"allaz" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See allaz in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Determiner

IPA: /ˈɑl.lɑz/
Etymology: From pre-Germanic *h₂elnós, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂el- (“beyond, other”). Etymology templates: {{pre-Germanic}} pre-Germanic, {{m|ine-pro||*h₂elnós}} *h₂elnós, {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*h₂el-|t=beyond, other}} Proto-Indo-European *h₂el- (“beyond, other”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-adj}} Forms: strong [table-tags], allaz [masculine, nominative, singular, strong], allai [masculine, nominative, plural, strong], allō [feminine, nominative, singular, strong], allôz [feminine, nominative, plural, strong], allą [neuter, nominative, singular, strong], -at [neuter, nominative, singular, strong], -atō [neuter, nominative, singular, strong], allō [neuter, nominative, plural, strong], allanǭ [accusative, masculine, singular, strong], allanz [accusative, masculine, plural, strong], allǭ [accusative, feminine, singular, strong], allōz [accusative, feminine, plural, strong], allą [accusative, neuter, singular, strong], -at [accusative, neuter, singular, strong], -atō [accusative, neuter, singular, strong], allō [accusative, neuter, plural, strong], allas [genitive, masculine, singular, strong], allis [genitive, masculine, singular, strong], allaizǫ̂ [genitive, masculine, plural, strong], allaizōz [feminine, genitive, singular, strong], allaizǫ̂ [feminine, genitive, plural, strong], allas [genitive, neuter, singular, strong], allis [genitive, neuter, singular, strong], allaizǫ̂ [genitive, neuter, plural, strong], allammai [dative, masculine, singular, strong], allaimaz [dative, masculine, plural, strong], allaizōi [dative, feminine, singular, strong], allaimaz [dative, feminine, plural, strong], allammai [dative, neuter, singular, strong], allaimaz [dative, neuter, plural, strong], allanō [instrumental, masculine, singular, strong], allaimiz [instrumental, masculine, plural, strong], allaizō [feminine, instrumental, singular, strong], allaimiz [feminine, instrumental, plural, strong], allanō [instrumental, neuter, singular, strong], allaimiz [instrumental, neuter, plural, strong]
  1. all Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: allaz-gem-pro-det-XvXvA2S2 Categories (other): Proto-Germanic indefinite determiners, Proto-Germanic determiners Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic determiners: 81 19
  2. whole, entire Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: allaz-gem-pro-det-cFBuOKRD
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: Alamann-, alamann-, alaþeudō

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for allaz meaning in Proto-Germanic (7.1kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "Alamann-"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "alamann-"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "alaþeudō"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*all"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *all\nOld English: eall, æal, all; æall, eal, eæll\nMiddle English: all, al\nEnglish: all\nNorthumbrian: aal\nScots: a', a, aw; aa, aal\nYola: aul, aal, all, al\nOld Frisian: all\nSaterland Frisian: al, aal\nWest Frisian: al\nOld Saxon: al\nMiddle Low German: al, alle\nGerman Low German: all, alle (Münsterländisch; Sauerländisch), olle (Paderbornisch)\nOld Dutch: al, ol\nMiddle Dutch: al\nDutch: al\nAfrikaans: al\nLimburgish: al\nOld High German: al\nMiddle High German: al\nAlemannic German: älli\nGerman: all\nLuxembourgish: all\nYiddish: אַלע (ale)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *all\nOld English: eall, æal, all; æall, eal, eæll\nMiddle English: all, al\nEnglish: all\nNorthumbrian: aal\nScots: a', a, aw; aa, aal\nYola: aul, aal, all, al\nOld Frisian: all\nSaterland Frisian: al, aal\nWest Frisian: al\nOld Saxon: al\nMiddle Low German: al, alle\nGerman Low German: all, alle (Münsterländisch; Sauerländisch), olle (Paderbornisch)\nOld Dutch: al, ol\nMiddle Dutch: al\nDutch: al\nAfrikaans: al\nLimburgish: al\nOld High German: al\nMiddle High German: al\nAlemannic German: älli\nGerman: all\nLuxembourgish: all\nYiddish: אַלע (ale)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "allr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: allr\nIcelandic: allur\nFaroese: allur\nNorwegian Nynorsk: all\nOld Swedish: alder, ᛆᛚᚦᚽᚱ\nSwedish: all\nDanish: al\nNorwegian Bokmål: all",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: allr\nIcelandic: allur\nFaroese: allur\nNorwegian Nynorsk: all\nOld Swedish: alder, ᛆᛚᚦᚽᚱ\nSwedish: all\nDanish: al\nNorwegian Bokmål: all"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌰𐌻𐌻𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌻𐌻𐍃 (alls)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌻𐌻𐍃 (alls)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "pre-Germanic",
      "name": "pre-Germanic"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*h₂elnós"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₂elnós",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂el-",
