"-ð" meaning in Old Norse

See in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

Etymology: From Proto-Germanic *-iþō, from Proto-Indo-European *-(i)teh₂. Same as English -th. Etymology templates: {{inh|non|gem-pro|*-iþō}} Proto-Germanic *-iþō, {{inh|non|ine-pro|*-teh₂|*-(i)teh₂}} Proto-Indo-European *-(i)teh₂, {{cog|en|-th}} English -th Head templates: {{head|non|suffix}} -ð Inflection templates: {{non-decl-f-i|-ð|-ð|-ð}}, {{non-decl-blank-full|apd=-ðirnar|api=-ðir|asd=-ðina|asi=-ð|dpd=-ðunum|dpi=-ðum|dsd=-ðinni|dsi=-ð|g=feminine|gpd=-ðanna|gpi=-ða|gsd=-ðarinnar|gsi=-ðar|notes=|npd=-ðirnar|npi=-ðir|nsd=-ðin|nsi=-ð|stem=strong i-stem|title=-ð}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ð|nsi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ðin|nsd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ðir|npi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ðirnar|npd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ð|asi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ðina|asd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ðir|api}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ðirnar|apd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ð|dsi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ðinni|dsd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ðum|dpi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ðunum|dpd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ðar|gsi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ðarinnar|gsd}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ða|gpi}}, {{non-decl-cell|-ðanna|gpd}} Forms: strong [table-tags], [indefinite, nominative, singular], -ðin [definite, nominative, singular], -ðir [indefinite, nominative, plural], -ðirnar [definite, nominative, plural], [accusative, indefinite, singular], -ðina [accusative, definite, singular], -ðir [accusative, indefinite, plural], -ðirnar [accusative, definite, plural], [dative, indefinite, singular], -ðinni [dative, definite, singular], -ðum [dative, indefinite, plural], -ðunum [dative, definite, plural], -ðar [genitive, indefinite, singular], -ðarinnar [definite, genitive, singular], -ða [genitive, indefinite, plural], -ðanna [definite, genitive, plural]
  1. -ness, -th Forms abstract nouns from verbs, adjectives or other nouns. Tags: morpheme Synonyms: -d, -t
    Sense id: en--ð-non-suffix-zzAW-gsZ Categories (other): Old Norse entries with incorrect language header

Download JSON data for -ð meaning in Old Norse (4.9kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "-ð",
            "3": "-d",
            "4": "-t"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: -ð, -d, -t",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: -ð, -d, -t"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "-d"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: -d",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: -d"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "-d"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: -d",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: -d"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "-de"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: -de",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: -de"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "-de",
            "3": "-d"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: -de, -d",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: -de, -d"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-iþō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-iþō",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-teh₂",
        "4": "*-(i)teh₂"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-(i)teh₂",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "-th"
      },
      "expansion": "English -th",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Germanic *-iþō, from Proto-Indo-European *-(i)teh₂. Same as English -th.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "strong",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "non-decl-f-i",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "i-stem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ð",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðin",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðir",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðirnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ð",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðina",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðir",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðirnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ð",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðinni",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðunum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðarinnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ða",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðanna",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-ð",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ð",
        "2": "-ð",
        "3": "-ð"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-f-i"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "apd": "-ðirnar",
        "api": "-ðir",
        "asd": "-ðina",
        "asi": "-ð",
        "dpd": "-ðunum",
        "dpi": "-ðum",
        "dsd": "-ðinni",
        "dsi": "-ð",
        "g": "feminine",
        "gpd": "-ðanna",
        "gpi": "-ða",
        "gsd": "-ðarinnar",
        "gsi": "-ðar",
        "notes": "",
        "npd": "-ðirnar",
        "npi": "-ðir",
        "nsd": "-ðin",
        "nsi": "-ð",
        "stem": "strong i-stem",
        "title": "-ð"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-blank-full"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ð",
        "2": "nsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðin",
        "2": "nsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðir",
        "2": "npi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðirnar",
        "2": "npd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ð",
        "2": "asi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðina",
        "2": "asd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðir",
        "2": "api"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðirnar",
        "2": "apd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ð",
        "2": "dsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðinni",
        "2": "dsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðum",
        "2": "dpi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðunum",
        "2": "dpd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðar",
        "2": "gsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðarinnar",
        "2": "gsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ða",
        "2": "gpi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðanna",
        "2": "gpd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Norse entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "-ness, -th Forms abstract nouns from verbs, adjectives or other nouns."
      ],
      "id": "en--ð-non-suffix-zzAW-gsZ",
      "links": [
        [
          "-ness",
          "-ness"
        ],
        [
          "-th",
          "-th"
        ],
        [
          "nouns",
          "nouns#English"
        ],
        [
          "verbs",
          "verbs#English"
        ],
        [
          "adjectives",
          "adjectives#English"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-d"
        },
        {
          "word": "-t"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ð"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "-ð",
            "3": "-d",
            "4": "-t"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: -ð, -d, -t",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: -ð, -d, -t"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "-d"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: -d",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: -d"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "-d"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: -d",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: -d"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "-de"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: -de",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: -de"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "-de",
            "3": "-d"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: -de, -d",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: -de, -d"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-iþō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-iþō",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-teh₂",
        "4": "*-(i)teh₂"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-(i)teh₂",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "-th"
      },
      "expansion": "English -th",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Germanic *-iþō, from Proto-Indo-European *-(i)teh₂. Same as English -th.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "strong",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "non-decl-f-i",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "i-stem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ð",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðin",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðir",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðirnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ð",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðina",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðir",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðirnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ð",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðinni",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðunum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðarinnar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ða",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ðanna",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-ð",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ð",
        "2": "-ð",
        "3": "-ð"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-f-i"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "apd": "-ðirnar",
        "api": "-ðir",
        "asd": "-ðina",
        "asi": "-ð",
        "dpd": "-ðunum",
        "dpi": "-ðum",
        "dsd": "-ðinni",
        "dsi": "-ð",
        "g": "feminine",
        "gpd": "-ðanna",
        "gpi": "-ða",
        "gsd": "-ðarinnar",
        "gsi": "-ðar",
        "notes": "",
        "npd": "-ðirnar",
        "npi": "-ðir",
        "nsd": "-ðin",
        "nsi": "-ð",
        "stem": "strong i-stem",
        "title": "-ð"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-blank-full"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ð",
        "2": "nsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðin",
        "2": "nsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðir",
        "2": "npi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðirnar",
        "2": "npd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ð",
        "2": "asi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðina",
        "2": "asd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðir",
        "2": "api"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðirnar",
        "2": "apd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ð",
        "2": "dsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðinni",
        "2": "dsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðum",
        "2": "dpi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðunum",
        "2": "dpd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðar",
        "2": "gsi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðarinnar",
        "2": "gsd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ða",
        "2": "gpi"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ðanna",
        "2": "gpd"
      },
      "name": "non-decl-cell"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Norse entries with incorrect language header",
        "Old Norse feminine i-stem nouns",
        "Old Norse lemmas",
        "Old Norse suffixes",
        "Old Norse terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
        "Old Norse terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Old Norse terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
        "Old Norse terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "-ness, -th Forms abstract nouns from verbs, adjectives or other nouns."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-ness",
          "-ness"
        ],
        [
          "-th",
          "-th"
        ],
        [
          "nouns",
          "nouns#English"
        ],
        [
          "verbs",
          "verbs#English"
        ],
        [
          "adjectives",
          "adjectives#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "-d"
    },
    {
      "word": "-t"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ð"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Norse dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-21 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-06-06 using wiktextract (6c02f21 and 0136956). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.