"anai" meaning in Old Irish

See anai in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

Etymology: From Proto-Celtic *anawī, plural of *anawos, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₃neh₂- (“to enjoy”). Cognate with Middle Welsh anaw. Etymology templates: {{inh|sga|cel-pro||*anawī}} Proto-Celtic *anawī, {{der|sga|ine-pro|*h₃neh₂-|t=to enjoy}} Proto-Indo-European *h₃neh₂- (“to enjoy”), {{cog|wlm|anaw}} Middle Welsh anaw Head templates: {{head|sga|noun|genitive|anae|g=m-p}} anai m pl (genitive anae) Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-io-masc|an|a|n=p}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=anae+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=anu+H|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=anae+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=io-m|dat_du=anaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=anaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=anu+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=anae+L|gen_du2=|gen_du3=|gen_pl=anae+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_sg=anai+L|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=p|nom_du=anae+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=anai+L|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=anae|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=anae+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=anu|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=anai|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}}, {{sga-mutation|a|nai}} Forms: anae [genitive], no-table-tags [table-tags], - [nominative, singular], - [dual, nominative], anai [nominative, plural], - [singular, vocative], - [dual, vocative], anu [plural, vocative], - [accusative, singular], - [accusative, dual], anu [accusative, plural], - [genitive, singular], - [dual, genitive], anae [genitive, plural], - [dative, singular], - [dative, dual], anaib [dative, plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], anai [mutation, mutation-radical], pronounced with /h/ in h-prothesis environments [mutation, mutation-radical], n-anai [mutation]
  1. wealth, riches Tags: masculine, plural
    Sense id: en-anai-sga-noun-YS9xpdB7 Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header, Old Irish pluralia tantum

Download JSONL data for anai meaning in Old Irish (4.4kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "mga",
            "2": "ana"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Irish: ana",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Irish: ana"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "ana"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: ana",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: ana"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*anawī"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *anawī",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₃neh₂-",
        "t": "to enjoy"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₃neh₂- (“to enjoy”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "wlm",
        "2": "anaw"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Welsh anaw",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *anawī, plural of *anawos, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₃neh₂- (“to enjoy”). Cognate with Middle Welsh anaw.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "anae",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-io-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "io-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Masculine io-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "anai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "anu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "anu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "anae",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "anaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "anai",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pronounced with /h/ in h-prothesis environments",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "n-anai",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "genitive",
        "4": "anae",
        "g": "m-p"
      },
      "expansion": "anai m pl (genitive anae)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "an",
        "2": "a",
        "n": "p"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-io-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "anae+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "anu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "anae+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "io-m",
        "dat_du": "anaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "anaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "anu+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "anae+L",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "anae+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_sg": "anai+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "p",
        "nom_du": "anae+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "anai+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "anae",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "anae+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "anu",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "anai",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "a",
        "2": "nai"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish pluralia tantum",
          "parents": [
            "Pluralia tantum",
            "Nouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "i.e. that he is deprived, i.e. without possessing the riches.",
          "text": ".i. as ṅdiuparthae .i. cen techtad na n-anae.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "wealth, riches"
      ],
      "id": "en-anai-sga-noun-YS9xpdB7",
      "links": [
        [
          "wealth",
          "wealth"
        ],
        [
          "riches",
          "riches"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "anai"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "mga",
            "2": "ana"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Irish: ana",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Irish: ana"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "ana"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: ana",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: ana"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "",
        "4": "*anawī"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *anawī",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₃neh₂-",
        "t": "to enjoy"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₃neh₂- (“to enjoy”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "wlm",
        "2": "anaw"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Welsh anaw",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Celtic *anawī, plural of *anawos, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₃neh₂- (“to enjoy”). Cognate with Middle Welsh anaw.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "anae",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-io-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "io-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Masculine io-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "anai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "anu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "anu",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "anae",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "anaib",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "anai",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pronounced with /h/ in h-prothesis environments",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "n-anai",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "genitive",
        "4": "anae",
        "g": "m-p"
      },
      "expansion": "anai m pl (genitive anae)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "an",
        "2": "a",
        "n": "p"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-io-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "anae+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "anu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "anae+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "io-m",
        "dat_du": "anaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "anaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "anu+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "anae+L",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "anae+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_sg": "anai+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "p",
        "nom_du": "anae+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "anai+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "anae",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "anae+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "anu",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "anai",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "a",
        "2": "nai"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
        "Old Irish lemmas",
        "Old Irish masculine io-stem nouns",
        "Old Irish masculine nouns",
        "Old Irish nouns",
        "Old Irish pluralia tantum",
        "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
        "Old Irish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Old Irish terms inherited from Proto-Celtic",
        "Old Irish terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "i.e. that he is deprived, i.e. without possessing the riches.",
          "text": ".i. as ṅdiuparthae .i. cen techtad na n-anae.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "wealth, riches"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "wealth",
          "wealth"
        ],
        [
          "riches",
          "riches"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "anai"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "anai"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "anai",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (f8674bc and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.