"spirut" meaning in Old Irish

See spirut in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: [ˈspʲirud]
Etymology: Borrowed from Latin spīritus. Etymology templates: {{bor|sga|la|spīritus}} Latin spīritus Head templates: {{head|sga|noun||||{{{2}}}||||||||{{{3}}}||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} spirut m, {{sga-noun|m}} spirut m Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-u-masc|gen_sg2=spirito|gen_sg3=spi(u)rto|nom_pl=spiruta}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=spirut+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=spirutu|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=spirut+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=u-m|dat_du=spirutaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=spirutaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=spirut+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=spiruto|gen_du2=spirito|gen_du3=spi(u)rto|gen_du4=|gen_pl=spirutae+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_sg=spiruto+H|gen_sg2=spirito+H|gen_sg3=spi(u)rto|gen_sg4=|n=|nom_du=spirut+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=spiruta|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_pl4=|nom_sg=spirut|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=spirut+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=spirutu|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=spirut|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], spirut [nominative, singular], spirut [dual, nominative], spiruta [nominative, plural], spirut [singular, vocative], spirut [dual, vocative], spirutu [plural, vocative], spirut [accusative, singular], spirut [accusative, dual], spirutu [accusative, plural], spiruto [genitive, singular], spirito [genitive, singular], spirto [genitive, singular], spiurto [genitive, singular], spiruto [dual, genitive], spirito [dual, genitive], spirto [dual, genitive], spiurto [dual, genitive], spirutae [genitive, plural], spirut [dative, singular], spirutaib [dative, dual], spirutaib [dative, plural]
  1. spirit, incorporeal being, angel Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-spirut-sga-noun-IbQ5amwd
  2. ghost, apparition Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-spirut-sga-noun-mQzUWi1K Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Irish entries with incorrect language header: 7 50 4 31 7
  3. spirit, soul Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-spirut-sga-noun-pOqDo28B
  4. spirit, influence, inspiration Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-spirut-sga-noun-PjhZ488c
  5. vital spirit, life Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-spirut-sga-noun-xEaV~fdQ
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: spiurt Derived forms: spirtálde, spirtide, spirutálta, Spirut Nóeb (english: the Holy Spirit)

Download JSONL data for spirut meaning in Old Irish (6.5kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "spirtálde"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "spirtide"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "spirutálta"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "english": "the Holy Spirit",
      "word": "Spirut Nóeb"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "mga",
            "2": "spirat"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Irish: spirat",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Irish: spirat"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "spiorad"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: spiorad",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: spiorad"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "spyrryd"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: spyrryd",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: spyrryd"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "spiorad"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: spiorad",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: spiorad"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "spīritus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin spīritus",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin spīritus.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-u-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Masculine u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spiruta",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirutu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirutu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spiruto",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirito",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirto",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spiurto",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spiruto",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirito",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirto",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spiurto",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirutae",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirutaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirutaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "spirut m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "spirut m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "gen_sg2": "spirito",
        "gen_sg3": "spi(u)rto",
        "nom_pl": "spiruta"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-u-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "spirut+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "spirutu",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "spirut+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "u-m",
        "dat_du": "spirutaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "spirutaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "spirut+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "spiruto",
        "gen_du2": "spirito",
        "gen_du3": "spi(u)rto",
        "gen_du4": "",
        "gen_pl": "spirutae+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_sg": "spiruto+H",
        "gen_sg2": "spirito+H",
        "gen_sg3": "spi(u)rto",
        "gen_sg4": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "spirut+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "spiruta",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_pl4": "",
        "nom_sg": "spirut",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "spirut+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "spirutu",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "spirut",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "spirit, incorporeal being, angel"
      ],
      "id": "en-spirut-sga-noun-IbQ5amwd",
      "links": [
        [
          "spirit",
          "spirit"
        ],
        [
          "incorporeal",
          "incorporeal"
        ],
        [
          "angel",
          "angel"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "7 50 4 31 7",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "ghost, apparition"
      ],
      "id": "en-spirut-sga-noun-mQzUWi1K",
      "links": [
        [
          "ghost",
          "ghost"
        ],
        [
          "apparition",
          "apparition"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "So it is then that the spirit helps our weakness when we have the same desire, i.e. body and soul and spirit. This, then, is the right way to pray, but we cannot do that unless the spirit inspire it. Thus then our way of praying is feeble if they be present things which we ask for, and the spirit does not help us with this. Then the spirit helps when we pray for glory for our body and for our soul after resurrection.",
