"esel" meaning in Middle Dutch

See esel in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

Forms: ēsel [canonical, masculine]
Etymology: From Old Dutch esil, from Late Latin asellus. Etymology templates: {{inh|dum|odt|esil}} Old Dutch esil, {{der|dum|LL.|asellus}} Late Latin asellus Head templates: {{head|dum|noun||{{{stem}}}-||{{{stem2}}}-|cat2=|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=ēsel|head2=|sort=}} ēsel m, {{dum-noun|m|head=ēsel}} ēsel m
  1. donkey Categories (lifeform): Equids
    Sense id: esel-dum-noun-0i8RWr1r
  2. fool, idiot
    Sense id: esel-dum-noun-Bb8LxHSx

Download JSON data for esel meaning in Middle Dutch (1.7kB)

{
  "categories": [],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "ezel"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: ezel\nAfrikaans: esel\n→ Sotho: esele\n→ Xhosa: i-esile\n→ English: easel\nNegerhollands: esel",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: ezel\nAfrikaans: esel\n→ Sotho: esele\n→ Xhosa: i-esile\n→ English: easel\nNegerhollands: esel"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "li",
            "2": "aezel"
          },
          "expansion": "Limburgish: aezel",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Limburgish: aezel"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "odt",
        "3": "esil"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Dutch esil",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "LL.",
        "3": "asellus"
      },
      "expansion": "Late Latin asellus",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Dutch esil, from Late Latin asellus.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "ēsel",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "{{{stem}}}-",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{stem2}}}-",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "ēsel",
        "head2": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ēsel m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "head": "ēsel"
      },
      "expansion": "ēsel m",
      "name": "dum-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle Dutch",
  "lang_code": "dum",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "lifeform",
          "langcode": "dum",
          "name": "Equids",
          "orig": "dum:Equids",
          "parents": [
            "Odd-toed ungulates",
            "Mammals",
            "Vertebrates",
            "Chordates",
            "Animals",
            "Lifeforms",
            "All topics",
            "Life",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nature"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "donkey"
      ],
      "id": "esel-dum-noun-0i8RWr1r",
      "links": [
        [
          "donkey",
          "donkey"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "fool, idiot"
      ],
      "id": "esel-dum-noun-Bb8LxHSx",
      "links": [
        [
          "fool",
          "fool"
        ],
        [
          "idiot",
          "idiot"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "esel"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Middle Dutch lemmas",
    "Middle Dutch masculine nouns",
    "Middle Dutch nouns"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "ezel"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: ezel\nAfrikaans: esel\n→ Sotho: esele\n→ Xhosa: i-esile\n→ English: easel\nNegerhollands: esel",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: ezel\nAfrikaans: esel\n→ Sotho: esele\n→ Xhosa: i-esile\n→ English: easel\nNegerhollands: esel"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "li",
            "2": "aezel"
          },
          "expansion": "Limburgish: aezel",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Limburgish: aezel"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "odt",
        "3": "esil"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Dutch esil",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "LL.",
        "3": "asellus"
      },
      "expansion": "Late Latin asellus",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Dutch esil, from Late Latin asellus.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "ēsel",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "{{{stem}}}-",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{stem2}}}-",
        "cat2": "",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "ēsel",
        "head2": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ēsel m",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "head": "ēsel"
      },
      "expansion": "ēsel m",
      "name": "dum-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle Dutch",
  "lang_code": "dum",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "dum:Equids"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "donkey"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "donkey",
          "donkey"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "fool, idiot"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "fool",
          "fool"
        ],
        [
          "idiot",
          "idiot"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "esel"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Middle Dutch dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.