"muinél" meaning in Old Irish

See muinél in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

Etymology: From Proto-Celtic *moniklos, cognate with Welsh mwnwgl), derived from Proto-Celtic *monis (from which Middle Irish muin (“neck, nape”) and Welsh mŵn (“neck”)), from Proto-Indo-European *mon-i- (“neck”). Related to Sanskrit मन्या (mányā-, “neck”), Latin monīle (“necklace”), and English mane. Perhaps ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *men- (“to stand out”). Etymology templates: {{inh|sga|cel-pro|*moniklos}} Proto-Celtic *moniklos, {{cog|cy|mwnwgl}} Welsh mwnwgl, {{der|sga|cel-pro|*monis}} Proto-Celtic *monis, {{cog|mga|muin||neck, nape}} Middle Irish muin (“neck, nape”), {{cog|cy|mŵn||neck}} Welsh mŵn (“neck”), {{der|sga|ine-pro|*mon-i-||neck}} Proto-Indo-European *mon-i- (“neck”), {{cog|sa|मन्या|t=neck|tr=mányā-}} Sanskrit मन्या (mányā-, “neck”), {{cog|la|monile|monīle|necklace}} Latin monīle (“necklace”), {{cog|en|mane}} English mane, {{der|sga|ine-pro|*men-||to stand out|id=stand out}} Proto-Indo-European *men- (“to stand out”) Head templates: {{head|sga|noun||||{{{2}}}||||||||{{{3}}}||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} muinél m, {{sga-noun|m}} muinél m Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-o-masc|muiniúil|acc_pl=*muinéolu|dat_sg=muinéol}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=muinél+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=*muinéolu+H|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=muinél+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=o-m|dat_du=muinélaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=muinélaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=muinéol+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=muinél|gen_du2=|gen_du3=|gen_pl=muinél+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_pl4=|gen_sg=muiniúil+L|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=|nom_du=muinél+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=muiniúil+L|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=muinél|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=muinél+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=*muinéolu+H|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=muiniúil|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], muinél [masculine, nominative, singular, stem], muinél [dual, masculine, nominative, stem], muiniúil [masculine, nominative, plural, stem], muiniúil [masculine, singular, stem, vocative], muinél [dual, masculine, stem, vocative], muinéolu [masculine, plural, stem, vocative], muinél [accusative, masculine, singular, stem], muinél [accusative, dual, masculine, stem], muinéolu [accusative, masculine, plural, stem], muiniúil [genitive, masculine, singular, stem], muinél [dual, genitive, masculine, stem], muinél [genitive, masculine, plural, stem], muinéol [dative, masculine, singular, stem], muinélaib [dative, dual, masculine, stem], muinélaib [dative, masculine, plural, stem]
  1. (anatomy) neck Tags: masculine Categories (topical): Anatomy, Head and neck
    Sense id: en-muinél-sga-noun-8UiW2N6d Disambiguation of Head and neck: 85 15 Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Irish entries with incorrect language header: 84 16 Topics: anatomy, medicine, sciences
  2. neck, narrow part (of objects) Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-muinél-sga-noun-ef~nZRij

