"þat" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See þat in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Determiner

IPA: /θɑt/
Head templates: {{head|gem-pro|determiner form}} *þat
  1. nominative/accusative singular neuter of *sa Tags: accusative, form-of, neuter, nominative, reconstruction, singular Form of: sa
    Sense id: þat-gem-pro-det-2Skct5Ck

Download JSON data for þat meaning in Proto-Germanic (6.9kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*þat"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *þat",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *þat"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "þæt",
            "noalts": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: þæt\nMiddle English: that\nEnglish: that\nScots: that\nYola: at, et, thet, that, th', y'at",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: þæt\nMiddle English: that\nEnglish: that\nScots: that\nYola: at, et, thet, that, th', y'at"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "thet"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: thet",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: thet"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "dät"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: dät",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: dät"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "dat"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: dat",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: dat"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "that"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: that",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: that"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "dat"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: dat",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: dat"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds",
            "2": "dat"
          },
          "expansion": "Low German: dat",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "datt"
          },
          "expansion": "datt",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Low German: dat; datt"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "that"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: that\nMiddle Dutch: dat\nDutch: dat, het\nAfrikaans: dat\nLimburgish: det",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: that\nMiddle Dutch: dat\nDutch: dat, het\nAfrikaans: dat\nLimburgish: det"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "daz"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: daz, thaz; that, dat\nMiddle High German: daz\nAlemannic German: ds, s\nSwabian: des\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: des, 's, z\nMòcheno: s\nGerman: das, dass\nHessian: dès\nLuxembourgish: dass\nSilesian East Central German: doas\nYiddish: דאָס (dos)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: daz, thaz; that, dat\nMiddle High German: daz\nAlemannic German: ds, s\nSwabian: des\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: des, 's, z\nMòcheno: s\nGerman: das, dass\nHessian: dès\nLuxembourgish: dass\nSilesian East Central German: doas\nYiddish: דאָס (dos)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "dat"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: dat, that; daz, thaz\nMiddle High German: dat\nCentral Franconian: dat, datt\nLuxembourgish: dat, datt",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Northern Old High German: dat, that; daz, thaz\nMiddle High German: dat\nCentral Franconian: dat, datt\nLuxembourgish: dat, datt"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-pro",
            "2": "ᚦᚨᛏ",
            "3": "ᚦᛡᛏ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Norse: ᚦᚨᛏ (þat), ᚦᛡᛏ (þᴀt)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Norse: ᚦᚨᛏ (þat), ᚦᛡᛏ (þᴀt)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "þat"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: þat\nIcelandic: það\nFaroese: tað, hað\nNorn: da\nNorwegian:\nNorwegian Bokmål: det\nNorwegian Nynorsk: det, dat\nJamtish: deð, heð\nOld Swedish: þæt, þet, thæt, thet, thz\nSwedish: det, (obsolete) thet, dhet\nOld Danish: thet\nDanish: det",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: þat\nIcelandic: það\nFaroese: tað, hað\nNorn: da\nNorwegian:\nNorwegian Bokmål: det\nNorwegian Nynorsk: det, dat\nJamtish: deð, heð\nOld Swedish: þæt, þet, thæt, thet, thz\nSwedish: det, (obsolete) thet, dhet\nOld Danish: thet\nDanish: det"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌸𐌰𐍄𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌸𐌰𐍄𐌰 (þata)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌸𐌰𐍄𐌰 (þata)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*þes-"
          },
          "expansion": "*þes-",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ *þes-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": ""
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "þes"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: þes",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: þes"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "þes",
            "noalts": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: þes\nEnglish: these\nMiddle Scots: thais, thois, theis",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: þes\nEnglish: these\nMiddle Scots: thais, thois, theis"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "disse"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: disse",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: disse"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "dizze"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: dizze",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: dizze"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "these"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: these\nLow German: düsse, disse",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: these\nLow German: düsse, disse"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "these"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: these\nMiddle Dutch: dēse\nDutch: deze, dit\nLimburgish: deze",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: these\nMiddle Dutch: dēse\nDutch: deze, dit\nLimburgish: deze"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "dese",
            "3": "these"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: dese, these",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: dese, these"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cim",
            "2": "diizar",
            "alt": "diiza"
          },
          "expansion": "Cimbrian: diiza",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Cimbrian: diiza"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "dieser",
            "alt": "diese"
          },
          "expansion": "German: diese",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: diese"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "sjá",
            "id": "this"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: sjá, þessi\nIcelandic: þessi m or f, þetta n\nFaroese: hesin m, henda f, hetta n\nNorwegian Nynorsk: denne m or f (-nn- from the accusative), dette n, desse pl\nOld Swedish: þænni\nSwedish: denna c, detta n, dessa pl",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: sjá, þessi\nIcelandic: þessi m or f, þetta n\nFaroese: hesin m, henda f, hetta n\nNorwegian Nynorsk: denne m or f (-nn- from the accusative), dette n, desse pl\nOld Swedish: þænni\nSwedish: denna c, detta n, dessa pl"
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "determiner form"
      },
      "expansion": "*þat",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/þat",
  "pos": "det",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "sa"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "nominative/accusative singular neuter of *sa"
      ],
      "id": "þat-gem-pro-det-2Skct5Ck",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "form-of",
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "reconstruction",
