"cin" meaning in Old Irish

See cin in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈkʲin/
Etymology: From Proto-Celtic *kʷinuts, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷey- (“to pay, avenge”). Etymology templates: {{inh|sga|cel-pro|*kʷinuts}} Proto-Celtic *kʷinuts, {{der|sga|ine-pro|*kʷey-|t=to pay, avenge}} Proto-Indo-European *kʷey- (“to pay, avenge”) Head templates: {{head|sga|noun||||{{{2}}}||||||||{{{3}}}||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} cin m, {{sga-noun|m}} cin m Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-t&d|t|cinaid|cinad|cint|a|g=m}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=cinaid+L|acc_du2=cin|acc_du3=|acc_du4=|acc_pl=cinta|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=cinaid+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=t-m|dat_du=cintaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=cintaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=cinaid+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=cinad|gen_du2=|gen_du3=|gen_pl=cinad+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_sg=cinad|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=|nom_du=cinaid+L|nom_du2=cin|nom_du3=|nom_du4=|nom_pl=cinaid|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=cin|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=cinaid+L|voc_du2=cin|voc_du3=|voc_du4=|voc_pl=cinta|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=cin|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}}, {{sga-mutation|c|in}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], cin [nominative, singular], cinaid [dual, nominative], cin [dual, nominative], cinaid [nominative, plural], cin [singular, vocative], cinaid [dual, vocative], cin [dual, vocative], cinta [plural, vocative], cinaid [accusative, singular], cinaid [accusative, dual], cin [accusative, dual], cinta [accusative, plural], cinad [genitive, singular], cinad [dual, genitive], cinad [genitive, plural], cinaid [dative, singular], cintaib [dative, dual], cintaib [dative, plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], cin [mutation, mutation-radical], chin [mutation, mutation-nasal], cin [mutation]
  1. fault, guilt Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-cin-sga-noun-p0bDBSFU Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Irish entries with incorrect language header: 75 25
  2. sin, crime Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-cin-sga-noun-4pkAudmt

Download JSONL data for cin meaning in Old Irish (4.4kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*kʷinuts"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *kʷinuts",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*kʷey-",
        "t": "to pay, avenge"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *kʷey- (“to pay, avenge”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *kʷinuts, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷey- (“to pay, avenge”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-t&d",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "t-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Masculine t-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinaid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinaid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinaid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinta",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinaid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinaid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinta",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinad",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinad",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinad",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinaid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cintaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cintaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cin",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "chin",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cin",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "cin m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "cin m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "t",
        "2": "cinaid",
        "3": "cinad",
        "4": "cint",
        "5": "a",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-t&d"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "cinaid+L",
        "acc_du2": "cin",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_du4": "",
        "acc_pl": "cinta",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "cinaid+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "t-m",
        "dat_du": "cintaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "cintaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "cinaid+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "cinad",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "cinad+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_sg": "cinad",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "cinaid+L",
        "nom_du2": "cin",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_du4": "",
        "nom_pl": "cinaid",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "cin",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "cinaid+L",
        "voc_du2": "cin",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_du4": "",
        "voc_pl": "cinta",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "cin",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "c",
        "2": "in"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "75 25",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "fault, guilt"
      ],
      "id": "en-cin-sga-noun-p0bDBSFU",
      "links": [
        [
          "fault",
          "fault"
        ],
        [
          "guilt",
          "guilt"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "sin, crime"
      ],
      "id": "en-cin-sga-noun-4pkAudmt",
      "links": [
        [
          "sin",
          "sin"
        ],
        [
          "crime",
          "crime"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈkʲin/"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "cin"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish masculine nouns",
    "Old Irish nouns",
    "Old Irish t-stem nouns",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Old Irish terms inherited from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*kʷinuts"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *kʷinuts",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*kʷey-",
        "t": "to pay, avenge"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *kʷey- (“to pay, avenge”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *kʷinuts, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷey- (“to pay, avenge”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-t&d",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "t-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Masculine t-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinaid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinaid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinaid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinta",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinaid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinaid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cin",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinta",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinad",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinad",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinad",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cinaid",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cintaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cintaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cin",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "chin",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cin",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "cin m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "cin m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "t",
        "2": "cinaid",
        "3": "cinad",
        "4": "cint",
        "5": "a",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-t&d"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "cinaid+L",
        "acc_du2": "cin",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_du4": "",
        "acc_pl": "cinta",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "cinaid+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "t-m",
        "dat_du": "cintaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "cintaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "cinaid+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "cinad",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "cinad+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_sg": "cinad",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "cinaid+L",
        "nom_du2": "cin",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_du4": "",
        "nom_pl": "cinaid",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "cin",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "cinaid+L",
        "voc_du2": "cin",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_du4": "",
        "voc_pl": "cinta",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "cin",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "c",
        "2": "in"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "fault, guilt"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "fault",
          "fault"
        ],
        [
          "guilt",
          "guilt"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "sin, crime"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "sin",
          "sin"
        ],
        [
          "crime",
          "crime"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈkʲin/"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "cin"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "cin"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "cin",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-20 using wiktextract (0af6c06 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.