, foure, fowr, vour\nEnglish: four\nNorthumbrian: fower\nScots: fower\nYola: vour, voure, vowre\nOld Frisian: fiūwer\nNorth Frisian:\nFöhr-Amrum: fjauer\nGoesharde: fjauer\nHelgoland: schtjuur\nMooring: fjouer\nSylt: fjuur\nWiedingharde: fjauer\nSaterland Frisian: fjauer\nWest Frisian: fjouwer\nOld Saxon: fiuwar, fiwar, fior\nMiddle Low German: vêr\nLow German:\nDutch Low Saxon: vier, veer\nGerman Low German: veer (Hamburgisch)\nWestphalian:\nMünsterländisch: veer\nEast Westphalian: veier (Paderbornisch), fåir' (Ravensbergisch)\nPlautdietsch: vea\nOld Dutch: *fiuwar (found in toponym Viuwarflet now called Viervliet), *fior, fier\nMiddle Dutch: vier\nDutch: vier\nAfrikaans: vier\nOld High German: fior\nMiddle High German: vier\nAlemannic German: vier\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: viare\nMòcheno: viar\nCentral Franconian: vier\nHunsrik: fier\nGerman: vier\nLuxembourgish: véier\nPennsylvania German: vier\nVilamovian: fiyr\nYiddish: פֿיר (fir)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *feuwar\nOld English: fēower, fēowor, fēowur\nMiddle English: four, fore, feour, fower, fowwre, foure, fowr, vour\nEnglish: four\nNorthumbrian: fower\nScots: fower\nYola: vour, voure, vowre\nOld Frisian: fiūwer\nNorth Frisian:\nFöhr-Amrum: fjauer\nGoesharde: fjauer\nHelgoland: schtjuur\nMooring: fjouer\nSylt: fjuur\nWiedingharde: fjauer\nSaterland Frisian: fjauer\nWest Frisian: fjouwer\nOld Saxon: fiuwar, fiwar, fior\nMiddle Low German: vêr\nLow German:\nDutch Low Saxon: vier, veer\nGerman Low German: veer (Hamburgisch)\nWestphalian:\nMünsterländisch: veer\nEast Westphalian: veier (Paderbornisch), fåir' (Ravensbergisch)\nPlautdietsch: vea\nOld Dutch: *fiuwar (found in toponym Viuwarflet now called Viervliet), *fior, fier\nMiddle Dutch: vier\nDutch: vier\nAfrikaans: vier\nOld High German: fior\nMiddle High German: vier\nAlemannic German: vier\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: viare\nMòcheno: viar\nCentral Franconian: vier\nHunsrik: fier\nGerman: vier\nLuxembourgish: véier\nPennsylvania German: vier\nVilamovian: fiyr\nYiddish: פֿיר (fir)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "fjórir",
            "3": "fjǫgurir"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: fjórir, fjǫgurir\nIcelandic: fjórir\nFaroese: fýra\nNorn: fyre\nNorwegian Nynorsk: fjore (archaic, Høgnorsk)\nElfdalian: fyra\nOld Swedish: fiūrir, fiūri, fȳrir, fȳri\nSwedish: fyra\nOld Danish: fiūræ, fiūghræ, fȳræ, firæ\nDanish: fire\nNorwegian Bokmål: fire\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: fire",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: fjórir, fjǫgurir\nIcelandic: fjórir\nFaroese: fýra\nNorn: fyre\nNorwegian Nynorsk: fjore (archaic, Høgnorsk)\nElfdalian: fyra\nOld Swedish: fiūrir, fiūri, fȳrir, fȳri\nSwedish: fyra\nOld Danish: fiūræ, fiūghræ, fȳræ, firæ\nDanish: fire\nNorwegian Bokmål: fire\n→ Norwegian Nynorsk: fire"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍆𐌹𐌳𐍅𐍉𐍂"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌹𐌳𐍅𐍉𐍂 (fidwōr)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍆𐌹𐌳𐍅𐍉𐍂 (fidwōr)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gme-cgo",
            "2": "fyder"
          },
          "expansion": "Crimean Gothic: fyder",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Crimean Gothic: fyder"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*petwṓr"
      },
      "expansion": "*petwṓr",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*kʷetwṓr"
      },
      "expansion": "*kʷetwṓr",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*kʷetwóres"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwóres",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*pénkʷe"
      },
      "expansion": "*pénkʷe",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "**hwedwōr"
      },
      "expansion": "**hwedwōr",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From pre-Grimm *petwṓr, with an irregular consonant change from *kʷetwṓr, the neuter form of Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwóres. The consonant change was probably caused by the influence of the *p- in the word for \"five\", *pénkʷe. The expected outcome would have been **hwedwōr.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "irregular",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-num-4",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fedwōr",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fedwōr",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fedurǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fedurmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fedurmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-num-4"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/fedwōr",
  "pos": "num",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "feþur-"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic cardinal numbers",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic numerals",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "gem-pro:Four"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "four"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "four",
          "four"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɸeð.wɔːr/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "fedwōr"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.