"bolg" meaning in Old Irish

See bolg in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /bolɡ/
Etymology: From Proto-Celtic *bolgos (“belly”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰelǵʰ- (“to swell”). Etymology templates: {{root|sga|ine-pro|*bʰelǵʰ-}}, {{inh|sga|cel-pro|*bolgos||belly}} Proto-Celtic *bolgos (“belly”), {{der|sga|ine-pro|*bʰelǵʰ-||to swell}} Proto-Indo-European *bʰelǵʰ- (“to swell”) Head templates: {{head|sga|noun|||genitive|builg|||||||nominative plural|builg||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} bolg m (genitive builg, nominative plural builg), {{sga-noun|m|builg|builg}} bolg m (genitive builg, nominative plural builg) Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-o-masc|builg}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=bolg+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=bolgu+H|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=bolg+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=o-m|dat_du=bolgaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=bolgaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=bolg+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=bolg|gen_du2=|gen_du3=|gen_pl=bolg+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_pl4=|gen_sg=builg+L|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=|nom_du=bolg+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=builg+L|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=bolg|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=bolg+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=bolgu+H|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=builg|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}} Forms: builg [genitive], builg [nominative, plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], bolg [masculine, nominative, singular, stem], bolg [dual, masculine, nominative, stem], builg [masculine, nominative, plural, stem], builg [masculine, singular, stem, vocative], bolg [dual, masculine, stem, vocative], bolgu [masculine, plural, stem, vocative], bolg [accusative, masculine, singular, stem], bolg [accusative, dual, masculine, stem], bolgu [accusative, masculine, plural, stem], builg [genitive, masculine, singular, stem], bolg [dual, genitive, masculine, stem], bolg [genitive, masculine, plural, stem], bolg [dative, masculine, singular, stem], bolgaib [dative, dual, masculine, stem], bolgaib [dative, masculine, plural, stem]
  1. belly, stomach Tags: masculine Categories (topical): Body parts
    Sense id: en-bolg-sga-noun-qCdXhdhE Disambiguation of Body parts: 11 11 26 28 11 11
  2. bag, satchel Tags: masculine Categories (topical): Body parts
    Sense id: en-bolg-sga-noun-Uj4smRHD Disambiguation of Body parts: 11 11 26 28 11 11
  3. bellows Tags: masculine Categories (topical): Body parts
    Sense id: en-bolg-sga-noun-cdSkyZ6J Disambiguation of Body parts: 11 11 26 28 11 11
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: bolc Derived forms: airbolg
Etymology number: 1

Noun

IPA: /bolɡ/
Head templates: {{head|sga|noun|||genitive unattested||||||||nominative plural|bolga||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=f|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} bolg f (genitive unattested, nominative plural bolga), {{sga-noun|f|?|bolga}} bolg f (genitive unattested, nominative plural bolga) Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-a-fem|builg}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=builg+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=bolga+H|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=builg+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=ā-f|dat_du=bolgaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=bolgaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=builg+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=bolg+L|gen_du2=|gen_du3=|gen_pl=bolg+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_sg=builge+H|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=|nom_du=builg+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=bolga+H|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=bolg+L|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=builg+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=bolga+H|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=bolg+L|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}}, {{sga-mutation|b|olg}} Forms: bolga [nominative, plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], bolg [nominative, singular], builg [dual, nominative], bolga [nominative, plural], bolg [singular, vocative], builg [dual, vocative], bolga [plural, vocative], builg [accusative, singular], builg [accusative, dual], bolga [accusative, plural], builge [genitive, singular], bolg [dual, genitive], bolg [genitive, plural], builg [dative, singular], bolgaib [dative, dual], bolgaib [dative, plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], bolg [mutation, mutation-radical], bolg [mutation, mutation-nasal], mbolg [mutation]
  1. blister, bubble, puffball Tags: feminine, no-genitive Categories (topical): Body parts
    Sense id: en-bolg-sga-noun-90IL7uDf Disambiguation of Body parts: 11 11 26 28 11 11
  2. bud Tags: feminine, no-genitive Categories (topical): Body parts
    Sense id: en-bolg-sga-noun-6zVIVq3j Disambiguation of Body parts: 11 11 26 28 11 11
  3. boss Tags: feminine, no-genitive Categories (topical): Body parts
    Sense id: en-bolg-sga-noun-pefAAkQ3 Disambiguation of Body parts: 11 11 26 28 11 11
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: bolc
Etymology number: 2

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSONL data for bolg meaning in Old Irish (10.3kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "airbolg"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "bolg"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: bolg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: bolg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "bolg"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: bolg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: bolg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "bolgan"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: bolgan",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: bolgan"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "mga",
            "2": "saigetbolc",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Middle Irish: saigetbolc",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Middle Irish: saigetbolc"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰelǵʰ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*bolgos",
        "4": "",
        "5": "belly"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *bolgos (“belly”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰelǵʰ-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to swell"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰelǵʰ- (“to swell”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *bolgos (“belly”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰelǵʰ- (“to swell”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolgu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolgu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolgaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolgaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "nominative plural",
        "14": "builg",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "genitive",
        "6": "builg",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "bolg m (genitive builg, nominative plural builg)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "2": "builg",
        "3": "builg"
      },
