"-vi" meaning in Finnish

See -vi in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

Etymology: From Proto-Finnic *-bi, weak grade of *-pi, derived from Proto-Finnic *-pa (participle ending). Compare Estonian -b. Etymology templates: {{inh|fi|urj-fin-pro|*-bi}} Proto-Finnic *-bi, {{der|fi|urj-fin-pro|*-pa|pos=participle ending}} Proto-Finnic *-pa (participle ending), {{cog|et|-b}} Estonian -b Head templates: {{head|fi|suffix}} -vi
  1. An archaic/poetic variant of the standard third-person present. Tags: morpheme Synonyms: -pi
    Sense id: en--vi-fi-suffix-SE8OvLb6 Categories (other): Finnish entries with incorrect language header

Download JSONL data for -vi meaning in Finnish (1.4kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fi",
        "2": "urj-fin-pro",
        "3": "*-bi"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Finnic *-bi",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fi",
        "2": "urj-fin-pro",
        "3": "*-pa",
        "pos": "participle ending"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Finnic *-pa (participle ending)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "et",
        "2": "-b"
      },
      "expansion": "Estonian -b",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Finnic *-bi, weak grade of *-pi, derived from Proto-Finnic *-pa (participle ending). Compare Estonian -b.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fi",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-vi",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Finnish",
  "lang_code": "fi",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Finnish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Mastered by desire impulsive, by a mighty inward urging, I am ready now for singing, ready to begin the chanting.",
          "ref": "1849, Elias Lönnrot, “Pream”, in John Martin Crawford, transl., Kalevala",
          "text": "Mieleni minun tekevi, aivoni ajattelevi, lähteäni laulamahan, saa’ani sanelemahan, sukuvirttä suoltamahan, lajivirttä laulamahan.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "An archaic/poetic variant of the standard third-person present."
      ],
      "id": "en--vi-fi-suffix-SE8OvLb6",
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-pi"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-vi"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fi",
        "2": "urj-fin-pro",
        "3": "*-bi"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Finnic *-bi",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fi",
        "2": "urj-fin-pro",
        "3": "*-pa",
        "pos": "participle ending"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Finnic *-pa (participle ending)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "et",
        "2": "-b"
      },
      "expansion": "Estonian -b",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Finnic *-bi, weak grade of *-pi, derived from Proto-Finnic *-pa (participle ending). Compare Estonian -b.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fi",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-vi",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Finnish",
  "lang_code": "fi",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Finnish entries with incorrect language header",
        "Finnish lemmas",
        "Finnish suffixes",
        "Finnish terms derived from Proto-Finnic",
        "Finnish terms inherited from Proto-Finnic",
        "Finnish terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Mastered by desire impulsive, by a mighty inward urging, I am ready now for singing, ready to begin the chanting.",
          "ref": "1849, Elias Lönnrot, “Pream”, in John Martin Crawford, transl., Kalevala",
          "text": "Mieleni minun tekevi, aivoni ajattelevi, lähteäni laulamahan, saa’ani sanelemahan, sukuvirttä suoltamahan, lajivirttä laulamahan.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "An archaic/poetic variant of the standard third-person present."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "-pi"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-vi"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Finnish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (f8674bc and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.