"wałach" meaning in Polish

See wałach in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

Etymology: Borrowed from German Wallach, from Middle Low German wallache, borrowed in Prussia/Baltics from older Russian воло́х (volóx), from Proto-Slavic *vòlxъ, from Proto-Germanic *walhaz. Doublet of Włoch (“Italian”) and Wołoch (“Vlach”). Etymology templates: {{glossary|loanword|Borrowed}} Borrowed, {{bor|pl|de|Wallach|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} German Wallach, {{bor+|pl|de|Wallach}} Borrowed from German Wallach, {{der|pl|gml|wallache}} Middle Low German wallache, {{der|pl|ru|воло́х}} Russian воло́х (volóx), {{der|pl|sla-pro|*vòlxъ}} Proto-Slavic *vòlxъ, {{der|pl|gem-pro|*walhaz}} Proto-Germanic *walhaz, {{doublet|pl|Włoch|Wołoch|t1=Italian|t2=Vlach}} Doublet of Włoch (“Italian”) and Wołoch (“Vlach”) Head templates: {{pl-noun|m-an|dim=wałaszek}} wałach m anim (diminutive wałaszek) Inflection templates: {{pl-decl-noun-masc-ani|wała|ch}} Forms: wałaszek [diminutive], [table-tags], pl-decl-noun-masc-ani [inflection-template], wałach [nominative, singular], wałachy [nominative, plural], wałacha [genitive, singular], wałachów [genitive, plural], wałachowi [dative, singular], wałachom [dative, plural], wałacha [accusative, singular], wałachy [accusative, plural], wałachem [instrumental, singular], wałachami [instrumental, plural], wałachu [locative, singular], wałachach [locative, plural], wałachu [singular, vocative], wałachy [plural, vocative]
  1. gelding (castrated horse) Tags: animate, masculine Categories (lifeform): Horses, Male animals
    Sense id: wałach-pl-noun-rlxAmvKi Disambiguation of Horses: 54 23 23 Disambiguation of Male animals: 23 38 38 Related terms: wałaszy, wałaszyć
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Noun

Etymology: See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form. Etymology templates: {{nonlemma}} See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form. Head templates: {{head|pl|noun form|g=m}} wałach m
  1. locative plural of wał Tags: form-of, locative, masculine, plural Form of: wał Categories (lifeform): Male animals
    Sense id: wałach-pl-noun-767IEPjB Disambiguation of Male animals: 23 38 38
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Noun

Etymology: See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form. Etymology templates: {{nonlemma}} See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form. Head templates: {{head|pl|noun form|g=m}} wałach m
  1. locative plural of wały Tags: form-of, locative, masculine, plural Form of: wały Categories (lifeform): Male animals
    Sense id: wałach-pl-noun-EjUcrnxB Disambiguation of Male animals: 23 38 38
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Download JSON data for wałach meaning in Polish (5.9kB)

