"sál" meaning in Old Irish

See sál in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /saːl/
Etymology: table From Proto-Celtic *sālos (whence Welsh hâl (“salty water”)), from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂ls. Akin to Latin sal and English salt. Etymology templates: {{etymid|sga|salt water}} table, {{inh|sga|cel-pro|*sālos}} Proto-Celtic *sālos, {{cog|cy|hâl|t=salty water}} Welsh hâl (“salty water”), {{inh|sga|ine-pro|*séh₂ls}} Proto-Indo-European *séh₂ls, {{cog|la|sal}} Latin sal, {{cog|en|salt}} English salt Head templates: {{head|sga|noun||||{{{2}}}||||||||{{{3}}}||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} sál m, {{sga-noun|m}} sál m Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-o-masc|sáil|n=s}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=sál+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=sálu+H|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=sál+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=o-m|dat_du=sálaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=sálaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=sál+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=sál|gen_du2=|gen_du3=|gen_pl=sál+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_pl4=|gen_sg=sáil+L|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=s|nom_du=sál+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=sáil+L|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=sál|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=sál+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=sálu+H|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=sáil|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], sál [masculine, nominative, singular, stem], - [dual, masculine, nominative, stem], - [masculine, nominative, plural, stem], sáil [masculine, singular, stem, vocative], - [dual, masculine, stem, vocative], - [masculine, plural, stem, vocative], sál [accusative, masculine, singular, stem], - [accusative, dual, masculine, stem], - [accusative, masculine, plural, stem], sáil [genitive, masculine, singular, stem], - [dual, genitive, masculine, stem], - [genitive, masculine, plural, stem], sál [dative, masculine, singular, stem], - [dative, dual, masculine, stem], - [dative, masculine, plural, stem]
  1. salt water, brine, seawater Tags: masculine Categories (topical): Water
    Sense id: en-sál-sga-noun-njiN-KHN Disambiguation of Water: 85 13 2
  2. (poetic, by extension) sea, ocean Tags: broadly, masculine, poetic
    Sense id: en-sál-sga-noun-9~iFvwXM
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Categories (topical): Body Synonyms: sáile
Etymology number: 1 Disambiguation of Body: 0 0 0

Noun

IPA: /saːl/
Etymology: table From Proto-Celtic *stātlā (compare Welsh sawdl), from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (“to stand”). Etymology templates: {{etymid|sga|heel}} table, {{root|sga|ine-pro|*steh₂-}}, {{inh|sga|cel-pro|*stātlā}} Proto-Celtic *stātlā, {{cog|cy|sawdl}} Welsh sawdl, {{der|sga|ine-pro|*steh₂-|t=to stand}} Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (“to stand”) Head templates: {{head|sga|noun||||{{{2}}}||||||||{{{3}}}||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=f|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} sál f, {{sga-noun|f}} sál f Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-a-fem|sáil}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=sáil+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=sála+H|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=sáil+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=ā-f|dat_du=sálaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=sálaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=sáil+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=sál+L|gen_du2=|gen_du3=|gen_pl=sál+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_sg=sáile+H|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=|nom_du=sáil+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=sála+H|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=sál+L|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=sáil+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=sála+H|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=sál+L|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}}, {{sga-mutation|s|ál}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], sál [nominative, singular], sáil [dual, nominative], sála [nominative, plural], sál [singular, vocative], sáil [dual, vocative], sála [plural, vocative], sáil [accusative, singular], sáil [accusative, dual], sála [accusative, plural], sáile [genitive, singular], sál [dual, genitive], sál [genitive, plural], sáil [dative, singular], sálaib [dative, dual], sálaib [dative, plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], sál [mutation, mutation-radical], ṡál [mutation, mutation-nasal]
  1. heel Tags: feminine Derived forms: sál tre assa (english: tonsure; heel through the shoe) [literally]
    Sense id: en-sál-sga-noun-ruEu68rI
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Categories (topical): Body
Etymology number: 2 Disambiguation of Body: 0 0 0

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSONL data for sál meaning in Old Irish (9.8kB)

{
  "categories": [
    {
      "_dis": "0 0 0",
      "kind": "topical",
      "langcode": "sga",
      "name": "Body",
      "orig": "sga:Body",
      "parents": [
        "Human",
        "All topics",
        "Fundamental"
      ],
      "source": "w+disamb"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "sáile"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: sáile",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: sáile"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "sàl"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: sàl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: sàl"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "salt water"
      },
      "expansion": "table",
      "name": "etymid"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*sālos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *sālos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "hâl",
        "t": "salty water"
      },
      "expansion": "Welsh hâl (“salty water”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*séh₂ls"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *séh₂ls",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "sal"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin sal",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "salt"
      },
      "expansion": "English salt",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "table\nFrom Proto-Celtic *sālos (whence Welsh hâl (“salty water”)), from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂ls. Akin to Latin sal and English salt.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sál",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sáil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sál",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sáil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sál",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "sál m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "sál m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sáil",
        "n": "s"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "sál+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "sálu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "sál+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "sálaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "sálaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "sál+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "sál",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "sál+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "sáil+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "s",
        "nom_du": "sál+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "sáil+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "sál",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "sál+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "sálu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "sáil",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "85 13 2",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Water",
          "orig": "sga:Water",
          "parents": [
            "Liquids",
            "Matter",
            "Chemistry",
            "Nature",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "salt water, brine, seawater"
      ],
      "id": "en-sál-sga-noun-njiN-KHN",
      "links": [
        [
          "salt water",
          "salt water"
        ],
        [
          "brine",
          "brine"
        ],
        [
          "seawater",
          "seawater"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "sea-rock i.e. rock of the sea",
          "text": "sáil-onn .i. cloch sáil",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "sea, ocean"
      ],
      "id": "en-sál-sga-noun-9~iFvwXM",
      "links": [
        [
          "poetic",
          "poetic"
        ],
        [
          "sea",
          "sea"
        ],
        [
          "ocean",
          "ocean"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(poetic, by extension) sea, ocean"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "broadly",
        "masculine",
        "poetic"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/saːl/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "sáile"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "sál"
}

