"-사" meaning in Korean

See -사 in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Particle

IPA: [sʰa~sa] [Busan] Forms: [canonical], -sa [romanization]
Etymology: From Old Korean 沙 (*-sa). Preserves the lost sibilant initial, cf. Middle Korean ᅀᅡ〮 (Yale: -zá). Etymology templates: {{inh|ko|oko|沙|tr=*-sa}} Old Korean 沙 (*-sa), {{cog|okm|-}} Middle Korean, {{okm-l|-ᅀᅡ〮|-zá}} ᅀᅡ〮 (Yale: -zá) Head templates: {{ko-pos|particle}} 사 • (-sa)
  1. Gyeongsang, Hamgyong, Yukjin, and Jeolla dialect form of 야 (-ya, idiomatic emphatic particle). Tags: Gyeongsang, Hamgyong, Jeolla, Yukjin, alt-of, dialectal Alternative form of: (extra: -ya, idiomatic emphatic particle)
    Sense id: en--사-ko-particle-IgcgjKrD Categories (other): Gyeongsang Korean, Hamgyong Korean, Jeolla Korean, Korean links with manual fragments, Korean links with redundant alt parameters, Korean links with redundant wikilinks, Yukjin Korean, Korean entries with incorrect language header, Korean particles, Korean terms with redundant script codes, Korean terms with redundant transliterations Disambiguation of Korean entries with incorrect language header: 34 13 27 27 Disambiguation of Korean terms with redundant script codes: 25 9 33 33 Disambiguation of Korean terms with redundant transliterations: 28 10 31 31
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Suffix

IPA: [sʰa̠] [SK-Standard, Seoul] Forms: [canonical], -sa [romanization]
Etymology: From Middle Korean 샤〮 (Yale: sy-á). Etymology templates: {{inh|ko|okm|-}} Middle Korean, {{okm-l|샤〮|sy-á}} 샤〮 (Yale: sy-á) Head templates: {{ko-pos|suffix}} 사 • (-sa)
  1. Post-vocalic and liquid allomorphic form of 으사 (-eusa). Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--사-ko-suffix-g2bZzIwp Categories (other): Korean terms with redundant transliterations Disambiguation of Korean terms with redundant transliterations: 28 10 31 31
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Suffix

Forms: [canonical], -sa [romanization]
Etymology: Sino-Korean suffixes; see the main entries. Head templates: {{ko-pos|suffix}} 사 • (-sa)
  1. See the entry at 사(社) (sa, “company”). Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--사-ko-suffix-wmYIDtzC Categories (other): Korean links with manual fragments, Korean links with redundant target parameters, Korean terms with redundant script codes, Korean terms with redundant transliterations Disambiguation of Korean terms with redundant script codes: 25 9 33 33 Disambiguation of Korean terms with redundant transliterations: 28 10 31 31
  2. See the entry at 사(史) (sa, “history”). Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--사-ko-suffix-R~7NoFpz Categories (other): Korean links with manual fragments, Korean links with redundant target parameters, Korean terms with redundant script codes, Korean terms with redundant transliterations Disambiguation of Korean terms with redundant script codes: 25 9 33 33 Disambiguation of Korean terms with redundant transliterations: 28 10 31 31
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 3

Download JSON data for -사 meaning in Korean (6.5kB)

