"Abíal" meaning in Old Irish

See Abíal in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Proper name

Etymology: From Latin Abel, from Biblical Hebrew הֶבֶל (heḇel, “breath, vapor; vanity”). The /e/ in the etyma was lengthened for unknown reasons when borrowed into Old Irish. Etymology templates: {{bor|sga|la|Abel}} Latin Abel, {{der|sga|hbo|הֶבֶל||breath, vapor; vanity|tr=heḇel}} Biblical Hebrew הֶבֶל (heḇel, “breath, vapor; vanity”) Head templates: {{head|sga|proper noun|genitive|Abéil|g=m}} Abíal m (genitive Abéil) Inflection templates: {{sga-decl-o-masc|Abéil|n=s}}, {{sga-decl-noun|acc_du=Abíal+L|acc_du2=|acc_du3=|acc_pl=Abíalu+H|acc_pl2=|acc_pl3=|acc_sg=Abíal+N|acc_sg2=|acc_sg3=|class=o-m|dat_du=Abíalaib|dat_du2=|dat_du3=|dat_pl=Abíalaib|dat_pl2=|dat_pl3=|dat_sg=Abíal+L|dat_sg2=|dat_sg3=|gen_du=Abíal|gen_du2=|gen_du3=|gen_pl=Abíal+N|gen_pl2=|gen_pl3=|gen_pl4=|gen_sg=Abéil+L|gen_sg2=|gen_sg3=|n=s|nom_du=Abíal+L|nom_du2=|nom_du3=|nom_pl=Abéil+L|nom_pl2=|nom_pl3=|nom_sg=Abíal|nom_sg2=|nom_sg3=|voc_du=Abíal+L|voc_du2=|voc_du3=|voc_pl=Abíalu+H|voc_pl2=|voc_pl3=|voc_sg=Abéil|voc_sg2=|voc_sg3=}}, {{sga-mutation|A|bíal}} Forms: Abéil [genitive], no-table-tags [table-tags], Abíal [masculine, nominative, singular, stem], - [dual, masculine, nominative, stem], - [masculine, nominative, plural, stem], Abéil [masculine, singular, stem, vocative], - [dual, masculine, stem, vocative], - [masculine, plural, stem, vocative], Abíal [accusative, masculine, singular, stem], - [accusative, dual, masculine, stem], - [accusative, masculine, plural, stem], Abéil [genitive, masculine, singular, stem], - [dual, genitive, masculine, stem], - [genitive, masculine, plural, stem], Abíal [dative, masculine, singular, stem], - [dative, dual, masculine, stem], - [dative, masculine, plural, stem], no-table-tags [table-tags], Abíal [mutation, mutation-radical], pronounced with /h/ in h-prothesis environments [mutation, mutation-radical], nAbíal [mutation]
  1. (Christianity) Abel (son of Adam and Eve, brother of Cain) Tags: masculine Categories (topical): Christianity
    Sense id: en-Abíal-sga-name-yHS2DnM0 Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Irish entries with incorrect language header: 64 36 Topics: Christianity
  2. a male given name Tags: masculine Categories (topical): Old Irish given names, Old Irish male given names
    Sense id: en-Abíal-sga-name-h8YdwBAs

