"Kuldīg" meaning in Livonian

See Kuldīg in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Proper name

IPA: /kuldiːɡ/
Etymology: Apparently from Latvian Kuldīga. According to Karulis possibly ultimately from the iterative form of kult (“to beat (eggs, etc.), thrash”) – kuldīt whence kuldīgs (“thrashing around, turbulent (of waters)”), the German Goldingen possibly from an earlier version *Kuldinga. Etymology templates: {{der|liv|lv|Kuldīga}} Latvian Kuldīga, {{m|lv|kult||to beat (eggs, etc.), thrash}} kult (“to beat (eggs, etc.), thrash”), {{m|lv|kuldīt}} kuldīt, {{m|lv|kuldīgs||thrashing around, turbulent (of waters)}} kuldīgs (“thrashing around, turbulent (of waters)”), {{m|de|Goldingen}} Goldingen Head templates: {{head|liv|proper noun}} Kuldīg Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], Kuldīg [nominative, singular], - [nominative, plural], Kuldīg [genitive, singular], - [genitive, plural], Kuldīgt [partitive, singular], - [partitive, plural], Kuldīgõn [dative, singular], - [dative, plural], Kuldīgõks [instrumental, singular], - [instrumental, plural], Kuldīgõ [illative, singular], - [illative, plural], Kuldīgõs [inessive, singular], Kuldīgs [inessive, singular], - [inessive, plural], Kuldīgõst [elative, singular], Kuldīgst [elative, singular], - [elative, plural]
  1. Kuldīga (a town in Courland, Latvia) Categories (place): Places in Latvia, Towns in Latvia
    Sense id: en-Kuldīg-liv-name-gBM2hEzg Categories (other): Livonian entries with incorrect language header, Livonian etymologies from LEV

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for Kuldīg meaning in Livonian (3.8kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "lv",
        "3": "Kuldīga"
      },
      "expansion": "Latvian Kuldīga",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lv",
        "2": "kult",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to beat (eggs, etc.), thrash"
      },
      "expansion": "kult (“to beat (eggs, etc.), thrash”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lv",
        "2": "kuldīt"
      },
      "expansion": "kuldīt",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lv",
        "2": "kuldīgs",
        "3": "",
        "4": "thrashing around, turbulent (of waters)"
      },
      "expansion": "kuldīgs (“thrashing around, turbulent (of waters)”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "Goldingen"
      },
      "expansion": "Goldingen",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Apparently from Latvian Kuldīga. According to Karulis possibly ultimately from the iterative form of kult (“to beat (eggs, etc.), thrash”) – kuldīt whence kuldīgs (“thrashing around, turbulent (of waters)”), the German Goldingen possibly from an earlier version *Kuldinga.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liv-noun",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīgt",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "partitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "partitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīgõn",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīgõks",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīgõ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīgõs",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīgs",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīgõst",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīgst",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "proper noun"
      },
      "expansion": "Kuldīg",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Livonian",
  "lang_code": "liv",
  "pos": "name",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Livonian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Livonian etymologies from LEV",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "place",
          "langcode": "liv",
          "name": "Places in Latvia",
          "orig": "liv:Places in Latvia",
          "parents": [
            "Places",
            "Names",
            "All topics",
            "Proper nouns",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "place",
          "langcode": "liv",
          "name": "Towns in Latvia",
          "orig": "liv:Towns in Latvia",
          "parents": [
            "Towns",
            "Places",
            "Polities",
            "Names",
            "All topics",
            "Proper nouns",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Tiit-Rein Viitso, Valts Ernštreits (2012–2013), Līvõkīel-ēstikīel-lețkīel sõnārōntõz, Tartu, Rīga: TÜ, LVA\nKuldīg – Kuldīga – Kuldīga\nKuldīga – Kuldīga – Kuldīga"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Kuldīga (a town in Courland, Latvia)"
      ],
      "id": "en-Kuldīg-liv-name-gBM2hEzg",
      "links": [
        [
          "Kuldīga",
          "Kuldīga#English"
        ],
        [
          "Courland",
          "Courland#English"
        ],
        [
          "Latvia",
          "Latvia#English"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/kuldiːɡ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "Kuldīg"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "lv",
        "3": "Kuldīga"
      },
      "expansion": "Latvian Kuldīga",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lv",
        "2": "kult",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to beat (eggs, etc.), thrash"
      },
      "expansion": "kult (“to beat (eggs, etc.), thrash”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lv",
        "2": "kuldīt"
      },
      "expansion": "kuldīt",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lv",
        "2": "kuldīgs",
        "3": "",
        "4": "thrashing around, turbulent (of waters)"
      },
      "expansion": "kuldīgs (“thrashing around, turbulent (of waters)”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "Goldingen"
      },
      "expansion": "Goldingen",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Apparently from Latvian Kuldīga. According to Karulis possibly ultimately from the iterative form of kult (“to beat (eggs, etc.), thrash”) – kuldīt whence kuldīgs (“thrashing around, turbulent (of waters)”), the German Goldingen possibly from an earlier version *Kuldinga.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liv-noun",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīg",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīgt",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "partitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "partitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīgõn",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīgõks",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīgõ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīgõs",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīgs",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīgõst",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "Kuldīgst",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "proper noun"
      },
      "expansion": "Kuldīg",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Livonian",
  "lang_code": "liv",
  "pos": "name",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Livonian entries with incorrect language header",
        "Livonian etymologies from LEV",
        "Livonian lemmas",
        "Livonian proper nouns",
        "Livonian terms derived from Latvian",
        "Livonian terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Livonian uncountable nouns",
        "liv:Places in Latvia",
        "liv:Towns in Latvia"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Tiit-Rein Viitso, Valts Ernštreits (2012–2013), Līvõkīel-ēstikīel-lețkīel sõnārōntõz, Tartu, Rīga: TÜ, LVA\nKuldīg – Kuldīga – Kuldīga\nKuldīga – Kuldīga – Kuldīga"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Kuldīga (a town in Courland, Latvia)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Kuldīga",
          "Kuldīga#English"
        ],
        [
          "Courland",
          "Courland#English"
        ],
        [
          "Latvia",
          "Latvia#English"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/kuldiːɡ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "Kuldīg"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Livonian dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-21 using wiktextract (fc4f0c7 and c937495). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.