"-atjaną" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See -atjaną in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Verb

IPA: /ɑt.jɑ.nɑ̃/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *-dyé- (verbal suffix). Cognate with Ancient Greek -άζω (-ázō). Etymology templates: {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*-dyé-|pos=verbal suffix}} Proto-Indo-European *-dyé- (verbal suffix), {{cog|grc|-άζω}} Ancient Greek -άζω (-ázō) Inflection templates: {{gem-conj-wk1-j|-at|j=j}} Forms: weak [table-tags], -atjō [active, first-person, indicative, singular], -atjaų [active, first-person, singular, subjunctive], - [active, first-person, imperative, singular], -atjai [first-person, indicative, passive, singular], - [first-person, passive, singular, subjunctive], -atisi [active, indicative, second-person, singular], -atjais [active, second-person, singular, subjunctive], -ati [active, imperative, second-person, singular], -atjasai [indicative, passive, second-person, singular], -atjaisau [passive, second-person, singular, subjunctive], -atiþi [active, indicative, singular, third-person], -atjai [active, singular, subjunctive, third-person], -atjaþau [active, imperative, singular, third-person], -atjaþai [indicative, passive, singular, third-person], -atjaiþau [passive, singular, subjunctive, third-person], -atjōs [active, dual, first-person, indicative], -atjaiw [active, dual, first-person, subjunctive], - [active, dual, first-person, imperative], - [dual, first-person, indicative, passive], - [dual, first-person, passive, subjunctive], -atjaþiz [active, dual, indicative, second-person], -atjaiþiz [active, dual, second-person, subjunctive], -atjaþiz [active, dual, imperative, second-person], - [dual, indicative, passive, second-person], - [dual, passive, second-person, subjunctive], -atjamaz [active, first-person, indicative, plural], -atjaim [active, first-person, plural, subjunctive], - [active, first-person, imperative, plural], -atjanþai [first-person, indicative, passive, plural], -atjainþau [first-person, passive, plural, subjunctive], -atiþ [active, indicative, plural, second-person], -atjaiþ [active, plural, second-person, subjunctive], -atiþ [active, imperative, plural, second-person], -atjanþai [indicative, passive, plural, second-person], -atjainþau [passive, plural, second-person, subjunctive], -atjanþi [active, indicative, plural, third-person], -atjain [active, plural, subjunctive, third-person], -atjanþau [active, imperative, plural, third-person], -atjanþai [indicative, passive, plural, third-person], -atjainþau [passive, plural, subjunctive, third-person], -astǭ [active, first-person, indicative, singular], -astēdį̄ [active, first-person, singular, subjunctive], -astēz [active, indicative, second-person, singular], -astēdīz [active, second-person, singular, subjunctive], -astē [active, indicative, singular, third-person], -astēdī [active, singular, subjunctive, third-person], -astēdū [active, dual, first-person, indicative], -astēdīw [active, dual, first-person, subjunctive], -astēdudiz [active, dual, indicative, second-person], -astēdīdiz [active, dual, second-person, subjunctive], -astēdum [active, first-person, indicative, plural], -astēdīm [active, first-person, plural, subjunctive], -astēdud [active, indicative, plural, second-person], -astēdīd [active, plural, second-person, subjunctive], -astēdun [active, indicative, plural, third-person], -astēdīn [active, plural, subjunctive, third-person], -atjandz [active, participle, present], -atidaz [active, participle, past, subjunctive]
  1. Creates verbs from nouns and adjectives, similar to -ise. Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: -atjaną-gem-pro-verb-obFDIXle
  2. Creates intensive verbs from other verbs. Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: -atjaną-gem-pro-verb-00JzTBbX
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: -atją, -itją, -utją

Download JSON data for -atjaną meaning in Proto-Germanic (9.5kB)