          "text": "Is and didiu for·téit spiritus ar n-énirti-ni in tain bes n-inun accobor lenn .i. la corp et anim et la spirut. Coir irnigde trá in so, act ní chumcam-ni ón, mani thinib in spirut. I⟨s⟩ samlid trá is lobur ar n-irnigde-ni, mat réte frecndirci gesme, et nín·fortéit-ni in spirut oc suidiu. Is hed didiu for·théit in spirut, in tain guidme-ni inducbáil diar corp et diar n-animm iar n-esséirgiu.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "english": "The spirit brings the body to life now.",
          "text": "Béoigidir in spirut in corp in fecht so.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "spirit, soul"
      ],
      "id": "en-spirut-sga-noun-pOqDo28B",
      "links": [
        [
          "soul",
          "soul"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "spirit, influence, inspiration"
      ],
      "id": "en-spirut-sga-noun-PjhZ488c",
      "links": [
        [
          "influence",
          "influence"
        ],
        [
          "inspiration",
          "inspiration"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "vital spirit, life"
      ],
      "id": "en-spirut-sga-noun-xEaV~fdQ",
      "links": [
        [
          "life",
          "life"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈspʲirud]"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "spiurt"
    }
  ],
  "word": "spirut"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish masculine nouns",
    "Old Irish masculine u-stem nouns",
    "Old Irish nouns",
    "Old Irish terms borrowed from Latin",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Latin",
    "Old Irish terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "spirtálde"
    },
    {
      "word": "spirtide"
    },
    {
      "word": "spirutálta"
    },
    {
      "english": "the Holy Spirit",
      "word": "Spirut Nóeb"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "mga",
            "2": "spirat"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Irish: spirat",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Irish: spirat"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "spiorad"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: spiorad",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: spiorad"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "spyrryd"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: spyrryd",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: spyrryd"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "spiorad"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: spiorad",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: spiorad"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "spīritus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin spīritus",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin spīritus.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-u-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Masculine u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spiruta",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirutu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirutu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spiruto",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirito",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirto",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spiurto",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spiruto",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirito",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirto",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spiurto",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirutae",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirutaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spirutaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "spirut m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "spirut m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "gen_sg2": "spirito",
        "gen_sg3": "spi(u)rto",
        "nom_pl": "spiruta"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-u-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "spirut+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "spirutu",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "spirut+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "u-m",
        "dat_du": "spirutaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "spirutaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "spirut+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "spiruto",
        "gen_du2": "spirito",
        "gen_du3": "spi(u)rto",
        "gen_du4": "",
        "gen_pl": "spirutae+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_sg": "spiruto+H",
        "gen_sg2": "spirito+H",
        "gen_sg3": "spi(u)rto",
        "gen_sg4": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "spirut+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "spiruta",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_pl4": "",
        "nom_sg": "spirut",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "spirut+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "spirutu",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "spirut",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "spirit, incorporeal being, angel"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "spirit",
          "spirit"
        ],
        [
          "incorporeal",
          "incorporeal"
        ],
        [
          "angel",
          "angel"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "ghost, apparition"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "ghost",
          "ghost"
        ],
        [
          "apparition",
          "apparition"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Irish terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "So it is then that the spirit helps our weakness when we have the same desire, i.e. body and soul and spirit. This, then, is the right way to pray, but we cannot do that unless the spirit inspire it. Thus then our way of praying is feeble if they be present things which we ask for, and the spirit does not help us with this. Then the spirit helps when we pray for glory for our body and for our soul after resurrection.",
          "text": "Is and didiu for·téit spiritus ar n-énirti-ni in tain bes n-inun accobor lenn .i. la corp et anim et la spirut. Coir irnigde trá in so, act ní chumcam-ni ón, mani thinib in spirut. I⟨s⟩ samlid trá is lobur ar n-irnigde-ni, mat réte frecndirci gesme, et nín·fortéit-ni in spirut oc suidiu. Is hed didiu for·théit in spirut, in tain guidme-ni inducbáil diar corp et diar n-animm iar n-esséirgiu.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "english": "The spirit brings the body to life now.",
          "text": "Béoigidir in spirut in corp in fecht so.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "spirit, soul"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "soul",
          "soul"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "spirit, influence, inspiration"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "influence",
          "influence"
        ],
        [
          "inspiration",
          "inspiration"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "vital spirit, life"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "life",
          "life"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈspʲirud]"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "spiurt"
    }
  ],
  "word": "spirut"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "spirut"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "spirut",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-20 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (2f2df25 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.