"wolf" meaning in Middle Dutch

See wolf in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

Etymology: From Old Dutch *wulf, from Proto-West Germanic *wulf, from Proto-Germanic *wulfaz, from Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos. Etymology templates: {{inh|dum|odt|*wulf}} Old Dutch *wulf, {{inh|dum|gmw-pro|*wulf}} Proto-West Germanic *wulf, {{inh|dum|gem-pro|*wulfaz}} Proto-Germanic *wulfaz, {{inh|dum|ine-pro|*wĺ̥kʷos}} Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos Head templates: {{head|dum|noun||{{{stem}}}-||{{{stem2}}}-|cat2=|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=|head2=|sort=}} wolf m, {{dum-noun|m}} wolf m Inflection templates: {{dum-decl-noun-st-m|wolv}}, {{dum-decl-noun-table|wolf|wolf|wolfs|wolf|wolve|wolve|wolve|wolven|head=wolf (strong)}} Forms: strong [table-tags], wolf [nominative, singular], wolve [nominative, plural], wolf [accusative, singular], wolve [accusative, plural], wolfs [genitive, singular], wolve [genitive, plural], wolf [dative, singular], wolven [dative, plural]
  1. wolf, grey wolf Tags: masculine Categories (lifeform): Canids Derived forms: wēerwolf
    Sense id: wolf-dum-noun-t~I60oyi

Download JSON data for wolf meaning in Middle Dutch (2.9kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "wolf"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: wolf\nAfrikaans: wolf\nJersey Dutch: wâlf\nNegerhollands: wuluwuluk\n→ Virgin Islands Creole: wuluwuluk (dated)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: wolf\nAfrikaans: wolf\nJersey Dutch: wâlf\nNegerhollands: wuluwuluk\n→ Virgin Islands Creole: wuluwuluk (dated)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "li",
            "2": "wólf"
          },
          "expansion": "Limburgish: wólf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Limburgish: wólf"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "odt",
        "3": "*wulf"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Dutch *wulf",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "gmw-pro",
        "3": "*wulf"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *wulf",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*wulfaz"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *wulfaz",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*wĺ̥kʷos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Dutch *wulf, from Proto-West Germanic *wulf, from Proto-Germanic *wulfaz, from Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "strong",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dum-decl-noun-st-m",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wolf",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wolve",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wolf",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wolve",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wolfs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wolve",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wolf",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wolven",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "{{{stem}}}-",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{stem2}}}-",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "head2": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "wolf m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "wolf m",
      "name": "dum-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "wolv"
      },
      "name": "dum-decl-noun-st-m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "wolf",
        "2": "wolf",
        "3": "wolfs",
        "4": "wolf",
        "5": "wolve",
        "6": "wolve",
        "7": "wolve",
        "8": "wolven",
        "head": "wolf (strong)"
      },
      "name": "dum-decl-noun-table"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle Dutch",
  "lang_code": "dum",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "lifeform",
          "langcode": "dum",
          "name": "Canids",
          "orig": "dum:Canids",
          "parents": [
            "Carnivores",
            "Mammals",
            "Vertebrates",
            "Chordates",
            "Animals",
            "Lifeforms",
            "All topics",
            "Life",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nature"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "wēerwolf"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "wolf, grey wolf"
      ],
      "id": "wolf-dum-noun-t~I60oyi",
      "links": [
        [
          "wolf",
          "#English"
        ],
        [
          "grey wolf",
          "grey wolf"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "wolf"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "wēerwolf"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "wolf"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: wolf\nAfrikaans: wolf\nJersey Dutch: wâlf\nNegerhollands: wuluwuluk\n→ Virgin Islands Creole: wuluwuluk (dated)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: wolf\nAfrikaans: wolf\nJersey Dutch: wâlf\nNegerhollands: wuluwuluk\n→ Virgin Islands Creole: wuluwuluk (dated)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "li",
            "2": "wólf"
          },
          "expansion": "Limburgish: wólf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Limburgish: wólf"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "odt",
        "3": "*wulf"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Dutch *wulf",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "gmw-pro",
        "3": "*wulf"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *wulf",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*wulfaz"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *wulfaz",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*wĺ̥kʷos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Dutch *wulf, from Proto-West Germanic *wulf, from Proto-Germanic *wulfaz, from Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "strong",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dum-decl-noun-st-m",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wolf",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wolve",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wolf",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wolve",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wolfs",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wolve",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wolf",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wolven",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "{{{stem}}}-",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{stem2}}}-",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "head2": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "wolf m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "wolf m",
      "name": "dum-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "wolv"
      },
      "name": "dum-decl-noun-st-m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "wolf",
        "2": "wolf",
        "3": "wolfs",
        "4": "wolf",
        "5": "wolve",
        "6": "wolve",
        "7": "wolve",
        "8": "wolven",
        "head": "wolf (strong)"
      },
      "name": "dum-decl-noun-table"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle Dutch",
  "lang_code": "dum",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Middle Dutch lemmas",
        "Middle Dutch masculine nouns",
        "Middle Dutch nouns",
        "dum:Canids"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "wolf, grey wolf"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "wolf",
          "#English"
        ],
        [
          "grey wolf",
          "grey wolf"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "wolf"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Middle Dutch dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.