        "singular"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/θɑt/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "þat"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*þat"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *þat",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *þat"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "þæt",
            "noalts": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: þæt\nMiddle English: that\nEnglish: that\nScots: that\nYola: at, et, thet, that, th', y'at",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: þæt\nMiddle English: that\nEnglish: that\nScots: that\nYola: at, et, thet, that, th', y'at"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "thet"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: thet",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: thet"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "dät"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: dät",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: dät"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "dat"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: dat",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: dat"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "that"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: that",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: that"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "dat"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: dat",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: dat"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds",
            "2": "dat"
          },
          "expansion": "Low German: dat",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "datt"
          },
          "expansion": "datt",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Low German: dat; datt"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "that"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: that\nMiddle Dutch: dat\nDutch: dat, het\nAfrikaans: dat\nLimburgish: det",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: that\nMiddle Dutch: dat\nDutch: dat, het\nAfrikaans: dat\nLimburgish: det"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "daz"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: daz, thaz; that, dat\nMiddle High German: daz\nAlemannic German: ds, s\nSwabian: des\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: des, 's, z\nMòcheno: s\nGerman: das, dass\nHessian: dès\nLuxembourgish: dass\nSilesian East Central German: doas\nYiddish: דאָס (dos)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: daz, thaz; that, dat\nMiddle High German: daz\nAlemannic German: ds, s\nSwabian: des\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: des, 's, z\nMòcheno: s\nGerman: das, dass\nHessian: dès\nLuxembourgish: dass\nSilesian East Central German: doas\nYiddish: דאָס (dos)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "dat"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: dat, that; daz, thaz\nMiddle High German: dat\nCentral Franconian: dat, datt\nLuxembourgish: dat, datt",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Northern Old High German: dat, that; daz, thaz\nMiddle High German: dat\nCentral Franconian: dat, datt\nLuxembourgish: dat, datt"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-pro",
            "2": "ᚦᚨᛏ",
            "3": "ᚦᛡᛏ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Norse: ᚦᚨᛏ (þat), ᚦᛡᛏ (þᴀt)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Norse: ᚦᚨᛏ (þat), ᚦᛡᛏ (þᴀt)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "þat"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: þat\nIcelandic: það\nFaroese: tað, hað\nNorn: da\nNorwegian:\nNorwegian Bokmål: det\nNorwegian Nynorsk: det, dat\nJamtish: deð, heð\nOld Swedish: þæt, þet, thæt, thet, thz\nSwedish: det, (obsolete) thet, dhet\nOld Danish: thet\nDanish: det",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: þat\nIcelandic: það\nFaroese: tað, hað\nNorn: da\nNorwegian:\nNorwegian Bokmål: det\nNorwegian Nynorsk: det, dat\nJamtish: deð, heð\nOld Swedish: þæt, þet, thæt, thet, thz\nSwedish: det, (obsolete) thet, dhet\nOld Danish: thet\nDanish: det"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌸𐌰𐍄𐌰"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌸𐌰𐍄𐌰 (þata)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌸𐌰𐍄𐌰 (þata)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gem-pro",
            "2": "",
            "3": "*þes-"
          },
          "expansion": "*þes-",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ *þes-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": ""
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "þes"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: þes",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: þes"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "þes",
            "noalts": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: þes\nEnglish: these\nMiddle Scots: thais, thois, theis",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: þes\nEnglish: these\nMiddle Scots: thais, thois, theis"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "disse"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: disse",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: disse"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "dizze"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: dizze",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: dizze"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "these"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: these\nLow German: düsse, disse",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: these\nLow German: düsse, disse"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "these"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: these\nMiddle Dutch: dēse\nDutch: deze, dit\nLimburgish: deze",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: these\nMiddle Dutch: dēse\nDutch: deze, dit\nLimburgish: deze"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "dese",
            "3": "these"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: dese, these",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: dese, these"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cim",
            "2": "diizar",
            "alt": "diiza"
          },
          "expansion": "Cimbrian: diiza",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Cimbrian: diiza"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "dieser",
            "alt": "diese"
          },
          "expansion": "German: diese",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: diese"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "sjá",
            "id": "this"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: sjá, þessi\nIcelandic: þessi m or f, þetta n\nFaroese: hesin m, henda f, hetta n\nNorwegian Nynorsk: denne m or f (-nn- from the accusative), dette n, desse pl\nOld Swedish: þænni\nSwedish: denna c, detta n, dessa pl",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: sjá, þessi\nIcelandic: þessi m or f, þetta n\nFaroese: hesin m, henda f, hetta n\nNorwegian Nynorsk: denne m or f (-nn- from the accusative), dette n, desse pl\nOld Swedish: þænni\nSwedish: denna c, detta n, dessa pl"
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "determiner form"
      },
      "expansion": "*þat",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/þat",
  "pos": "det",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic determiner forms",
        "Proto-Germanic non-lemma forms",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "sa"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "nominative/accusative singular neuter of *sa"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "form-of",
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "reconstruction",
        "singular"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/θɑt/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "þat"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.