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "oko",
        "3": "沙",
        "tr": "*-sa"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Korean 沙 (*-sa)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "okm",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Korean",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ᅀᅡ〮",
        "2": "-zá"
      },
      "expansion": "ᅀᅡ〮 (Yale: -zá)",
      "name": "okm-l"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Korean 沙 (*-sa). Preserves the lost sibilant initial, cf. Middle Korean ᅀᅡ〮 (Yale: -zá).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "사",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-sa",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "particle"
      },
      "expansion": "사 • (-sa)",
      "name": "ko-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Korean",
  "lang_code": "ko",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "-ya, idiomatic emphatic particle",
          "word": "야"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Gyeongsang Korean",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Hamgyong Korean",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Jeolla Korean",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean links with manual fragments",
          "parents": [
            "Links with manual fragments",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean links with redundant alt parameters",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant alt parameters",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean links with redundant wikilinks",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant wikilinks",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Yukjin Korean",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "34 13 27 27",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean particles",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "25 9 33 33",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean terms with redundant script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 10 31 31",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean terms with redundant transliterations",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant transliterations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "I've been waiting here all day long but now you come late?",
          "ref": "1982 August 8, 고상락 [gosangnak], “통두란과 이성계 [tongduran'gwa iseonggye]”, in 한국구비문학대계 [han'gukgubimunhakdaegye], 전라북도 옥구군 대야면 (현 군산시 대야면) [jeollabukdo okgugun daeyamyeon (hyeon gunsansi daeyamyeon)]",
          "roman": "Jeomdeurak gidalleugo iss-eon-neundi injasa neutge wan-nya?",
          "text": "점드락 기달르고 있었는디 인자사 늦게 왔냐?",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Gyeongsang, Hamgyong, Yukjin, and Jeolla dialect form of 야 (-ya, idiomatic emphatic particle)."
      ],
      "id": "en--사-ko-particle-IgcgjKrD",
      "links": [
        [
          "야",
          "-야#emphatic"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Gyeongsang",
        "Hamgyong",
        "Jeolla",
        "Yukjin",
        "alt-of",
        "dialectal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[sʰa~sa]",
      "tags": [
        "Busan"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-사"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "okm",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Korean",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "샤〮",
        "2": "sy-á"
      },
      "expansion": "샤〮 (Yale: sy-á)",
      "name": "okm-l"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Korean 샤〮 (Yale: sy-á).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "사",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-sa",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "사 • (-sa)",
      "name": "ko-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Korean",
  "lang_code": "ko",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "28 10 31 31",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean terms with redundant transliterations",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant transliterations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "夫(부)子(자)ㅣ 溫(온)良(량)恭(공)儉(검)讓(양)하사[…]",
          "text": "Bujae ollyanggonggyeomyang-hasa […]\nFor the Master was humane, upright, courteous, temperate, and complaisant […]\n(from a traditional cantillation of the Analects)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Post-vocalic and liquid allomorphic form of 으사 (-eusa)."
      ],
      "id": "en--사-ko-suffix-g2bZzIwp",
      "links": [
        [
          "vocalic",
          "vocalic"
        ],
        [
          "liquid",
          "liquid"
        ],
        [
          "allomorph",
          "allomorph"
        ],
        [
          "으사",
          "-으사#Korean"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[sʰa̠]",
      "tags": [
        "SK-Standard",
        "Seoul"
      ]
    },
    {
      "other": "[사]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-사"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Korean suffixes; see the main entries.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "사",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-sa",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "사 • (-sa)",
      "name": "ko-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Korean",
  "lang_code": "ko",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean links with manual fragments",
          "parents": [
            "Links with manual fragments",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean links with redundant target parameters",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant target parameters",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "25 9 33 33",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean terms with redundant script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 10 31 31",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean terms with redundant transliterations",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant transliterations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "See the entry at 사(社) (sa, “company”)."
      ],
      "id": "en--사-ko-suffix-wmYIDtzC",
      "links": [
        [
          "사(社)",
          "사#社"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean links with manual fragments",
          "parents": [