        "t": "beyond, other"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂el- (“beyond, other”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From pre-Germanic *h₂elnós, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂el- (“beyond, other”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "strong",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-adj",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-at",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allanǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-at",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaizōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaizōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/allaz",
  "pos": "det",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic indefinite determiners",
          "parents": [
            "Indefinite determiners",
            "Determiners",
            "Indefinite pro-forms",
            "Lemmas",
            "Pro-forms",
            "Terms by semantic function"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "81 19",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic determiners",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "all"
      ],
      "id": "allaz-gem-pro-det-XvXvA2S2",
      "links": [
        [
          "all",
          "all"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "whole, entire"
      ],
      "id": "allaz-gem-pro-det-cFBuOKRD",
      "links": [
        [
          "whole",
          "whole"
        ],
        [
          "entire",
          "entire"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɑl.lɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers",
    "Germanic parent language"
  ],
  "word": "allaz"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic determiners",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "Alamann-"
    },
    {
      "word": "alamann-"
    },
    {
      "word": "alaþeudō"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*all"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *all\nOld English: eall, æal, all; æall, eal, eæll\nMiddle English: all, al\nEnglish: all\nNorthumbrian: aal\nScots: a', a, aw; aa, aal\nYola: aul, aal, all, al\nOld Frisian: all\nSaterland Frisian: al, aal\nWest Frisian: al\nOld Saxon: al\nMiddle Low German: al, alle\nGerman Low German: all, alle (Münsterländisch; Sauerländisch), olle (Paderbornisch)\nOld Dutch: al, ol\nMiddle Dutch: al\nDutch: al\nAfrikaans: al\nLimburgish: al\nOld High German: al\nMiddle High German: al\nAlemannic German: älli\nGerman: all\nLuxembourgish: all\nYiddish: אַלע (ale)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *all\nOld English: eall, æal, all; æall, eal, eæll\nMiddle English: all, al\nEnglish: all\nNorthumbrian: aal\nScots: a', a, aw; aa, aal\nYola: aul, aal, all, al\nOld Frisian: all\nSaterland Frisian: al, aal\nWest Frisian: al\nOld Saxon: al\nMiddle Low German: al, alle\nGerman Low German: all, alle (Münsterländisch; Sauerländisch), olle (Paderbornisch)\nOld Dutch: al, ol\nMiddle Dutch: al\nDutch: al\nAfrikaans: al\nLimburgish: al\nOld High German: al\nMiddle High German: al\nAlemannic German: älli\nGerman: all\nLuxembourgish: all\nYiddish: אַלע (ale)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "allr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: allr\nIcelandic: allur\nFaroese: allur\nNorwegian Nynorsk: all\nOld Swedish: alder, ᛆᛚᚦᚽᚱ\nSwedish: all\nDanish: al\nNorwegian Bokmål: all",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: allr\nIcelandic: allur\nFaroese: allur\nNorwegian Nynorsk: all\nOld Swedish: alder, ᛆᛚᚦᚽᚱ\nSwedish: all\nDanish: al\nNorwegian Bokmål: all"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌰𐌻𐌻𐍃"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌻𐌻𐍃 (alls)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌻𐌻𐍃 (alls)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "pre-Germanic",
      "name": "pre-Germanic"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*h₂elnós"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₂elnós",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂el-",
        "t": "beyond, other"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂el- (“beyond, other”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From pre-Germanic *h₂elnós, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂el- (“beyond, other”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "strong",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-adj",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-at",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allanǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-at",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaizōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allis",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaizōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "allaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/allaz",
  "pos": "det",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic indefinite determiners"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "all"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "all",
          "all"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "whole, entire"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "whole",
          "whole"
        ],
        [
          "entire",
          "entire"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɑl.lɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers",
    "Germanic parent language"
  ],
  "word": "allaz"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.