"sruth" meaning in Old Irish

See sruth in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /sruθ/
Etymology: From Proto-Celtic *srutom, from Proto-Indo-European *srew- (“flow, stream”). Cognate with Welsh ffrwd and maybe the Gaulish hydronym Phroudis. Etymology templates: {{root|sga|ine-pro|*srew-}}, {{der|sga|cel-pro|*srutom}} Proto-Celtic *srutom, {{der|sga|ine-pro|*srew-||flow, stream}} Proto-Indo-European *srew- (“flow, stream”), {{cog|cy|ffrwd}} Welsh ffrwd Head templates: {{head|sga|noun|||genitive|srotho|||||||nominative plural|srotha||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=n|g2=m|g3=|head=|sort=}} sruth n or m (genitive srotho, nominative plural srotha), {{sga-noun|n|srotho|srotha|g2=m}} sruth n or m (genitive srotho, nominative plural srotha) Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-u|sroth}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=sruth+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=srothu|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=sruth+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=u-m|dat_du=srothaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=srothaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=sruth+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=srotho|gen_du2=srotha|gen_du3=|gen_du4=|gen_pl=srothae+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_sg=srotho+H|gen_sg2=srotha+H|gen_sg3=|gen_sg4=|n=|nom_du=sruth+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=srothae|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_pl4=|nom_sg=sruth|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=sruth+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=srothu|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=sruth|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}} Forms: srotho [genitive], srotha [nominative, plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], sruth [nominative, singular], sruth [dual, nominative], srothae [nominative, plural], sruth [singular, vocative], sruth [dual, vocative], srothu [plural, vocative], sruth [accusative, singular], sruth [accusative, dual], srothu [accusative, plural], srotho [genitive, singular], srotha [genitive, singular], srotho [dual, genitive], srotha [dual, genitive], srothae [genitive, plural], sruth [dative, singular], srothaib [dative, dual], srothaib [dative, plural]
  1. stream, river, current Tags: masculine, neuter
    Sense id: en-sruth-sga-noun-LKokIDz6
  2. strait, stream, current (of sea) Tags: masculine, neuter Categories (place): Bodies of water
    Sense id: en-sruth-sga-noun-twlXcxUr Disambiguation of Bodies of water: 29 42 29
  3. foray, sortie, attack Tags: masculine, neuter
    Sense id: en-sruth-sga-noun-Qsju15A2 Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Irish entries with incorrect language header: 8 35 57
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: sruthach, srothach, sruthán, srothán

Download JSONL data for sruth meaning in Old Irish (5.6kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "sruthach"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "srothach"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "sruthán"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "srothán"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "sruth"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: sruth",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: sruth"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "stroo"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: stroo",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: stroo"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "sruth"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: sruth",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: sruth"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*srew-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*srutom"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *srutom",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*srew-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "flow, stream"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *srew- (“flow, stream”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "ffrwd"
      },
      "expansion": "Welsh ffrwd",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *srutom, from Proto-Indo-European *srew- (“flow, stream”). Cognate with Welsh ffrwd and maybe the Gaulish hydronym Phroudis.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "srotho",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srotha",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-u",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Masculine u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sruth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sruth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srothae",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sruth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sruth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srothu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sruth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sruth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srothu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srotho",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srotha",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srotho",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srotha",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srothae",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sruth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srothaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srothaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "nominative plural",
        "14": "srotha",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "genitive",
        "6": "srotho",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "n",
        "g2": "m",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "sruth n or m (genitive srotho, nominative plural srotha)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "n",
        "2": "srotho",
        "3": "srotha",
        "g2": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "sruth n or m (genitive srotho, nominative plural srotha)",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sroth"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-u"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "sruth+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "srothu",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "sruth+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "u-m",
        "dat_du": "srothaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "srothaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "sruth+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "srotho",
        "gen_du2": "srotha",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_du4": "",
        "gen_pl": "srothae+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_sg": "srotho+H",
        "gen_sg2": "srotha+H",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "gen_sg4": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "sruth+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "srothae",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_pl4": "",
        "nom_sg": "sruth",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "sruth+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "srothu",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "sruth",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "stream, river, current"
      ],
      "id": "en-sruth-sga-noun-LKokIDz6",
      "links": [
        [
          "stream",
          "stream"
        ],
        [
          "river",
          "river"
        ],
        [
          "current",
          "current"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "neuter"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "29 42 29",
          "kind": "place",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Bodies of water",
          "orig": "sga:Bodies of water",
          "parents": [
            "Landforms",
            "Water",
            "Earth",
            "Places",
            "Liquids",
            "Nature",
            "Names",
            "Matter",
            "All topics",
            "Proper nouns",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Chemistry",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nouns",
            "Sciences",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "strait, stream, current (of sea)"
      ],
      "id": "en-sruth-sga-noun-twlXcxUr",
      "links": [
        [
          "strait",
          "strait"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "neuter"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "8 35 57",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "foray, sortie, attack"
      ],
      "id": "en-sruth-sga-noun-Qsju15A2",
      "links": [
        [
          "foray",
          "foray"
        ],
        [
          "sortie",
          "sortie"
        ],
        [
          "attack",
          "attack"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/sruθ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "sruth"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish masculine nouns",
    "Old Irish masculine u-stem nouns",
    "Old Irish neuter nouns",
    "Old Irish nouns",
    "Old Irish nouns with multiple genders",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Old Irish terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *srew-",
    "Old Irish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "gd-noun 2",
    "gd:Bodies of water",
    "gd:Landforms",
    "sga:Bodies of water"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "sruthach"
    },
    {
      "word": "srothach"
    },
    {
      "word": "sruthán"
    },
    {
      "word": "srothán"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "sruth"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: sruth",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: sruth"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "stroo"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: stroo",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: stroo"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "sruth"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: sruth",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: sruth"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*srew-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*srutom"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *srutom",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*srew-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "flow, stream"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *srew- (“flow, stream”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "ffrwd"
      },
      "expansion": "Welsh ffrwd",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *srutom, from Proto-Indo-European *srew- (“flow, stream”). Cognate with Welsh ffrwd and maybe the Gaulish hydronym Phroudis.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "srotho",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srotha",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-u",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Masculine u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sruth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sruth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srothae",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sruth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sruth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srothu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sruth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sruth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srothu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srotho",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srotha",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srotho",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srotha",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srothae",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sruth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srothaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "srothaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "nominative plural",
        "14": "srotha",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "genitive",
        "6": "srotho",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "n",
        "g2": "m",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "sruth n or m (genitive srotho, nominative plural srotha)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "n",
        "2": "srotho",
        "3": "srotha",
        "g2": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "sruth n or m (genitive srotho, nominative plural srotha)",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sroth"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-u"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "sruth+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "srothu",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "sruth+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "u-m",
        "dat_du": "srothaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "srothaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "sruth+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "srotho",
        "gen_du2": "srotha",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_du4": "",
        "gen_pl": "srothae+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_sg": "srotho+H",
        "gen_sg2": "srotha+H",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "gen_sg4": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "sruth+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "srothae",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_pl4": "",
        "nom_sg": "sruth",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "sruth+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "srothu",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "sruth",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "stream, river, current"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "stream",
          "stream"
        ],
        [
          "river",
          "river"
        ],
        [
          "current",
          "current"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "neuter"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "strait, stream, current (of sea)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "strait",
          "strait"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "neuter"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "foray, sortie, attack"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "foray",
          "foray"
        ],
        [
          "sortie",
          "sortie"
        ],
        [
          "attack",
          "attack"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/sruθ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "sruth"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "sruth"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "sruth",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (f8674bc and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.