Download JSONL data for Abíal meaning in Old Irish (5.0kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "Abel"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin Abel",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "hbo",
        "3": "הֶבֶל",
        "4": "",
        "5": "breath, vapor; vanity",
        "tr": "heḇel"
      },
      "expansion": "Biblical Hebrew הֶבֶל (heḇel, “breath, vapor; vanity”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin Abel, from Biblical Hebrew הֶבֶל (heḇel, “breath, vapor; vanity”). The /e/ in the etyma was lengthened for unknown reasons when borrowed into Old Irish.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "Abéil",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Abíal",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Abéil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Abíal",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Abéil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Abíal",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Abíal",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pronounced with /h/ in h-prothesis environments",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "nAbíal",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "proper noun",
        "3": "genitive",
        "4": "Abéil",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "Abíal m (genitive Abéil)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Abéil",
        "n": "s"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "Abíal+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "Abíalu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "Abíal+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "Abíalaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "Abíalaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "Abíal+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "Abíal",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "Abíal+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "Abéil+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "s",
        "nom_du": "Abíal+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "Abéil+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "Abíal",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "Abíal+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "Abíalu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "Abéil",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "A",
        "2": "bíal"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "name",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "sga",
          "name": "Christianity",
          "orig": "sga:Christianity",
          "parents": [
            "Abrahamism",
            "Religion",
            "Culture",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "64 36",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Abel (son of Adam and Eve, brother of Cain)"
      ],
      "id": "en-Abíal-sga-name-yHS2DnM0",
      "links": [
        [
          "Christianity",
          "Christianity"
        ],
        [
          "Abel",
          "Abel"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Christianity) Abel (son of Adam and Eve, brother of Cain)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "Christianity"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "name": "Old Irish given names",
          "parents": [
            "Given names",
            "Names",
            "All topics",
            "Proper nouns",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "name": "Old Irish male given names",
          "parents": [
            "Male given names",
            "Given names",
            "Names",
            "All topics",
            "Proper nouns",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "a male given name"
      ],
      "id": "en-Abíal-sga-name-h8YdwBAs",
      "links": [
        [
          "given name",
          "given name"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "Abíal"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish masculine nouns",
    "Old Irish masculine o-stem nouns",
    "Old Irish proper nouns",
    "Old Irish terms borrowed from Latin",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Biblical Hebrew",
    "Old Irish terms derived from Latin",
    "Old Irish uncountable nouns"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "Abel"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin Abel",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "hbo",
        "3": "הֶבֶל",
        "4": "",
        "5": "breath, vapor; vanity",
        "tr": "heḇel"
      },
      "expansion": "Biblical Hebrew הֶבֶל (heḇel, “breath, vapor; vanity”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin Abel, from Biblical Hebrew הֶבֶל (heḇel, “breath, vapor; vanity”). The /e/ in the etyma was lengthened for unknown reasons when borrowed into Old Irish.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "Abéil",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-decl-o-masc",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Abíal",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Abéil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Abíal",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Abéil",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Abíal",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "masculine",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Abíal",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pronounced with /h/ in h-prothesis environments",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "nAbíal",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "proper noun",
        "3": "genitive",
        "4": "Abéil",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "Abíal m (genitive Abéil)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Abéil",
        "n": "s"
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-o-masc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc_du": "Abíal+L",
        "acc_du2": "",
        "acc_du3": "",
        "acc_pl": "Abíalu+H",
        "acc_pl2": "",
        "acc_pl3": "",
        "acc_sg": "Abíal+N",
        "acc_sg2": "",
        "acc_sg3": "",
        "class": "o-m",
        "dat_du": "Abíalaib",
        "dat_du2": "",
        "dat_du3": "",
        "dat_pl": "Abíalaib",
        "dat_pl2": "",
        "dat_pl3": "",
        "dat_sg": "Abíal+L",
        "dat_sg2": "",
        "dat_sg3": "",
        "gen_du": "Abíal",
        "gen_du2": "",
        "gen_du3": "",
        "gen_pl": "Abíal+N",
        "gen_pl2": "",
        "gen_pl3": "",
        "gen_pl4": "",
        "gen_sg": "Abéil+L",
        "gen_sg2": "",
        "gen_sg3": "",
        "n": "s",
        "nom_du": "Abíal+L",
        "nom_du2": "",
        "nom_du3": "",
        "nom_pl": "Abéil+L",
        "nom_pl2": "",
        "nom_pl3": "",
        "nom_sg": "Abíal",
        "nom_sg2": "",
        "nom_sg3": "",
        "voc_du": "Abíal+L",
        "voc_du2": "",
        "voc_du3": "",
        "voc_pl": "Abíalu+H",
        "voc_pl2": "",
        "voc_pl3": "",
        "voc_sg": "Abéil",
        "voc_sg2": "",
        "voc_sg3": ""
      },
      "name": "sga-decl-noun"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "A",
        "2": "bíal"
      },
      "name": "sga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "name",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "sga:Christianity"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Abel (son of Adam and Eve, brother of Cain)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Christianity",
          "Christianity"
        ],
        [
          "Abel",
          "Abel"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Christianity) Abel (son of Adam and Eve, brother of Cain)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "Christianity"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Irish given names",
        "Old Irish male given names"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "a male given name"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "given name",
          "given name"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "Abíal"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Old Irish]; cleaned text: Initial mutations of a following adjective: *ᴴ = triggers aspiration *ᴸ = triggers lenition *ᴺ = triggers nasalization",
  "path": [
    "Abíal"
  ],
  "section": "Old Irish",
  "subsection": "proper noun",
  "title": "Abíal",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-20 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (2f2df25 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.