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "loanword",
        "2": "Borrowed"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "de",
        "3": "Wallach",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "German Wallach",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "de",
        "3": "Wallach"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed from German Wallach",
      "name": "bor+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "gml",
        "3": "wallache"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Low German wallache",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "ru",
        "3": "воло́х"
      },
      "expansion": "Russian воло́х (volóx)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*vòlxъ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *vòlxъ",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*walhaz"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *walhaz",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "Włoch",
        "3": "Wołoch",
        "t1": "Italian",
        "t2": "Vlach"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of Włoch (“Italian”) and Wołoch (“Vlach”)",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from German Wallach, from Middle Low German wallache, borrowed in Prussia/Baltics from older Russian воло́х (volóx), from Proto-Slavic *vòlxъ, from Proto-Germanic *walhaz. Doublet of Włoch (“Italian”) and Wołoch (“Vlach”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "wałaszek",
      "tags": [
        "diminutive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-decl-noun-masc-ani",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałach",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałacha",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachów",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachowi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachom",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałacha",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachami",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachach",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m-an",
        "dim": "wałaszek"
      },
      "expansion": "wałach m anim (diminutive wałaszek)",
      "name": "pl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "wała",
        "2": "ch"
      },
      "name": "pl-decl-noun-masc-ani"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "antonyms": [
        {
          "word": "ogier"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "54 23 23",
          "kind": "lifeform",
          "langcode": "pl",
          "name": "Horses",
          "orig": "pl:Horses",
          "parents": [
            "Equids",
            "List of sets",
            "Livestock",
            "Odd-toed ungulates",
            "All sets",
            "Agriculture",
            "Animals",
            "Mammals",
            "Fundamental",
            "Applied sciences",
            "Lifeforms",
            "Vertebrates",
            "Sciences",
            "Nature",
            "Chordates",
            "All topics"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 38 38",
          "kind": "lifeform",
          "langcode": "pl",
          "name": "Male animals",
          "orig": "pl:Male animals",
          "parents": [
            "Animals",
            "List of sets",
            "Male",
            "Lifeforms",
            "All sets",
            "Gender",
            "Nature",
            "Fundamental",
            "Mind",
            "All topics",
            "Body"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "gelding (castrated horse)"
      ],
      "id": "wałach-pl-noun-rlxAmvKi",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "gelding (castrated horse)"
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "wałaszy"
        },
        {
          "word": "wałaszyć"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "animate",
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "wałach"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.",
      "name": "nonlemma"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "noun form",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "wałach m",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "23 38 38",
          "kind": "lifeform",
          "langcode": "pl",
          "name": "Male animals",
          "orig": "pl:Male animals",
          "parents": [
            "Animals",
            "List of sets",
            "Male",
            "Lifeforms",
            "All sets",
            "Gender",
            "Nature",
            "Fundamental",
            "Mind",
            "All topics",
            "Body"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "wał"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "locative plural of wał"
      ],
      "id": "wałach-pl-noun-767IEPjB",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "locative plural of wał"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "locative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "wałach"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.",
      "name": "nonlemma"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "noun form",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "wałach m",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "23 38 38",
          "kind": "lifeform",
          "langcode": "pl",
          "name": "Male animals",
          "orig": "pl:Male animals",
          "parents": [
            "Animals",
            "List of sets",
            "Male",
            "Lifeforms",
            "All sets",
            "Gender",
            "Nature",
            "Fundamental",
            "Mind",
            "All topics",
            "Body"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "wały"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "locative plural of wały"
      ],
      "id": "wałach-pl-noun-EjUcrnxB",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "locative plural of wały"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "locative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "wałach"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Polish animate nouns",
    "Polish doublets",
    "Polish lemmas",
    "Polish masculine nouns",
    "Polish non-lemma forms",
    "Polish noun forms",
    "Polish nouns",
    "Polish terms borrowed from German",
    "Polish terms derived from German",
    "Polish terms derived from Middle Low German",
    "Polish terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "Polish terms derived from Proto-Slavic",
    "Polish terms derived from Russian",
    "pl:Horses",
    "pl:Male animals"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "loanword",
        "2": "Borrowed"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "de",
        "3": "Wallach",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "German Wallach",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "de",
        "3": "Wallach"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed from German Wallach",
      "name": "bor+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "gml",
        "3": "wallache"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Low German wallache",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "ru",
        "3": "воло́х"
      },
      "expansion": "Russian воло́х (volóx)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*vòlxъ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *vòlxъ",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*walhaz"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *walhaz",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "Włoch",
        "3": "Wołoch",
        "t1": "Italian",
        "t2": "Vlach"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of Włoch (“Italian”) and Wołoch (“Vlach”)",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from German Wallach, from Middle Low German wallache, borrowed in Prussia/Baltics from older Russian воло́х (volóx), from Proto-Slavic *vòlxъ, from Proto-Germanic *walhaz. Doublet of Włoch (“Italian”) and Wołoch (“Vlach”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "wałaszek",
      "tags": [
        "diminutive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-decl-noun-masc-ani",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałach",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałacha",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachów",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachowi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachom",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałacha",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachami",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachach",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wałachy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m-an",
        "dim": "wałaszek"
      },
      "expansion": "wałach m anim (diminutive wałaszek)",
      "name": "pl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "wała",
        "2": "ch"
      },
      "name": "pl-decl-noun-masc-ani"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "wałaszy"
    },
    {
      "word": "wałaszyć"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "antonyms": [
        {
          "word": "ogier"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "gelding (castrated horse)"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "gelding (castrated horse)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "animate",
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "wałach"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Polish non-lemma forms",
    "Polish noun forms",
    "pl:Horses",
    "pl:Male animals"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.",
      "name": "nonlemma"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "noun form",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "wałach m",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "wał"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "locative plural of wał"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "locative plural of wał"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "locative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "wałach"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Polish non-lemma forms",
    "Polish noun forms",
    "pl:Horses",
    "pl:Male animals"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.",
      "name": "nonlemma"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "noun form",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "wałach m",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "wały"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "locative plural of wały"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "locative plural of wały"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "locative",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "wałach"
}
{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "wałach"
  ],
  "section": "Polish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "wałach",
  "trace": null
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "wałach"
  ],
  "section": "Polish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "wałach",
  "trace": null
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "wałach"
  ],
  "section": "Polish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "wałach",
  "trace": null
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "wałach"
  ],
  "section": "Polish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "wałach",
  "trace": null
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "wałach"
  ],
  "section": "Polish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "wałach",
  "trace": null
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "wałach"
  ],
  "section": "Polish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "wałach",
  "trace": null
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "wałach"
  ],
  "section": "Polish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "wałach",
  "trace": null
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "wałach"
  ],
  "section": "Polish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "wałach",
  "trace": null
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "wałach"
  ],
  "section": "Polish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "wałach",
  "trace": null
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "wałach"
  ],
  "section": "Polish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "wałach",
  "trace": null
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "wałach"
  ],
  "section": "Polish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "wałach",
  "trace": null
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "wałach"
  ],
  "section": "Polish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "wałach",
  "trace": null
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "wałach"
  ],
  "section": "Polish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "wałach",
  "trace": null
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "wałach"
  ],
  "section": "Polish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "wałach",
  "trace": null
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "wałach"
  ],
  "section": "Polish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "wałach",
  "trace": null
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Polish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2022-12-05 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2022-12-01 using wiktextract.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.

The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.