"jo" meaning in Livonian

See jo in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Preposition

IPA: /jo/
Etymology: Perhaps borrowed from Latvian jo (“because, yet (more)”), /juo/. Etymology templates: {{bor|liv|lv|jo|t=because, yet (more)}} Latvian jo (“because, yet (more)”) Head templates: {{head|liv|preposition}} jo
  1. more; used with adjectives to form comparatives
    Sense id: jo-liv-prep-zS47yn2U Categories (other): Livonian prepositions Disambiguation of Livonian prepositions: 49 51
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: juo
Etymology number: 1

Preposition

IPA: /jo/
Etymology: Perhaps borrowed from Latvian jau (“yet, already, after all”). However, compare also Finnish jo (“already”), thus ultimately a common Finnic borrowing from Proto-Germanic *ju that has likely been contaminated by the more figurative senses of Latvian jau, with the latter ultimately a distant cognate of the initial Germanic borrowing. Etymology templates: {{bor|liv|lv|jau|t=yet, already, after all}} Latvian jau (“yet, already, after all”), {{cog|fi|jo||already}} Finnish jo (“already”), {{der|liv|gem-pro|*ju}} Proto-Germanic *ju, {{m|lv|jau}} jau Head templates: {{head|liv|preposition}} jo
  1. yet, already, after all
    Sense id: jo-liv-prep-9yxBwqMJ Categories (other): Livonian prepositions Disambiguation of Livonian prepositions: 49 51
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: juo
Etymology number: 2

Download JSON data for jo meaning in Livonian (2.7kB)

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "lv",
        "3": "jo",
        "t": "because, yet (more)"
      },
      "expansion": "Latvian jo (“because, yet (more)”)",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Perhaps borrowed from Latvian jo (“because, yet (more)”), /juo/.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "jo",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Livonian",
  "lang_code": "liv",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "49 51",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Livonian prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "long, longer",
          "roman": "pitkā, jo pitkā",
          "text": "Tiit-Rein Viitso, Valts Ernštreits (2012–2013), Līvõkīel-ēstikīel-lețkīel sõnārōntõz, Tartu, Rīga: TÜ, LVA"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "more; used with adjectives to form comparatives"
      ],
      "id": "jo-liv-prep-zS47yn2U",
      "links": [
        [
          "more",
          "more"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/jo/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "juo"
    }
  ],
  "word": "jo"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "lv",
        "3": "jau",
        "t": "yet, already, after all"
      },
      "expansion": "Latvian jau (“yet, already, after all”)",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fi",
        "2": "jo",
        "3": "",
        "4": "already"
      },
      "expansion": "Finnish jo (“already”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*ju"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *ju",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lv",
        "2": "jau"
      },
      "expansion": "jau",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Perhaps borrowed from Latvian jau (“yet, already, after all”). However, compare also Finnish jo (“already”), thus ultimately a common Finnic borrowing from Proto-Germanic *ju that has likely been contaminated by the more figurative senses of Latvian jau, with the latter ultimately a distant cognate of the initial Germanic borrowing.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "jo",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Livonian",
  "lang_code": "liv",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "49 51",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Livonian prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "not everyone makes the same [amount of money] (lit. \"everyone after all doesn't earn the same\")",
          "ref": "Tiit-Rein Viitso, Valts Ernštreits (2012–2013), Līvõkīel-ēstikīel-lețkīel sõnārōntõz, Tartu, Rīga: TÜ, LVA mōnigļikizt, ne jo lǟbõd mōzõ bumblebees, they are already migrating to their burrows (lit. \"going inside of earth\")",
          "text": "amād jo ītist äb peļļõt"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "yet, already, after all"
      ],
      "id": "jo-liv-prep-9yxBwqMJ",
      "links": [
        [
          "yet",
          "yet"
        ],
        [
          "already",
          "already"
        ],
        [
          "after all",
          "after all"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/jo/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "juo"
    }
  ],
  "word": "jo"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Livonian lemmas",
    "Livonian prepositions",
    "Livonian terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "lv",
        "3": "jo",
        "t": "because, yet (more)"
      },
      "expansion": "Latvian jo (“because, yet (more)”)",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Perhaps borrowed from Latvian jo (“because, yet (more)”), /juo/.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "jo",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Livonian",
  "lang_code": "liv",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "long, longer",
          "roman": "pitkā, jo pitkā",
          "text": "Tiit-Rein Viitso, Valts Ernštreits (2012–2013), Līvõkīel-ēstikīel-lețkīel sõnārōntõz, Tartu, Rīga: TÜ, LVA"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "more; used with adjectives to form comparatives"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "more",
          "more"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/jo/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "juo"
    }
  ],
  "word": "jo"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Livonian lemmas",
    "Livonian prepositions",
    "Livonian terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "lv",
        "3": "jau",
        "t": "yet, already, after all"
      },
      "expansion": "Latvian jau (“yet, already, after all”)",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fi",
        "2": "jo",
        "3": "",
        "4": "already"
      },
      "expansion": "Finnish jo (“already”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*ju"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *ju",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lv",
        "2": "jau"
      },
      "expansion": "jau",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Perhaps borrowed from Latvian jau (“yet, already, after all”). However, compare also Finnish jo (“already”), thus ultimately a common Finnic borrowing from Proto-Germanic *ju that has likely been contaminated by the more figurative senses of Latvian jau, with the latter ultimately a distant cognate of the initial Germanic borrowing.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "jo",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Livonian",
  "lang_code": "liv",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "not everyone makes the same [amount of money] (lit. \"everyone after all doesn't earn the same\")",
          "ref": "Tiit-Rein Viitso, Valts Ernštreits (2012–2013), Līvõkīel-ēstikīel-lețkīel sõnārōntõz, Tartu, Rīga: TÜ, LVA mōnigļikizt, ne jo lǟbõd mōzõ bumblebees, they are already migrating to their burrows (lit. \"going inside of earth\")",
          "text": "amād jo ītist äb peļļõt"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "yet, already, after all"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "yet",
          "yet"
        ],
        [
          "already",
          "already"
        ],
        [
          "after all",
          "after all"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/jo/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "juo"
    }
  ],
  "word": "jo"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Livonian dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.