"bech" meaning in Old Irish

See bech in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: [bʲex]
Etymology: From Proto-Celtic *bekos, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰey- (“bee”), whence also Old English bēo (English bee), Latin fūcus (“drone”). Etymology templates: {{inh|sga|cel-pro|*bekos}} Proto-Celtic *bekos, {{der|sga|ine-pro|*bʰey-|t=bee}} Proto-Indo-European *bʰey- (“bee”), {{cog|ang|bēo}} Old English bēo, {{cog|en|bee}} English bee, {{cog|la|fūcus||drone}} Latin fūcus (“drone”) Head templates: {{head|sga|noun|||genitive|beich|||||||nominative plural|beich||{{{pl2}}}||{{{pl3}}}|cat2=|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} bech m (genitive beich, nominative plural beich), {{sga-noun|m|beich|beich}} bech m (genitive beich, nominative plural beich) Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-o-masc|beich|acc_pl=beuchu|dat_sg=beuch}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=bech+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=beuchu+H|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=bech+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=o-m|dat_du=bechaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=bechaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=beuch+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=bech|gen_du2=|gen_du3=|gen_pl=bech+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_pl4=|gen_sg=beich+L|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=|nom_du=bech+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=beich+L|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=bech|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=bech+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=beuchu+H|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=beich|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}}, {{sga-mutation|b|ech}} Forms: beich [genitive], beich [nominative, plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], bech [masculine, nominative, singular, stem], bech [dual, masculine, nominative, stem], beich [masculine, nominative, plural, stem], beich [masculine, singular, stem, vocative], bech [dual, masculine, stem, vocative], beuchu [masculine, plural, stem, vocative], bech [accusative, masculine, singular, stem], bech [accusative, dual, masculine, stem], beuchu [accusative, masculine, plural, stem], beich [genitive, masculine, singular, stem], bech [dual, genitive, masculine, stem], bech [genitive, masculine, plural, stem], beuch [dative, masculine, singular, stem], bechaib [dative, dual, masculine, stem], bechaib [dative, masculine, plural, stem], no-table-tags [table-tags], bech [mutation, mutation-radical], bech [mutation, mutation-nasal], mbech [mutation]
  1. bee Tags: masculine Categories (lifeform): Insects Derived forms: bechlann
    Sense id: en-bech-sga-noun-YsuBtZBK Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header

Inflected forms

Download JSONL data for bech meaning in Old Irish (5.4kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "beach"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: beach",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: beach"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "beach"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: beach",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: beach"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*bekos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *bekos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰey-",
        "t": "bee"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰey- (“bee”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "bēo"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English bēo",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "bee"
      },
      "expansion": "English bee",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "fūcus",
        "3": "",
        "4": "drone"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin fūcus (“drone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *bekos, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰey- (“bee”), whence also Old English bēo (English bee), Latin fūcus (“drone”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "beich",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "beich",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc\n",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bech",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bech",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "beich",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "beich",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bech",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "beuchu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bech",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bech",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "beuchu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "beich",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bech",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bech",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "beuch",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bechaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bechaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bech",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bech",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mbech",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "nominative plural",
        "14": "beich",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "genitive",
        "6": "beich",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "bech m (genitive beich, nominative plural beich)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "2": "beich",
        "3": "beich"
      },
      "expansion": "bech m (genitive beich, nominative plural beich)",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "beich",
        "acc_pl": "beuchu",
        "dat_sg": "beuch"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "bech+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "beuchu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "bech+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "bechaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "bechaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "beuch+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "bech",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "bech+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "beich+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "bech+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "beich+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "bech",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "bech+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "beuchu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "beich",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "b",
        "2": "ech"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "lifeform",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Insects",
          "orig": "sga:Insects",
          "parents": [
            "Arthropods",
            "Animals",
            "Lifeforms",
            "All topics",
            "Life",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nature"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "bechlann"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Nimble is the yellow bee from cave to cave […]",
          "ref": "“Daith bech buide”",
          "text": "Daith bech buide a húaim i n-úaim […]",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "bee"
      ],
      "id": "en-bech-sga-noun-YsuBtZBK",
      "links": [
        [
          "bee",
          "bee"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[bʲex]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bech"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "bechlann"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "beach"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: beach",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: beach"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "beach"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: beach",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: beach"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*bekos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *bekos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰey-",
        "t": "bee"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰey- (“bee”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "bēo"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English bēo",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "bee"
      },
      "expansion": "English bee",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "fūcus",
        "3": "",
        "4": "drone"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin fūcus (“drone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *bekos, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰey- (“bee”), whence also Old English bēo (English bee), Latin fūcus (“drone”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "beich",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "beich",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc\n",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bech",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bech",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "beich",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "beich",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bech",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "beuchu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bech",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bech",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "beuchu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "beich",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bech",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bech",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "beuch",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bechaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bechaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bech",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "bech",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mbech",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "nominative plural",
        "14": "beich",
        "15": "",
        "16": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "17": "",
        "18": "{{{pl3}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "genitive",
        "6": "beich",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "bech m (genitive beich, nominative plural beich)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "2": "beich",
        "3": "beich"
      },
      "expansion": "bech m (genitive beich, nominative plural beich)",
      "name": "sga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "beich",
        "acc_pl": "beuchu",
        "dat_sg": "beuch"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "bech+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "beuchu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "bech+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "bechaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "bechaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "beuch+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "bech",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "bech+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "beich+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "",
        "nom_du": "bech+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "beich+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "bech",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "bech+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "beuchu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "beich",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "b",
        "2": "ech"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
        "Old Irish lemmas",
        "Old Irish masculine nouns",
        "Old Irish masculine o-stem nouns",
        "Old Irish nouns",
        "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
        "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Old Irish terms inherited from Proto-Celtic",
        "Old Irish terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Old Irish terms with quotations",
        "sga:Insects"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Nimble is the yellow bee from cave to cave […]",
          "ref": "“Daith bech buide”",
          "text": "Daith bech buide a húaim i n-úaim […]",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "bee"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "bee",
          "bee"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[bʲex]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bech"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "bech"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "bech",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-20 using wiktextract (0af6c06 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.