"ní" meaning in Middle Irish

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Particle

IPA: /n͈ʲiː/
Etymology: From Old Irish ní, from Proto-Celtic *nīs (compare Welsh ni), from Proto-Indo-European *ne h₁ésti (“is not”) (compare Sanskrit न (na), Latin ne, Gothic 𐌽𐌹 (ni)). Etymology templates: {{inh|mga|sga|ní}} Old Irish ní, {{inh|mga|cel-pro|*nīs}} Proto-Celtic *nīs, {{cog|cy|ni}} Welsh ni, {{der|mga|ine-pro|*ne h₁ésti||is not}} Proto-Indo-European *ne h₁ésti (“is not”), {{cog|sa|न}} Sanskrit न (na), {{cog|la|ne}} Latin ne, {{cog|got|𐌽𐌹}} Gothic 𐌽𐌹 (ni) Head templates: {{head|mga|particle}} ní
  1. not
    Sense id: ní-mga-particle-JUu5e1fx Categories (other): Middle Irish particles
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Pronoun

IPA: /n͈ʲiː/
Head templates: {{head|mga|pronoun|cat2=indefinite pronouns}} ní
  1. something, anything
    Sense id: ní-mga-pron-R9dj-zt2
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Verb

IPA: /n͈ʲiː/
Etymology: From Old Irish ní, from Proto-Celtic *nīs (compare Welsh ni), from Proto-Indo-European *ne h₁ésti (“is not”) (compare Sanskrit न (na), Latin ne, Gothic 𐌽𐌹 (ni)). Etymology templates: {{inh|mga|sga|ní}} Old Irish ní, {{inh|mga|cel-pro|*nīs}} Proto-Celtic *nīs, {{cog|cy|ni}} Welsh ni, {{der|mga|ine-pro|*ne h₁ésti||is not}} Proto-Indo-European *ne h₁ésti (“is not”), {{cog|sa|न}} Sanskrit न (na), {{cog|la|ne}} Latin ne, {{cog|got|𐌽𐌹}} Gothic 𐌽𐌹 (ni) Head templates: {{head|mga|verb}} ní
  1. is not, isn’t
    Sense id: ní-mga-verb-NdoA2YTr Categories (other): Middle Irish indefinite pronouns, Middle Irish pronouns Disambiguation of Middle Irish indefinite pronouns: 41 9 51 Disambiguation of Middle Irish pronouns: 19 0 81
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for ní meaning in Middle Irish (3.5kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "ní"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: ní",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: ní"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "sga",
        "3": "ní"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Irish ní",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*nīs"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *nīs",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "ni"
      },
      "expansion": "Welsh ni",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*ne h₁ésti",
        "4": "",
        "5": "is not"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *ne h₁ésti (“is not”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "न"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit न (na)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "ne"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ne",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "got",
        "2": "𐌽𐌹"
      },
      "expansion": "Gothic 𐌽𐌹 (ni)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Irish ní, from Proto-Celtic *nīs (compare Welsh ni), from Proto-Indo-European *ne h₁ésti (“is not”) (compare Sanskrit न (na), Latin ne, Gothic 𐌽𐌹 (ni)).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "particle"
      },
      "expansion": "ní",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle Irish",
  "lang_code": "mga",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Middle Irish particles",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "not"
      ],
      "id": "ní-mga-particle-JUu5e1fx",
      "links": [
        [
          "not",
          "not"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/n͈ʲiː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ní"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "sga",
        "3": "ní"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Irish ní",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*nīs"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *nīs",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "ni"
      },
      "expansion": "Welsh ni",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*ne h₁ésti",
        "4": "",
        "5": "is not"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *ne h₁ésti (“is not”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "न"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit न (na)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "ne"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ne",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "got",
        "2": "𐌽𐌹"
      },
      "expansion": "Gothic 𐌽𐌹 (ni)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Irish ní, from Proto-Celtic *nīs (compare Welsh ni), from Proto-Indo-European *ne h₁ésti (“is not”) (compare Sanskrit न (na), Latin ne, Gothic 𐌽𐌹 (ni)).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "ní",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle Irish",
  "lang_code": "mga",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "41 9 51",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Middle Irish indefinite pronouns",
          "parents": [
            "Indefinite pronouns",
            "Indefinite pro-forms",
            "Pronouns",
            "Pro-forms",
            "Lemmas",
            "Terms by semantic function"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 0 81",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Middle Irish pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "is not, isn’t"
      ],
      "id": "ní-mga-verb-NdoA2YTr",
      "links": [
        [
          "is",
          "is"
        ],
        [
          "not",
          "not"
        ],
        [
          "isn’t",
          "isn’t"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/n͈ʲiː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ní"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [],
  "etymology_text": "",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "pronoun",
        "cat2": "indefinite pronouns"
      },
      "expansion": "ní",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle Irish",
  "lang_code": "mga",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "something, anything"
      ],
      "id": "ní-mga-pron-R9dj-zt2",
      "links": [
        [
          "something",
          "something"
        ],
        [
          "anything",
          "anything"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/n͈ʲiː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ní"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Middle Irish indefinite pronouns",
    "Middle Irish lemmas",
    "Middle Irish particles",
    "Middle Irish pronouns",
    "Middle Irish terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "ní"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: ní",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: ní"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "sga",
        "3": "ní"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Irish ní",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*nīs"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *nīs",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "ni"
      },
      "expansion": "Welsh ni",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*ne h₁ésti",
        "4": "",
        "5": "is not"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *ne h₁ésti (“is not”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "न"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit न (na)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "ne"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ne",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "got",
        "2": "𐌽𐌹"
      },
      "expansion": "Gothic 𐌽𐌹 (ni)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Irish ní, from Proto-Celtic *nīs (compare Welsh ni), from Proto-Indo-European *ne h₁ésti (“is not”) (compare Sanskrit न (na), Latin ne, Gothic 𐌽𐌹 (ni)).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "particle"
      },
      "expansion": "ní",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle Irish",
  "lang_code": "mga",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "not"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "not",
          "not"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/n͈ʲiː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ní"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Middle Irish indefinite pronouns",
    "Middle Irish lemmas",
    "Middle Irish pronouns",
    "Middle Irish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Middle Irish verbs"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "sga",
        "3": "ní"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Irish ní",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*nīs"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *nīs",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "ni"
      },
      "expansion": "Welsh ni",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*ne h₁ésti",
        "4": "",
        "5": "is not"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *ne h₁ésti (“is not”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "न"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit न (na)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "ne"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ne",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "got",
        "2": "𐌽𐌹"
      },
      "expansion": "Gothic 𐌽𐌹 (ni)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Irish ní, from Proto-Celtic *nīs (compare Welsh ni), from Proto-Indo-European *ne h₁ésti (“is not”) (compare Sanskrit न (na), Latin ne, Gothic 𐌽𐌹 (ni)).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "ní",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle Irish",
  "lang_code": "mga",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "is not, isn’t"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "is",
          "is"
        ],
        [
          "not",
          "not"
        ],
        [
          "isn’t",
          "isn’t"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/n͈ʲiː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ní"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Middle Irish indefinite pronouns",
    "Middle Irish lemmas",
    "Middle Irish pronouns",
    "Middle Irish terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [],
  "etymology_text": "",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "pronoun",
        "cat2": "indefinite pronouns"
      },
      "expansion": "ní",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle Irish",
  "lang_code": "mga",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "something, anything"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "something",
          "something"
        ],
        [
          "anything",
          "anything"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/n͈ʲiː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ní"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Middle Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.