      "expansion": "bolg m (genitive builg, nominative plural builg)",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "builg"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "bolg+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "bolgu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "bolg+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "bolgaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "bolgaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "bolg+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "bolg",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "bolg+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "builg+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "bolg+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "builg+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "bolg",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "bolg+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "bolgu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "builg",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "11 11 26 28 11 11",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Body parts",
          "orig": "sga:Body parts",
          "parents": [
            "Body",
            "Anatomy",
            "Human",
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "All topics",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "belly, stomach"
      ],
      "id": "en-bolg-sga-noun-qCdXhdhE",
      "links": [
        [
          "belly",
          "belly"
        ],
        [
          "stomach",
          "stomach"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "11 11 26 28 11 11",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Body parts",
          "orig": "sga:Body parts",
          "parents": [
            "Body",
            "Anatomy",
            "Human",
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "All topics",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "bag, satchel"
      ],
      "id": "en-bolg-sga-noun-Uj4smRHD",
      "links": [
        [
          "bag",
          "bag"
        ],
        [
          "satchel",
          "satchel"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "11 11 26 28 11 11",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Body parts",
          "orig": "sga:Body parts",
          "parents": [
            "Body",
            "Anatomy",
            "Human",
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "All topics",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "bellows"
      ],
      "id": "en-bolg-sga-noun-cdSkyZ6J",
      "links": [
        [
          "bellows",
          "bellows"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/bolɡ/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "bolc"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bolg"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "bolga",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-a-fem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ā-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Feminine ā-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolga",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolga",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolga",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builge",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolgaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolgaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mbolg",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "nominative plural",
        "14": "bolga",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "genitive unattested",
        "6": "",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "f",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "bolg f (genitive unattested, nominative plural bolga)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "f",
        "2": "?",
        "3": "bolga"
      },
      "expansion": "bolg f (genitive unattested, nominative plural bolga)",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "builg"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-a-fem"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "builg+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "bolga+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "builg+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "ā-f",
        "dat_du": "bolgaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "bolgaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "builg+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "bolg+L",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "bolg+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_sg": "builge+H",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "builg+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "bolga+H",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "bolg+L",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "builg+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "bolga+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "bolg+L",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "b",
        "2": "olg"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "11 11 26 28 11 11",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Body parts",
          "orig": "sga:Body parts",
          "parents": [
            "Body",
            "Anatomy",
            "Human",
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "All topics",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "blister, bubble, puffball"
      ],
      "id": "en-bolg-sga-noun-90IL7uDf",
      "links": [
        [
          "blister",
          "blister"
        ],
        [
          "bubble",
          "bubble"
        ],
        [
          "puffball",
          "puffball"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "no-genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "11 11 26 28 11 11",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Body parts",
          "orig": "sga:Body parts",
          "parents": [
            "Body",
            "Anatomy",
            "Human",
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "All topics",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "bud"
      ],
      "id": "en-bolg-sga-noun-6zVIVq3j",
      "links": [
        [
          "bud",
          "bud"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "no-genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "11 11 26 28 11 11",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Body parts",
          "orig": "sga:Body parts",
          "parents": [
            "Body",
            "Anatomy",
            "Human",
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "All topics",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "boss"
      ],
      "id": "en-bolg-sga-noun-pefAAkQ3",
      "links": [
        [
          "boss",
          "boss"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "no-genitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/bolɡ/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "bolc"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bolg"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish feminine nouns",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish masculine nouns",
    "Old Irish masculine o-stem nouns",
    "Old Irish nouns",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Old Irish terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *bʰelǵʰ-",
    "Old Irish terms inherited from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Old Irish ā-stem nouns",
