"-mô" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See -mô in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

IPA: /mɔːː/
Etymology: From a conflation of Proto-Indo-European *-mō and *-mn̥. Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*-mō}} Proto-Indo-European *-mō, {{m|ine-pro|*-mn̥}} *-mn̥ Head templates: {{head|gem-pro|suffix|g=m}} *-mô m Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-noun|g=m}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], -mô [nominative, singular], -maniz [nominative, plural], -mô [singular, vocative], -maniz [plural, vocative], -manų [accusative, singular], -manunz [accusative, plural], -miniz [genitive, singular], -manǫ̂ [genitive, plural], -mini [dative, singular], -mammaz [dative, plural], -minē [instrumental, singular], -mammiz [instrumental, plural]
  1. (rare) -ness. Forms abstract nouns from verbs, denoting a quality, state, or instrument. Tags: masculine, morpheme, rare, reconstruction

Download JSON data for -mô meaning in Proto-Germanic (4.1kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*-mō"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *-mō\nOld Frisian: -ma\nWest Frisian: -me, -tme (literary)\nOld High German: -mo, -amo, -emo",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *-mō\nOld Frisian: -ma\nWest Frisian: -me, -tme (literary)\nOld High German: -mo, -amo, -emo"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non-oen",
            "2": "-mi"
          },
          "expansion": "Old East Norse: -mi",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old East Norse: -mi"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-oda",
            "2": "-mæ"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Danish: -mæ",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Danish: -mæ"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "-me",
            "qq": "not productive"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: -me (not productive)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: -me (not productive)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "-me"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: -me",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: -me"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "-ma",
            "qq": "not productive"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: -ma (not productive)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: -ma (not productive)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic:",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "",
            "3": "-𐌼𐌰",
            "tr": "-"
          },
          "expansion": "-𐌼𐌰",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌰𐌷𐌼𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "𐌰𐌷𐌼𐌰 (ahma)",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: -𐌼𐌰 (-ma, in 𐌰𐌷𐌼𐌰 (ahma))"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-mō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-mō",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*-mn̥"
      },
      "expansion": "*-mn̥",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From a conflation of Proto-Indo-European *-mō and *-mn̥.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "an-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-mô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-maniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-mô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-maniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-manų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-manunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-miniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-manǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-mini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-mammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-minē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-mammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "suffix",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "*-mô m",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "m"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/-mô",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with language name categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with language name categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "-ness. Forms abstract nouns from verbs, denoting a quality, state, or instrument."
      ],
      "id": "en--mô-gem-pro-suffix-w2rX41nl",
      "links": [
        [
          "-ness",
          "-ness"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(rare) -ness. Forms abstract nouns from verbs, denoting a quality, state, or instrument."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "morpheme",
        "rare",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/mɔːː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-mô"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*-mō"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *-mō\nOld Frisian: -ma\nWest Frisian: -me, -tme (literary)\nOld High German: -mo, -amo, -emo",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *-mō\nOld Frisian: -ma\nWest Frisian: -me, -tme (literary)\nOld High German: -mo, -amo, -emo"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non-oen",
            "2": "-mi"
          },
          "expansion": "Old East Norse: -mi",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old East Norse: -mi"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-oda",
            "2": "-mæ"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Danish: -mæ",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Danish: -mæ"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "-me",
            "qq": "not productive"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: -me (not productive)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: -me (not productive)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "-me"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: -me",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: -me"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "-ma",
            "qq": "not productive"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: -ma (not productive)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: -ma (not productive)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic:",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "",
            "3": "-𐌼𐌰",
            "tr": "-"
          },
          "expansion": "-𐌼𐌰",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌰𐌷𐌼𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "𐌰𐌷𐌼𐌰 (ahma)",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: -𐌼𐌰 (-ma, in 𐌰𐌷𐌼𐌰 (ahma))"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-mō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-mō",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*-mn̥"
      },
      "expansion": "*-mn̥",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From a conflation of Proto-Indo-European *-mō and *-mn̥.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-noun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "an-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-mô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-maniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-mô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-maniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-manų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-manunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-miniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-manǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-mini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-mammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-minē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-mammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "suffix",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "*-mô m",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "m"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/-mô",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic an-stem nouns",
        "Proto-Germanic entries with language name categories using raw markup",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic masculine suffixes",
        "Proto-Germanic noun-forming suffixes",
        "Proto-Germanic rare terms",
        "Proto-Germanic suffixes",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "-ness. Forms abstract nouns from verbs, denoting a quality, state, or instrument."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-ness",
          "-ness"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(rare) -ness. Forms abstract nouns from verbs, denoting a quality, state, or instrument."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "morpheme",
        "rare",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/mɔːː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-mô"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-17 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (0b52755 and 5cb0836). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.