"-twa" meaning in Polish

See -twa in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

IPA: /tfa/
Rhymes: -a Etymology: Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-tva, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *-twāˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *-tweh₂. Cognate with Czech -tva. Etymology templates: {{glossary|Inherited}} Inherited, {{inh|pl|sla-pro|*-tva|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Proto-Slavic *-tva, {{inh+|pl|sla-pro|*-tva}} Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-tva, {{inh|pl|ine-bsl-pro|*-twāˀ}} Proto-Balto-Slavic *-twāˀ, {{inh|pl|ine-pro|*-tweh₂}} Proto-Indo-European *-tweh₂, {{cog|cs|-tva}} Czech -tva Head templates: {{head|pl|suffix|g=f}} -twa f Inflection templates: {{pl-decl-noun-f}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], -twa [nominative, singular], -twy [nominative, plural], -twy [genitive, singular], -tw [genitive, plural], -twie [dative, singular], -twom [dative, plural], -twę [accusative, singular], -twy [accusative, plural], -twą [instrumental, singular], -twami [instrumental, plural], -twie [locative, singular], -twach [locative, plural], -two [singular, vocative], -twy [plural, vocative]
  1. (not productive) forms abstract nouns or nouns of place Tags: feminine, idiomatic, morpheme

Download JSONL data for -twa meaning in Polish (3.4kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-tva",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *-tva",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-tva"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-tva",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "ine-bsl-pro",
        "3": "*-twāˀ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Balto-Slavic *-twāˀ",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-tweh₂"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-tweh₂",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cs",
        "2": "-tva"
      },
      "expansion": "Czech -tva",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-tva, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *-twāˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *-tweh₂. Cognate with Czech -tva.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-decl-noun-f",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twa",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tw",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twie",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twom",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twę",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twą",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twami",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twie",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twach",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-two",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "-twa f",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "twa"
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "pl-decl-noun-f"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish links with manual fragments",
          "parents": [
            "Links with manual fragments",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish links with redundant alt parameters",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant alt parameters",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish links with redundant wikilinks",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant wikilinks",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "paść + -twa → pastwa",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "modlić + -twa → modlitwa",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms abstract nouns or nouns of place"
      ],
      "id": "en--twa-pl-suffix-J~6p31RH",
      "links": [
        [
          "productive",
          "productive"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(not productive) forms abstract nouns or nouns of place"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "idiomatic",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/tfa/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-a"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-twa"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-tva",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *-tva",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-tva"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-tva",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "ine-bsl-pro",
        "3": "*-twāˀ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Balto-Slavic *-twāˀ",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-tweh₂"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-tweh₂",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cs",
        "2": "-tva"
      },
      "expansion": "Czech -tva",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-tva, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *-twāˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *-tweh₂. Cognate with Czech -tva.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-decl-noun-f",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twa",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tw",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twie",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twom",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twę",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twą",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twami",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twie",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twach",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-two",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-twy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "-twa f",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "twa"
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "pl-decl-noun-f"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Polish 1-syllable words",
        "Polish entries with incorrect language header",
        "Polish feminine suffixes",
        "Polish lemmas",
        "Polish links with manual fragments",
        "Polish links with redundant alt parameters",
        "Polish links with redundant wikilinks",
        "Polish suffixes",
        "Polish terms derived from Proto-Balto-Slavic",
        "Polish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Polish terms derived from Proto-Slavic",
        "Polish terms inherited from Proto-Balto-Slavic",
        "Polish terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Polish terms inherited from Proto-Slavic",
        "Polish terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Rhymes:Polish/a",
        "Rhymes:Polish/a/1 syllable"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "paść + -twa → pastwa",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "modlić + -twa → modlitwa",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms abstract nouns or nouns of place"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "productive",
          "productive"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(not productive) forms abstract nouns or nouns of place"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "idiomatic",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/tfa/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-a"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-twa"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Polish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (f8674bc and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.