{
  "categories": [],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*-attjan"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *-attjan\nOld English: -ettan\nMiddle English: thouten (“to address as 'thou'”), yeten (“to address as 'ye'”) (likely); grunten (from Old English grunnettan); spouten,\nEnglish: yeet, grunt, fidget (possibly), spout, botch, haunt (via French)\nOld High German: -azzen, -ezzen\nMiddle High German: -zen, -sen\nGerman: -sen, -zen",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *-attjan\nOld English: -ettan\nMiddle English: thouten (“to address as 'thou'”), yeten (“to address as 'ye'”) (likely); grunten (from Old English grunnettan); spouten,\nEnglish: yeet, grunt, fidget (possibly), spout, botch, haunt (via French)\nOld High German: -azzen, -ezzen\nMiddle High German: -zen, -sen\nGerman: -sen, -zen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "-ta"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: -ta",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: -ta"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "-ta"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: -ta",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: -ta"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "-ta"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: -ta",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: -ta"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nn",
            "2": "-ta"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Nynorsk: -ta",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Nynorsk: -ta"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "-ta"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: -ta",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: -ta"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "-ta"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: -ta",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: -ta"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "-te"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: -te",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: -te"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "-te"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: -te",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: -te"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "-𐌰𐍄𐌾𐌰𐌽"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: -𐌰𐍄𐌾𐌰𐌽 (-atjan)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: -𐌰𐍄𐌾𐌰𐌽 (-atjan)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-dyé-",
        "pos": "verbal suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-dyé- (verbal suffix)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "-άζω"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek -άζω (-ázō)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *-dyé- (verbal suffix). Cognate with Ancient Greek -άζω (-ázō).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "weak",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-conj-wk1-j",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "1 j-present",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "passive",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atisi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjais",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ati",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjasai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaisau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "passive",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atiþi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaþau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaþai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaiþau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "passive",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "indicative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaiw",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "imperative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "passive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "passive",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaþiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaiþiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaþiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "imperative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "passive",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaim",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjanþai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjainþau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atiþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaiþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atiþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjanþai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjainþau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjanþi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjain",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjanþau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjanþai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjainþau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdį̄",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdīz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdū",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "indicative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdīw",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdudiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdīdiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdīm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdud",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdīd",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdīn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjandz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atidaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-at",
        "j": "j"
      },
      "name": "gem-conj-wk1-j"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/-atjaną",
  "pos": "verb",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "-atją"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "-itją"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "-utją"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Creates verbs from nouns and adjectives, similar to -ise."
      ],
      "id": "-atjaną-gem-pro-verb-obFDIXle",
      "links": [
        [
          "-ise",
          "-ise#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Creates intensive verbs from other verbs."
      ],
      "id": "-atjaną-gem-pro-verb-00JzTBbX",
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑt.jɑ.nɑ̃/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-atjaną"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic suffixes",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Proto-Germanic verb-forming suffixes"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*-attjan"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *-attjan\nOld English: -ettan\nMiddle English: thouten (“to address as 'thou'”), yeten (“to address as 'ye'”) (likely); grunten (from Old English grunnettan); spouten,\nEnglish: yeet, grunt, fidget (possibly), spout, botch, haunt (via French)\nOld High German: -azzen, -ezzen\nMiddle High German: -zen, -sen\nGerman: -sen, -zen",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *-attjan\nOld English: -ettan\nMiddle English: thouten (“to address as 'thou'”), yeten (“to address as 'ye'”) (likely); grunten (from Old English grunnettan); spouten,\nEnglish: yeet, grunt, fidget (possibly), spout, botch, haunt (via French)\nOld High German: -azzen, -ezzen\nMiddle High German: -zen, -sen\nGerman: -sen, -zen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "-ta"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: -ta",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: -ta"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "-ta"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: -ta",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: -ta"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "-ta"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: -ta",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: -ta"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nn",
            "2": "-ta"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Nynorsk: -ta",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Nynorsk: -ta"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "-ta"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: -ta",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: -ta"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "-ta"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: -ta",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: -ta"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "-te"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: -te",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: -te"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "-te"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: -te",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: -te"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "-𐌰𐍄𐌾𐌰𐌽"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: -𐌰𐍄𐌾𐌰𐌽 (-atjan)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: -𐌰𐍄𐌾𐌰𐌽 (-atjan)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-dyé-",
        "pos": "verbal suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-dyé- (verbal suffix)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "-άζω"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek -άζω (-ázō)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *-dyé- (verbal suffix). Cognate with Ancient Greek -άζω (-ázō).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "weak",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-conj-wk1-j",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "1 j-present",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "passive",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atisi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjais",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ati",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjasai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaisau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "passive",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atiþi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaþau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaþai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaiþau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "passive",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjōs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "indicative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaiw",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "imperative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "passive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "passive",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaþiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaiþiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaþiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "imperative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "passive",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjamaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaim",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjanþai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjainþau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atiþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjaiþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atiþ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjanþai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjainþau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjanþi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjain",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjanþau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjanþai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjainþau",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "passive",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdį̄",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdīz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdī",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdū",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "indicative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdīw",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdudiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "indicative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdīdiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "dual",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdum",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdīm",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdud",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdīd",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-astēdīn",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atjandz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atidaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "active",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-at",
        "j": "j"
      },
      "name": "gem-conj-wk1-j"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/-atjaną",
  "pos": "verb",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "-atją"
    },
    {
      "word": "-itją"
    },
    {
      "word": "-utją"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Creates verbs from nouns and adjectives, similar to -ise."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-ise",
          "-ise#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Creates intensive verbs from other verbs."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑt.jɑ.nɑ̃/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-atjaną"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.