"lon" meaning in Old Irish

See lon in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: [l͈on]
Etymology: According to Stokes, from Proto-Celtic *lux-no-, from Proto-Indo-European *lewk- (“to shine”). Etymology templates: {{der|sga|cel-pro||*lux-no-}} Proto-Celtic *lux-no-, {{der|sga|ine-pro|*lewk-|t=to shine}} Proto-Indo-European *lewk- (“to shine”) Head templates: {{head|sga|noun||||{{{2}}}||||||||{{{3}}}||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} lon m, {{sga-noun|m}} lon m Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-o-masc|luin|acc_pl=lunu|dat_sg=lun}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=lon+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=lunu+H|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=lon+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=o-m|dat_du=lonaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=lonaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=lun+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=lon|gen_du2=|gen_du3=|gen_pl=lon+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_pl4=|gen_sg=luin+L|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=|nom_du=lon+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=luin+L|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=lon|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=lon+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=lunu+H|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=luin|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}}, {{sga-mutation|l|on}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], lon [masculine, nominative, singular, stem], lon [dual, masculine, nominative, stem], luin [masculine, nominative, plural, stem], luin [masculine, singular, stem, vocative], lon [dual, masculine, stem, vocative], lunu [masculine, plural, stem, vocative], lon [accusative, masculine, singular, stem], lon [accusative, dual, masculine, stem], lunu [accusative, masculine, plural, stem], luin [genitive, masculine, singular, stem], lon [dual, genitive, masculine, stem], lon [genitive, masculine, plural, stem], lun [dative, masculine, singular, stem], lonaib [dative, dual, masculine, stem], lonaib [dative, masculine, plural, stem], no-table-tags [table-tags], lon [mutation, mutation-radical], also llon after a proclitic [mutation, mutation-radical], ending in a vowel [mutation, mutation-radical], lon [mutation, mutation-nasal]
  1. blackbird (Turdus merula) Tags: masculine Categories (lifeform): Perching birds
    Sense id: en-lon-sga-noun-06R3lt92 Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header

Download JSONL data for lon meaning in Old Irish (5.1kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "lon",
            "3": "lon dubh"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: lon, lon dubh",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: lon, lon dubh"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "lhondoo",
            "3": "lhonnag"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: lhondoo, lhonnag",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: lhondoo, lhonnag"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "lon",
            "3": "lon-dubh"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: lon, lon-dubh",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: lon, lon-dubh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*lux-no-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *lux-no-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*lewk-",
        "t": "to shine"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *lewk- (“to shine”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "According to Stokes, from Proto-Celtic *lux-no-, from Proto-Indo-European *lewk- (“to shine”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lon",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lon",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "luin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "luin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lon",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lunu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lon",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lon",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lunu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "luin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lon",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lon",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lonaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lonaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lon",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "also llon after a proclitic",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ending in a vowel",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lon",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "lon m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "lon m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "luin",
        "acc_pl": "lunu",
        "dat_sg": "lun"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "lon+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "lunu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "lon+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "lonaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "lonaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "lun+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "lon",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "lon+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "luin+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "lon+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "luin+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "lon",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "lon+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "lunu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "luin",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "l",
        "2": "on"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "lifeform",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Perching birds",
          "orig": "sga:Perching birds",
          "parents": [
            "Birds",
            "Vertebrates",
            "Chordates",
            "Animals",
            "Lifeforms",
            "All topics",
            "Life",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nature"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "blackbird (Turdus merula)"
      ],
      "id": "en-lon-sga-noun-06R3lt92",
      "links": [
        [
          "blackbird",
          "blackbird"
        ],
        [
          "Turdus merula",
          "Turdus merula#Translingual"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[l͈on]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lon"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "lon",
            "3": "lon dubh"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: lon, lon dubh",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: lon, lon dubh"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "lhondoo",
            "3": "lhonnag"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: lhondoo, lhonnag",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: lhondoo, lhonnag"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "lon",
            "3": "lon-dubh"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: lon, lon-dubh",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: lon, lon-dubh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*lux-no-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *lux-no-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*lewk-",
        "t": "to shine"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *lewk- (“to shine”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "According to Stokes, from Proto-Celtic *lux-no-, from Proto-Indo-European *lewk- (“to shine”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lon",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lon",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "luin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "luin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lon",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lunu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lon",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lon",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lunu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "luin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lon",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lon",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lun",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lonaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lonaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lon",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "also llon after a proclitic",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ending in a vowel",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lon",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "lon m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "lon m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "luin",
        "acc_pl": "lunu",
        "dat_sg": "lun"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "lon+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "lunu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "lon+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "lonaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "lonaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "lun+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "lon",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "lon+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "luin+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "lon+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "luin+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "lon",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "lon+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "lunu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "luin",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "l",
        "2": "on"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
        "Old Irish lemmas",
        "Old Irish masculine nouns",
        "Old Irish masculine o-stem nouns",
        "Old Irish nouns",
        "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
        "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Old Irish terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "sga:Perching birds"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "blackbird (Turdus merula)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "blackbird",
          "blackbird"
        ],
        [
          "Turdus merula",
          "Turdus merula#Translingual"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[l͈on]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lon"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "lon"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "lon",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-20 using wiktextract (0af6c06 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.