"-стан" meaning in Kyrgyz

See -стан in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

Forms: -stan [romanization]
Etymology: From Persian ـِسْتَانْ (-estân, “place of”), from Old Persian 𐎿𐎫𐎠𐎴 (s-t-a-n), from Proto-Iranian *stáHnam, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *stáHnam, from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (“to stand”). Etymology templates: {{der|ky|fa|ـِسْتَانْ||place of|tr=-estân}} Persian ـِسْتَانْ (-estân, “place of”), {{der|ky|peo|𐎿𐎫𐎠𐎴}} Old Persian 𐎿𐎫𐎠𐎴 (s-t-a-n), {{der|ky|ira-pro|*stáHnam}} Proto-Iranian *stáHnam, {{der|ky|iir-pro|*stáHnam}} Proto-Indo-Iranian *stáHnam, {{der|ky|ine-pro|*steh₂-||to stand}} Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (“to stand”) Head templates: {{head|ky|suffix}} -стан • (-stan)
  1. Suffix to form country names when added to names of ethnic groups. Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: -стан-ky-suffix-hEyVGpKD
  2. Suffix to form place of something. Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: -стан-ky-suffix-8pGs9om-

Download JSON data for -стан meaning in Kyrgyz (1.9kB)

{
  "categories": [],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ky",
        "2": "fa",
        "3": "ـِسْتَانْ",
        "4": "",
        "5": "place of",
        "tr": "-estân"
      },
      "expansion": "Persian ـِسْتَانْ (-estân, “place of”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ky",
        "2": "peo",
        "3": "𐎿𐎫𐎠𐎴"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Persian 𐎿𐎫𐎠𐎴 (s-t-a-n)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ky",
        "2": "ira-pro",
        "3": "*stáHnam"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Iranian *stáHnam",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ky",
        "2": "iir-pro",
        "3": "*stáHnam"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-Iranian *stáHnam",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ky",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*steh₂-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to stand"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (“to stand”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Persian ـِسْتَانْ (-estân, “place of”), from Old Persian 𐎿𐎫𐎠𐎴 (s-t-a-n), from Proto-Iranian *stáHnam, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *stáHnam, from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (“to stand”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-stan",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ky",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-стан • (-stan)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Kyrgyz",
  "lang_code": "ky",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "кыргыз (kırgız, “Kyrgyz”) + -стан (-stan) → Кыргызстан (Kırgızstan, “Kyrgyzstan”)"
        },
        {
          "text": "өзбек (özbek, “Uzbek”) + -стан (-stan) → Өзбекстан (Özbekstan, “Uzbekistan”)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Suffix to form country names when added to names of ethnic groups."
      ],
      "id": "-стан-ky-suffix-hEyVGpKD",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "гүл (gül, “flower”) + -стан (-stan) → гүлстан (gülstan, “rose garden”)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Suffix to form place of something."
      ],
      "id": "-стан-ky-suffix-8pGs9om-",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-стан"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Kyrgyz lemmas",
    "Kyrgyz suffixes"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ky",
        "2": "fa",
        "3": "ـِسْتَانْ",
        "4": "",
        "5": "place of",
        "tr": "-estân"
      },
      "expansion": "Persian ـِسْتَانْ (-estân, “place of”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ky",
        "2": "peo",
        "3": "𐎿𐎫𐎠𐎴"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Persian 𐎿𐎫𐎠𐎴 (s-t-a-n)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ky",
        "2": "ira-pro",
        "3": "*stáHnam"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Iranian *stáHnam",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ky",
        "2": "iir-pro",
        "3": "*stáHnam"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-Iranian *stáHnam",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ky",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*steh₂-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to stand"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (“to stand”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Persian ـِسْتَانْ (-estân, “place of”), from Old Persian 𐎿𐎫𐎠𐎴 (s-t-a-n), from Proto-Iranian *stáHnam, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *stáHnam, from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (“to stand”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-stan",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ky",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-стан • (-stan)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Kyrgyz",
  "lang_code": "ky",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "кыргыз (kırgız, “Kyrgyz”) + -стан (-stan) → Кыргызстан (Kırgızstan, “Kyrgyzstan”)"
        },
        {
          "text": "өзбек (özbek, “Uzbek”) + -стан (-stan) → Өзбекстан (Özbekstan, “Uzbekistan”)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Suffix to form country names when added to names of ethnic groups."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "гүл (gül, “flower”) + -стан (-stan) → гүлстан (gülstan, “rose garden”)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Suffix to form place of something."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-стан"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Kyrgyz dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.