"-vi" meaning in Gun

See -vi in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

IPA: /ví/ Forms: -ví [canonical]
Etymology: From Proto-Gbe *-ví (literally “child”) stems from same root as òví (“child”). Cognates include Fon -ví, Saxwe Gbe -ví, Adja -vi, Ewe -vi Etymology templates: {{inh|guw|alv-gbe-pro|*-ví|lit=child}} Proto-Gbe *-ví (literally “child”), {{cog|fon|-ví}} Fon -ví, {{cog|sxw|-ví}} Saxwe Gbe -ví, {{cog|ajg|-vi}} Adja -vi, {{cog|ee|-vi}} Ewe -vi Head templates: {{head|guw|suffix|head=-ví}} -ví
  1. Forms a diminutive noun. Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--vi-guw-suffix-xGdJU3vI
  2. Used to form nouns describing the origin of a person or group of a certain ethnic group or nationality. Tags: morpheme Synonyms: -tɔ́, -tọ́, -nù
    Sense id: en--vi-guw-suffix-ts2rrhKV Categories (other): Gun entries with incorrect language header, Saxwe Gbe terms in nonstandard scripts Disambiguation of Gun entries with incorrect language header: 12 88 Disambiguation of Saxwe Gbe terms in nonstandard scripts: 13 87
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: -vú
Derived forms: adɔ̀ví (english: intestine), adọ̀ví (english: intestine), Gunnùví (english: the Gun community), àfɔ̀ví (english: toe), àfọ̀ví (english: toe), àlọ̀ví (english: finger), àxɔ́ví (english: prince), Benɛ́tòví (english: Beninese citizen), Benɛ́ví (english: Beninese citizen), Benẹ́tòví (english: Beninese citizen), Benẹ́ví (english: Beninese citizen), tòví (english: citizen)