    "sga:Body parts"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "airbolg"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "bolg"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: bolg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: bolg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "bolg"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: bolg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: bolg"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "bolgan"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: bolgan",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: bolgan"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "mga",
            "2": "saigetbolc",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Middle Irish: saigetbolc",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Middle Irish: saigetbolc"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰelǵʰ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*bolgos",
        "4": "",
        "5": "belly"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *bolgos (“belly”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰelǵʰ-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to swell"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰelǵʰ- (“to swell”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *bolgos (“belly”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰelǵʰ- (“to swell”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolgu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolgu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolgaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolgaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "nominative plural",
        "14": "builg",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "genitive",
        "6": "builg",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "bolg m (genitive builg, nominative plural builg)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "2": "builg",
        "3": "builg"
      },
      "expansion": "bolg m (genitive builg, nominative plural builg)",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "builg"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "bolg+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "bolgu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "bolg+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "bolgaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "bolgaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "bolg+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "bolg",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "bolg+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "builg+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "bolg+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "builg+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "bolg",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "bolg+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "bolgu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "builg",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "belly, stomach"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "belly",
          "belly"
        ],
        [
          "stomach",
          "stomach"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "bag, satchel"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "bag",
          "bag"
        ],
        [
          "satchel",
          "satchel"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "bellows"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "bellows",
          "bellows"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/bolɡ/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "bolc"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bolg"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish feminine nouns",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish nouns",
    "Old Irish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Old Irish ā-stem nouns",
    "sga:Body parts"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "bolga",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-a-fem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ā-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Feminine ā-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolga",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolga",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolga",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builge",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "builg",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolgaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolgaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bolg",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mbolg",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "nominative plural",
        "14": "bolga",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "genitive unattested",
        "6": "",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "f",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "bolg f (genitive unattested, nominative plural bolga)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "f",
        "2": "?",
        "3": "bolga"
      },
      "expansion": "bolg f (genitive unattested, nominative plural bolga)",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "builg"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-a-fem"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "builg+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "bolga+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "builg+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "ā-f",
        "dat_du": "bolgaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "bolgaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "builg+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "bolg+L",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "bolg+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_sg": "builge+H",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "builg+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "bolga+H",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "bolg+L",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "builg+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "bolga+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "bolg+L",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "b",
        "2": "olg"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "blister, bubble, puffball"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "blister",
          "blister"
        ],
        [
          "bubble",
          "bubble"
        ],
        [
          "puffball",
          "puffball"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "no-genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "bud"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "bud",
          "bud"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "no-genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "boss"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "boss",
          "boss"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "no-genitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/bolɡ/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "bolc"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bolg"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "bolg"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "bolg",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "bolg"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "bolg",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-20 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (2f2df25 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.