"bláth" meaning in Old Irish

See bláth in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: [blaːθ]
Etymology: From Proto-Celtic *blātus, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃- (“blossom, flower”). Etymology templates: {{root|sga|ine-pro|*bʰleh₃-}}, {{inh|sga|cel-pro|*blātus}} Proto-Celtic *blātus, {{der|sga|ine-pro|*bʰleh₃-||blossom, flower}} Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃- (“blossom, flower”) Head templates: {{head|sga|noun||||{{{2}}}||||||||{{{3}}}||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} bláth m, {{sga-noun|m}} bláth m Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-u-masc|bláth}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=bláth+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=bláthu|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=bláth+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=u-m|dat_du=bláthaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=bláthaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=bláth+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=blátho|gen_du2=blátha|gen_du3=|gen_du4=|gen_pl=bláthae+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_sg=blátho+H|gen_sg2=blátha+H|gen_sg3=|gen_sg4=|n=|nom_du=bláth+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=bláthae|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_pl4=|nom_sg=bláth|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=bláth+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=bláthu|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=bláth|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}}, {{sga-mutation|b|láth}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], bláth [nominative, singular], bláth [dual, nominative], bláthae [nominative, plural], bláth [singular, vocative], bláth [dual, vocative], bláthu [plural, vocative], bláth [accusative, singular], bláth [accusative, dual], bláthu [accusative, plural], blátho [genitive, singular], blátha [genitive, singular], blátho [dual, genitive], blátha [dual, genitive], bláthae [genitive, plural], bláth [dative, singular], bláthaib [dative, dual], bláthaib [dative, plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], bláth [mutation, mutation-radical], bláth [mutation, mutation-nasal], mbláth [mutation]
  1. flower Tags: masculine Categories (lifeform): Flowers
    Sense id: en-bláth-sga-noun-wGsM~gzF Disambiguation of Flowers: 49 22 29
  2. blossom Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-bláth-sga-noun-WdmMUW-L
  3. bloom Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-bláth-sga-noun-NGWf1hpy

Download JSONL data for bláth meaning in Old Irish (5.0kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "bláth"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: bláth",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: bláth"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "blaa"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: blaa",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: blaa"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "blàth"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: blàth",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: blàth"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰleh₃-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*blātus"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *blātus",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰleh₃-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "blossom, flower"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃- (“blossom, flower”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *blātus, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃- (“blossom, flower”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-u-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Masculine u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláthae",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláthu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláthu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blátho",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blátha",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blátho",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blátha",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláthae",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláthaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláthaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláth",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláth",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mbláth",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "bláth m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "bláth m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bláth"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-u-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "bláth+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "bláthu",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "bláth+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "u-m",
        "dat_du": "bláthaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "bláthaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "bláth+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "blátho",
        "gen_du2": "blátha",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_du4": "",
        "gen_pl": "bláthae+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_sg": "blátho+H",
        "gen_sg2": "blátha+H",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "gen_sg4": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "bláth+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "bláthae",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_pl4": "",
        "nom_sg": "bláth",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "bláth+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "bláthu",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "bláth",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "b",
        "2": "láth"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "49 22 29",
          "kind": "lifeform",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Flowers",
          "orig": "sga:Flowers",
          "parents": [
            "Plants",
            "Lifeforms",
            "All topics",
            "Life",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nature"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "flower"
      ],
      "id": "en-bláth-sga-noun-wGsM~gzF",
      "links": [
        [
          "flower",
          "flower"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "blossom"
      ],
      "id": "en-bláth-sga-noun-WdmMUW-L",
      "links": [
        [
          "blossom",
          "blossom"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "bloom"
      ],
      "id": "en-bláth-sga-noun-NGWf1hpy",
      "links": [
        [
          "bloom",
          "bloom"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[blaːθ]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bláth"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish masculine nouns",
    "Old Irish masculine u-stem nouns",
    "Old Irish nouns",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Old Irish terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *bʰleh₃-",
    "Old Irish terms inherited from Proto-Celtic",
    "Old Irish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "sga:Flowers"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "bláth"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: bláth",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: bláth"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "blaa"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: blaa",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: blaa"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "blàth"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: blàth",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: blàth"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰleh₃-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*blātus"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *blātus",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰleh₃-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "blossom, flower"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃- (“blossom, flower”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *blātus, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃- (“blossom, flower”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-u-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Masculine u-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláthae",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláthu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláthu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blátho",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blátha",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blátho",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blátha",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláthae",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláth",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláthaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláthaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláth",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bláth",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mbláth",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{3}}}",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "bláth m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "bláth m",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bláth"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-u-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "bláth+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "bláthu",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "bláth+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "u-m",
        "dat_du": "bláthaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "bláthaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "bláth+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "blátho",
        "gen_du2": "blátha",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_du4": "",
        "gen_pl": "bláthae+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_sg": "blátho+H",
        "gen_sg2": "blátha+H",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "gen_sg4": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "bláth+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "bláthae",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_pl4": "",
        "nom_sg": "bláth",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "bláth+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "bláthu",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "bláth",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "b",
        "2": "láth"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "flower"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "flower",
          "flower"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "blossom"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "blossom",
          "blossom"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "bloom"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "bloom",
          "bloom"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[blaːθ]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bláth"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "bláth"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "bláth",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-20 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (2f2df25 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.