            "Links with manual fragments",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean links with redundant target parameters",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant target parameters",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "25 9 33 33",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean terms with redundant script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 10 31 31",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean terms with redundant transliterations",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant transliterations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "See the entry at 사(史) (sa, “history”)."
      ],
      "id": "en--사-ko-suffix-R~7NoFpz",
      "links": [
        [
          "사(史)",
          "사#史"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-사"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Korean entries with incorrect language header",
    "Korean lemmas",
    "Korean particles",
    "Korean suffixes",
    "Korean terms derived from Old Korean",
    "Korean terms inherited from Old Korean",
    "Korean terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Korean terms with redundant script codes",
    "Korean terms with redundant transliterations"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "oko",
        "3": "沙",
        "tr": "*-sa"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Korean 沙 (*-sa)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "okm",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Korean",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-ᅀᅡ〮",
        "2": "-zá"
      },
      "expansion": "ᅀᅡ〮 (Yale: -zá)",
      "name": "okm-l"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Korean 沙 (*-sa). Preserves the lost sibilant initial, cf. Middle Korean ᅀᅡ〮 (Yale: -zá).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "사",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-sa",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "particle"
      },
      "expansion": "사 • (-sa)",
      "name": "ko-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Korean",
  "lang_code": "ko",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "-ya, idiomatic emphatic particle",
          "word": "야"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "Gyeongsang Korean",
        "Hamgyong Korean",
        "Jeolla Korean",
        "Korean links with manual fragments",
        "Korean links with redundant alt parameters",
        "Korean links with redundant wikilinks",
        "Korean terms with quotations",
        "Yukjin Korean"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "I've been waiting here all day long but now you come late?",
          "ref": "1982 August 8, 고상락 [gosangnak], “통두란과 이성계 [tongduran'gwa iseonggye]”, in 한국구비문학대계 [han'gukgubimunhakdaegye], 전라북도 옥구군 대야면 (현 군산시 대야면) [jeollabukdo okgugun daeyamyeon (hyeon gunsansi daeyamyeon)]",
          "roman": "Jeomdeurak gidalleugo iss-eon-neundi injasa neutge wan-nya?",
          "text": "점드락 기달르고 있었는디 인자사 늦게 왔냐?",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Gyeongsang, Hamgyong, Yukjin, and Jeolla dialect form of 야 (-ya, idiomatic emphatic particle)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "야",
          "-야#emphatic"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Gyeongsang",
        "Hamgyong",
        "Jeolla",
        "Yukjin",
        "alt-of",
        "dialectal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[sʰa~sa]",
      "tags": [
        "Busan"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-사"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Korean entries with incorrect language header",
    "Korean lemmas",
    "Korean suffixes",
    "Korean terms derived from Middle Korean",
    "Korean terms inherited from Middle Korean",
    "Korean terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Korean terms with redundant script codes",
    "Korean terms with redundant transliterations"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "okm",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Korean",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "샤〮",
        "2": "sy-á"
      },
      "expansion": "샤〮 (Yale: sy-á)",
      "name": "okm-l"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Korean 샤〮 (Yale: sy-á).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "사",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-sa",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "사 • (-sa)",
      "name": "ko-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Korean",
  "lang_code": "ko",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Korean terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "夫(부)子(자)ㅣ 溫(온)良(량)恭(공)儉(검)讓(양)하사[…]",
          "text": "Bujae ollyanggonggyeomyang-hasa […]\nFor the Master was humane, upright, courteous, temperate, and complaisant […]\n(from a traditional cantillation of the Analects)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Post-vocalic and liquid allomorphic form of 으사 (-eusa)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "vocalic",
          "vocalic"
        ],
        [
          "liquid",
          "liquid"
        ],
        [
          "allomorph",
          "allomorph"
        ],
        [
          "으사",
          "-으사#Korean"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[sʰa̠]",
      "tags": [
        "SK-Standard",
        "Seoul"
      ]
    },
    {
      "other": "[사]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-사"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Korean entries with incorrect language header",
    "Korean lemmas",
    "Korean suffixes",
    "Korean terms with redundant script codes",
    "Korean terms with redundant transliterations"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Korean suffixes; see the main entries.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "사",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-sa",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "사 • (-sa)",
      "name": "ko-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Korean",
  "lang_code": "ko",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Korean links with manual fragments",
        "Korean links with redundant target parameters"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "See the entry at 사(社) (sa, “company”)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "사(社)",
          "사#社"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Korean links with manual fragments",
        "Korean links with redundant target parameters"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "See the entry at 사(史) (sa, “history”)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "사(史)",
          "사#史"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-사"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Korean dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.