"vȯl" meaning in Livonian

See vȯl in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /vɤl/
Etymology: From Proto-Finnic *olut, possibly from Germanic *aluþ- (*alu). Compare Norwegian øl (“beer”). Etymology templates: {{inh|liv|urj-fin-pro|*olut}} Proto-Finnic *olut, {{der|liv|gem}} Germanic, {{m|gem-pro|*aluþ-}} *aluþ-, {{m|gem-pro|*alu}} *alu, {{cog|no|øl|t=beer}} Norwegian øl (“beer”) Head templates: {{head|liv|noun|head=vȯ'l}} vȯ'l Forms: vȯ'l [canonical], no-table-tags [table-tags], vȯl [nominative, singular], vȯllõd [nominative, plural], vȯl [genitive, singular], vȯllõd [genitive, plural], vȯltõ [partitive, singular], vȯllidi [partitive, plural], vȯllõn [dative, singular], vȯllõdõn [dative, plural], vȯlkõks [instrumental, singular], vȯllõdõks [instrumental, plural], vȯllõ [illative, singular], vȯlliž [illative, plural], vȯlsõ [inessive, singular], vȯllis [inessive, plural], vȯlstõ [elative, singular], vȯllist [elative, plural]
  1. beer
    Sense id: en-vȯl-liv-noun-HYtM-FTN Categories (other): Livonian entries with incorrect language header

Verb

IPA: /vɤl/ Forms: vȯ'l [canonical]
Etymology: From Proto-Finnic *olut, possibly from Germanic *aluþ- (*alu). Compare Norwegian øl (“beer”). Etymology templates: {{inh|liv|urj-fin-pro|*olut}} Proto-Finnic *olut, {{der|liv|gem}} Germanic, {{m|gem-pro|*aluþ-}} *aluþ-, {{m|gem-pro|*alu}} *alu, {{cog|no|øl|t=beer}} Norwegian øl (“beer”) Head templates: {{head|liv|verb form|head=vȯ'l}} vȯ'l
  1. second-person singular imperative of vȱlda Tags: form-of, imperative, second-person, singular Form of: vȱlda
    Sense id: en-vȯl-liv-verb-zzinXP6r Categories (other): Livonian words with broken tone Disambiguation of Livonian words with broken tone: 12 88

Download JSON data for vȯl meaning in Livonian (4.0kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "urj-fin-pro",
        "3": "*olut"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Finnic *olut",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "gem"
      },
      "expansion": "Germanic",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*aluþ-"
      },
      "expansion": "*aluþ-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*alu"
      },
      "expansion": "*alu",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "no",
        "2": "øl",
        "t": "beer"
      },
      "expansion": "Norwegian øl (“beer”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Finnic *olut, possibly from Germanic *aluþ- (*alu). Compare Norwegian øl (“beer”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "vȯ'l",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liv-noun",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯl",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯllõd",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯl",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯllõd",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯltõ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "partitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯllidi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "partitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯllõn",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯllõdõn",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯlkõks",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯllõdõks",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯllõ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯlliž",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯlsõ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯllis",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯlstõ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯllist",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "noun",
        "head": "vȯ'l"
      },
      "expansion": "vȯ'l",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Livonian",
  "lang_code": "liv",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Livonian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "beer too has foam",
          "ref": "Tiit-Rein Viitso, Valts Ernštreits (2012–2013), Līvõkīel-ēstikīel-lețkīel sõnārōntõz, Tartu, Rīga: TÜ, LVA miedvȯl mead (lit. honey beer)",
          "roman": "vȯllõn ka um vō",
          "text": "ne attõ vȯl rabād\nthat's brewer's grain from beer"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "beer"
      ],
      "id": "en-vȯl-liv-noun-HYtM-FTN",
      "links": [
        [
          "beer",
          "beer"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/vɤl/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "vȯl"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "urj-fin-pro",
        "3": "*olut"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Finnic *olut",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "gem"
      },
      "expansion": "Germanic",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*aluþ-"
      },
      "expansion": "*aluþ-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*alu"
      },
      "expansion": "*alu",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "no",
        "2": "øl",
        "t": "beer"
      },
      "expansion": "Norwegian øl (“beer”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Finnic *olut, possibly from Germanic *aluþ- (*alu). Compare Norwegian øl (“beer”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "vȯ'l",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "verb form",
        "head": "vȯ'l"
      },
      "expansion": "vȯ'l",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Livonian",
  "lang_code": "liv",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "12 88",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Livonian words with broken tone",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "vȱlda"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "second-person singular imperative of vȱlda"
      ],
      "id": "en-vȯl-liv-verb-zzinXP6r",
      "links": [
        [
          "vȱlda",
          "vȱlda#Livonian"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/vɤl/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "vȯl"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Livonian entries with incorrect language header",
    "Livonian lemmas",
    "Livonian non-lemma forms",
    "Livonian nouns",
    "Livonian terms derived from Germanic languages",
    "Livonian terms derived from Proto-Finnic",
    "Livonian terms inherited from Proto-Finnic",
    "Livonian terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Livonian verb forms",
    "Livonian words with broken tone"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "urj-fin-pro",
        "3": "*olut"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Finnic *olut",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "gem"
      },
      "expansion": "Germanic",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*aluþ-"
      },
      "expansion": "*aluþ-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*alu"
      },
      "expansion": "*alu",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "no",
        "2": "øl",
        "t": "beer"
      },
      "expansion": "Norwegian øl (“beer”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Finnic *olut, possibly from Germanic *aluþ- (*alu). Compare Norwegian øl (“beer”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "vȯ'l",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liv-noun",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯl",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯllõd",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯl",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯllõd",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯltõ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "partitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯllidi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "partitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯllõn",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯllõdõn",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯlkõks",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯllõdõks",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯllõ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯlliž",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯlsõ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯllis",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯlstõ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vȯllist",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "noun",
        "head": "vȯ'l"
      },
      "expansion": "vȯ'l",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Livonian",
  "lang_code": "liv",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "beer too has foam",
          "ref": "Tiit-Rein Viitso, Valts Ernštreits (2012–2013), Līvõkīel-ēstikīel-lețkīel sõnārōntõz, Tartu, Rīga: TÜ, LVA miedvȯl mead (lit. honey beer)",
          "roman": "vȯllõn ka um vō",
          "text": "ne attõ vȯl rabād\nthat's brewer's grain from beer"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "beer"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "beer",
          "beer"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/vɤl/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "vȯl"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Livonian lemmas",
    "Livonian non-lemma forms",
    "Livonian nouns",
    "Livonian terms derived from Germanic languages",
    "Livonian terms derived from Proto-Finnic",
    "Livonian terms inherited from Proto-Finnic",
    "Livonian terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Livonian verb forms",
    "Livonian words with broken tone"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "urj-fin-pro",
        "3": "*olut"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Finnic *olut",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "gem"
      },
      "expansion": "Germanic",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*aluþ-"
      },
      "expansion": "*aluþ-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*alu"
      },
      "expansion": "*alu",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "no",
        "2": "øl",
        "t": "beer"
      },
      "expansion": "Norwegian øl (“beer”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Finnic *olut, possibly from Germanic *aluþ- (*alu). Compare Norwegian øl (“beer”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "vȯ'l",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "verb form",
        "head": "vȯ'l"
      },
      "expansion": "vȯ'l",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Livonian",
  "lang_code": "liv",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "vȱlda"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "second-person singular imperative of vȱlda"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "vȱlda",
          "vȱlda#Livonian"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/vɤl/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "vȯl"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Livonian dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.