{
  "categories": [
    {
      "_dis": "0 0 0",
      "kind": "topical",
      "langcode": "sga",
      "name": "Body",
      "orig": "sga:Body",
      "parents": [
        "Human",
        "All topics",
        "Fundamental"
      ],
      "source": "w+disamb"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "sáil"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: sáil",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: sáil"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "saayl"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: saayl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: saayl"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "sàil"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: sàil",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: sàil"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "heel"
      },
      "expansion": "table",
      "name": "etymid"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*steh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*stātlā"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *stātlā",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "sawdl"
      },
      "expansion": "Welsh sawdl",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*steh₂-",
        "t": "to stand"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (“to stand”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "table\nFrom Proto-Celtic *stātlā (compare Welsh sawdl), from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (“to stand”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-a-fem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ā-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Feminine ā-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sál",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sáil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sála",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sál",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sáil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sála",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sáil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sáil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sála",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sáile",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sál",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sál",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sáil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sálaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sálaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sál",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ṡál",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "f",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "sál f",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "sál f",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sáil"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-a-fem"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "sáil+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "sála+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "sáil+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "ā-f",
        "dat_du": "sálaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "sálaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "sáil+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "sál+L",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "sál+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_sg": "sáile+H",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "sáil+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "sála+H",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "sál+L",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "sáil+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "sála+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "sál+L",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "s",
        "2": "ál"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "derived": [
        {
          "english": "tonsure; heel through the shoe",
          "tags": [
            "literally"
          ],
          "word": "sál tre assa"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "sál ― (glosses Latin calx)",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "heel"
      ],
      "id": "en-sál-sga-noun-ruEu68rI",
      "links": [
        [
          "heel",
          "heel"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/saːl/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "sál"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish feminine nouns",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish masculine nouns",
    "Old Irish masculine o-stem nouns",
    "Old Irish nouns",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Old Irish terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *steh₂-",
    "Old Irish terms inherited from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Old Irish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Old Irish uncountable nouns",
    "Old Irish ā-stem nouns",
    "sga:Body",
    "sga:Water"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "sáile"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: sáile",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: sáile"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "sàl"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: sàl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: sàl"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "salt water"
      },
      "expansion": "table",
      "name": "etymid"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*sālos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *sālos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "hâl",
        "t": "salty water"
      },
      "expansion": "Welsh hâl (“salty water”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*séh₂ls"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *séh₂ls",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "sal"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin sal",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "salt"
      },
      "expansion": "English salt",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "table\nFrom Proto-Celtic *sālos (whence Welsh hâl (“salty water”)), from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂ls. Akin to Latin sal and English salt.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sál",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sáil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sál",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sáil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sál",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "sál m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "sál m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sáil",
        "n": "s"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "sál+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "sálu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "sál+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "sálaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "sálaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "sál+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "sál",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "sál+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "sáil+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "s",
        "nom_du": "sál+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "sáil+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "sál",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "sál+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "sálu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "sáil",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "salt water, brine, seawater"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "salt water",
          "salt water"
        ],
        [
          "brine",
          "brine"
        ],
        [
          "seawater",
          "seawater"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Irish poetic terms",
        "Old Irish terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "sea-rock i.e. rock of the sea",
          "text": "sáil-onn .i. cloch sáil",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "sea, ocean"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "poetic",
          "poetic"
        ],
        [
          "sea",
          "sea"
        ],
        [
          "ocean",
          "ocean"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(poetic, by extension) sea, ocean"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "broadly",
        "masculine",
        "poetic"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/saːl/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "sáile"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "sál"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish feminine nouns",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish nouns",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Old Irish terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *steh₂-",
    "Old Irish terms inherited from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Old Irish ā-stem nouns",
    "sga:Body",
    "sga:Water"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "english": "tonsure; heel through the shoe",
      "tags": [
        "literally"
      ],
      "word": "sál tre assa"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "sáil"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: sáil",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: sáil"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "saayl"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: saayl",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: saayl"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "sàil"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: sàil",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: sàil"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "heel"
      },
      "expansion": "table",
      "name": "etymid"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*steh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*stātlā"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *stātlā",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "sawdl"
      },
      "expansion": "Welsh sawdl",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*steh₂-",
        "t": "to stand"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (“to stand”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "table\nFrom Proto-Celtic *stātlā (compare Welsh sawdl), from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (“to stand”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-a-fem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ā-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Feminine ā-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sál",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sáil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sála",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sál",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sáil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sála",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sáil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sáil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sála",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sáile",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sál",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sál",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sáil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sálaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sálaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sál",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ṡál",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "f",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "sál f",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "sál f",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sáil"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-a-fem"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "sáil+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "sála+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "sáil+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "ā-f",
        "dat_du": "sálaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "sálaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "sáil+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "sál+L",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "sál+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_sg": "sáile+H",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "sáil+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "sála+H",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "sál+L",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "sáil+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "sála+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "sál+L",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "s",
        "2": "ál"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Irish terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "sál ― (glosses Latin calx)",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "heel"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "heel",
          "heel"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/saːl/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "sál"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "sál"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "sál",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "sál"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "sál",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-20 using wiktextract (0af6c06 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.