Download JSONL data for muinél meaning in Old Irish (6.2kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "muineál"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: muineál",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: muineál"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "mwannal"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: mwannal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: mwannal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "muineal"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: muineal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: muineal"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*moniklos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *moniklos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "mwnwgl"
      },
      "expansion": "Welsh mwnwgl",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*monis"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *monis",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "muin",
        "3": "",
        "4": "neck, nape"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Irish muin (“neck, nape”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "mŵn",
        "3": "",
        "4": "neck"
      },
      "expansion": "Welsh mŵn (“neck”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*mon-i-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "neck"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *mon-i- (“neck”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "मन्या",
        "t": "neck",
        "tr": "mányā-"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit मन्या (mányā-, “neck”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "monile",
        "3": "monīle",
        "4": "necklace"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin monīle (“necklace”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "mane"
      },
      "expansion": "English mane",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*men-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to stand out",
        "id": "stand out"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *men- (“to stand out”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *moniklos, cognate with Welsh mwnwgl), derived from Proto-Celtic *monis (from which Middle Irish muin (“neck, nape”) and Welsh mŵn (“neck”)), from Proto-Indo-European *mon-i- (“neck”). Related to Sanskrit मन्या (mányā-, “neck”), Latin monīle (“necklace”), and English mane. Perhaps ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *men- (“to stand out”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinél",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinél",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muiniúil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muiniúil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinél",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinéolu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinél",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinél",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinéolu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muiniúil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinél",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinél",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinéol",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinélaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinélaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "muinél m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "muinél m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "muiniúil",
        "acc_pl": "*muinéolu",
        "dat_sg": "muinéol"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "muinél+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "*muinéolu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "muinél+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "muinélaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "muinélaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "muinéol+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "muinél",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "muinél+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "muiniúil+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "muinél+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "muiniúil+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "muinél",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "muinél+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "*muinéolu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "muiniúil",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Anatomy",
          "orig": "sga:Anatomy",
          "parents": [
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "84 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "85 15",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Head and neck",
          "orig": "sga:Head and neck",
          "parents": [
            "Body parts",
            "Body",
            "Anatomy",
            "Human",
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "All topics",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "neck"
      ],
      "id": "en-muinél-sga-noun-8UiW2N6d",
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "neck",
          "neck"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) neck"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "neck, narrow part (of objects)"
      ],
      "id": "en-muinél-sga-noun-ef~nZRij",
      "links": [
        [
          "narrow",
          "narrow"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "muinél"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish masculine nouns",
    "Old Irish masculine o-stem nouns",
    "Old Irish nouns",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Old Irish terms inherited from Proto-Celtic",
    "sga:Head and neck"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "muineál"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: muineál",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: muineál"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "mwannal"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: mwannal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: mwannal"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "muineal"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: muineal",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: muineal"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*moniklos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *moniklos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "mwnwgl"
      },
      "expansion": "Welsh mwnwgl",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*monis"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *monis",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "muin",
        "3": "",
        "4": "neck, nape"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Irish muin (“neck, nape”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "mŵn",
        "3": "",
        "4": "neck"
      },
      "expansion": "Welsh mŵn (“neck”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*mon-i-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "neck"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *mon-i- (“neck”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "मन्या",
        "t": "neck",
        "tr": "mányā-"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit मन्या (mányā-, “neck”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "monile",
        "3": "monīle",
        "4": "necklace"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin monīle (“necklace”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "mane"
      },
      "expansion": "English mane",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*men-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to stand out",
        "id": "stand out"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *men- (“to stand out”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *moniklos, cognate with Welsh mwnwgl), derived from Proto-Celtic *monis (from which Middle Irish muin (“neck, nape”) and Welsh mŵn (“neck”)), from Proto-Indo-European *mon-i- (“neck”). Related to Sanskrit मन्या (mányā-, “neck”), Latin monīle (“necklace”), and English mane. Perhaps ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *men- (“to stand out”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinél",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinél",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muiniúil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muiniúil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinél",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinéolu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinél",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinél",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinéolu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muiniúil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinél",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinél",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinéol",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinélaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "muinélaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "muinél m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "muinél m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "muiniúil",
        "acc_pl": "*muinéolu",
        "dat_sg": "muinéol"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "muinél+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "*muinéolu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "muinél+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "muinélaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "muinélaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "muinéol+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "muinél",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "muinél+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "muiniúil+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "muinél+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "muiniúil+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "muinél",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "muinél+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "*muinéolu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "muiniúil",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "sga:Anatomy"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "neck"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "neck",
          "neck"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) neck"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "neck, narrow part (of objects)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "narrow",
          "narrow"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "muinél"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "muinél"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "muinél",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-20 using wiktextract (0af6c06 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.