Download JSONL data for -vi meaning in Gun (3.1kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "intestine",
      "word": "adɔ̀ví"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "intestine",
      "word": "adọ̀ví"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "the Gun community",
      "word": "Gunnùví"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "toe",
      "word": "àfɔ̀ví"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "toe",
      "word": "àfọ̀ví"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "finger",
      "word": "àlọ̀ví"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "prince",
      "word": "àxɔ́ví"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "Beninese citizen",
      "word": "Benɛ́tòví"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "Beninese citizen",
      "word": "Benɛ́ví"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "Beninese citizen",
      "word": "Benẹ́tòví"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "Beninese citizen",
      "word": "Benẹ́ví"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "citizen",
      "word": "tòví"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "guw",
        "2": "alv-gbe-pro",
        "3": "*-ví",
        "lit": "child"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Gbe *-ví (literally “child”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fon",
        "2": "-ví"
      },
      "expansion": "Fon -ví",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sxw",
        "2": "-ví"
      },
      "expansion": "Saxwe Gbe -ví",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ajg",
        "2": "-vi"
      },
      "expansion": "Adja -vi",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ee",
        "2": "-vi"
      },
      "expansion": "Ewe -vi",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Gbe *-ví (literally “child”) stems from same root as òví (“child”). Cognates include Fon -ví, Saxwe Gbe -ví, Adja -vi, Ewe -vi",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-ví",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "guw",
        "2": "suffix",
        "head": "-ví"
      },
      "expansion": "-ví",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Gun",
  "lang_code": "guw",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "àvún (“dog”) → àvúnví (“puppy”, literally “little dog”)"
        },
        {
          "text": "àlɔ̀ (“hand”) → àlɔ̀ví (“finger”, literally “little hand”)"
        },
        {
          "text": "kòkló (“chicken”) → kòklóví (“chick”, literally “little chicken”)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forms a diminutive noun."
      ],
      "id": "en--vi-guw-suffix-xGdJU3vI",
      "links": [
        [
          "diminutive",
          "diminutive#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "12 88",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Gun entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "13 87",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Saxwe Gbe terms in nonstandard scripts",
          "parents": [
            "Terms in nonstandard scripts",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "tò (“country”) → tòví (“citizen”, literally “child of the country”)"
        },
        {
          "text": "Benɛ́tò (“the country of Benin”) → Benɛ́tòví (“Beninese citizen”, literally “child of Benin”)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used to form nouns describing the origin of a person or group of a certain ethnic group or nationality."
      ],
      "id": "en--vi-guw-suffix-ts2rrhKV",
      "links": [
        [
          "person",
          "person"
        ],
        [
          "group",
          "group"
        ],
        [
          "ethnic group",
          "ethnic group"
        ],
        [
          "nationality",
          "nationality"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-tɔ́"
        },
        {
          "word": "-tọ́"
        },
        {
          "word": "-nù"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ví/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "-vú"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-vi"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Gun entries with incorrect language header",
    "Gun lemmas",
    "Gun suffixes",
    "Gun terms derived from Proto-Gbe",
    "Gun terms inherited from Proto-Gbe",
    "Gun terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Saxwe Gbe terms in nonstandard scripts"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "english": "intestine",
      "word": "adɔ̀ví"
    },
    {
      "english": "intestine",
      "word": "adọ̀ví"
    },
    {
      "english": "the Gun community",
      "word": "Gunnùví"
    },
    {
      "english": "toe",
      "word": "àfɔ̀ví"
    },
    {
      "english": "toe",
      "word": "àfọ̀ví"
    },
    {
      "english": "finger",
      "word": "àlọ̀ví"
    },
    {
      "english": "prince",
      "word": "àxɔ́ví"
    },
    {
      "english": "Beninese citizen",
      "word": "Benɛ́tòví"
    },
    {
      "english": "Beninese citizen",
      "word": "Benɛ́ví"
    },
    {
      "english": "Beninese citizen",
      "word": "Benẹ́tòví"
    },
    {
      "english": "Beninese citizen",
      "word": "Benẹ́ví"
    },
    {
      "english": "citizen",
      "word": "tòví"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "guw",
        "2": "alv-gbe-pro",
        "3": "*-ví",
        "lit": "child"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Gbe *-ví (literally “child”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fon",
        "2": "-ví"
      },
      "expansion": "Fon -ví",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sxw",
        "2": "-ví"
      },
      "expansion": "Saxwe Gbe -ví",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ajg",
        "2": "-vi"
      },
      "expansion": "Adja -vi",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ee",
        "2": "-vi"
      },
      "expansion": "Ewe -vi",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Gbe *-ví (literally “child”) stems from same root as òví (“child”). Cognates include Fon -ví, Saxwe Gbe -ví, Adja -vi, Ewe -vi",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-ví",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "guw",
        "2": "suffix",
        "head": "-ví"
      },
      "expansion": "-ví",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Gun",
  "lang_code": "guw",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "àvún (“dog”) → àvúnví (“puppy”, literally “little dog”)"
        },
        {
          "text": "àlɔ̀ (“hand”) → àlɔ̀ví (“finger”, literally “little hand”)"
        },
        {
          "text": "kòkló (“chicken”) → kòklóví (“chick”, literally “little chicken”)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forms a diminutive noun."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "diminutive",
          "diminutive#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Gun compound terms"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "tò (“country”) → tòví (“citizen”, literally “child of the country”)"
        },
        {
          "text": "Benɛ́tò (“the country of Benin”) → Benɛ́tòví (“Beninese citizen”, literally “child of Benin”)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used to form nouns describing the origin of a person or group of a certain ethnic group or nationality."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "person",
          "person"
        ],
        [
          "group",
          "group"
        ],
        [
          "ethnic group",
          "ethnic group"
        ],
        [
          "nationality",
          "nationality"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-tɔ́"
        },
        {
          "word": "-tọ́"
        },
        {
          "word": "-nù"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ví/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "-vú"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-vi"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Gun dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (f8674bc and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.