"-" meaning in Finnish

See - in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Punctuation

Head templates: {{head|fi|punctuation mark}} -
  1. Delimits parts of compound words
    when a part ends in the same vowel the next part starts with.
    Sense id: en---fi-punct-Zw7jDek3 Categories (other): Finnish usage examples with omitted translation, Finnish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Finnish entries with incorrect language header: 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2
  2. Delimits parts of compound words
    (optional) when the former part ends in a vowel and the next part starts with a vowel, to avoid ambiguity or to help readability.
    Sense id: en---fi-punct-RH3~9GLw Categories (other): Finnish usage examples with omitted translation, Finnish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Finnish entries with incorrect language header: 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2
  3. Delimits parts of compound words
    (optional) when a part ends in a consonant and the next part starts with a vowel, to avoid ambiguity or to help readability.
    Sense id: en---fi-punct-tq~MYoX1 Categories (other): Finnish usage examples with omitted translation, Finnish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Finnish entries with incorrect language header: 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2
  4. Delimits parts of compound words
    in certain dvandva or coordinative compounds where the parts are considered 'equal'.
    Sense id: en---fi-punct-4nsCbFwV Categories (other): Finnish usage examples with omitted translation, Finnish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Finnish entries with incorrect language header: 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2
  5. Delimits parts of compound words
    when at least one of the two parts
    contains a space (a space is written before the hyphen if the previous part contains a space, and vice versa, but not both).
    Categories (topical): Finnish punctuation marks
    Sense id: en---fi-punct-i6uixlj8 Disambiguation of Finnish punctuation marks: 8 8 8 8 10 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 2 Categories (other): Finnish usage examples with omitted translation, Finnish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Finnish entries with incorrect language header: 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2
  6. Delimits parts of compound words
    when at least one of the two parts
    is a proper noun in the nominative case (unless it has been assimilated to the point it is no longer capitalized), chiefly in words that are not themselves proper nouns.
    Sense id: en---fi-punct-YY~XbqW5 Categories (other): Finnish usage examples with omitted translation, Finnish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Finnish entries with incorrect language header: 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2
  7. Delimits parts of compound words
    when at least one of the two parts
    (optional) is a proper noun in the genitive case (unless it has been assimilated to the point it is no longer capitalized), for clarity and to avoid ambiguity.
    Sense id: en---fi-punct-BImDl5JM Categories (other): Finnish usage examples with omitted translation, Finnish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Finnish entries with incorrect language header: 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2
  8. Delimits parts of compound words
    when at least one of the two parts
    is an abbreviation, acronym or initialism (optional if it is the final component and spelled in lowercase).
    Sense id: en---fi-punct-kOikOfVL Categories (other): Finnish usage examples with omitted translation, Finnish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Finnish entries with incorrect language header: 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2
  9. Delimits parts of compound words
    when at least one of the two parts
    is a letter, number or symbol.
    Sense id: en---fi-punct-5HxW1p17 Categories (other): Finnish usage examples with omitted translation, Finnish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Finnish entries with incorrect language header: 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2
  10. Delimits parts of compound words
    when at least one of the two parts
    is a particle or a word treated as such.
    Sense id: en---fi-punct-hlYmIqg5 Categories (other): Finnish usage examples with omitted translation, Finnish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Finnish entries with incorrect language header: 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2
  11. Delimits parts of compound words
    when at least one of the two parts
    (in some cases) is an unadapted loanword.
    Sense id: en---fi-punct-uNS7xP8k Categories (other): Finnish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Finnish entries with incorrect language header: 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2
  12. Represents omission of repeated parts of compound words in a list ("suspended hyphen"). Categories (topical): Finnish punctuation marks
    Sense id: en---fi-punct-1uBkT2uH Disambiguation of Finnish punctuation marks: 8 8 8 8 10 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 2
  13. Used for hyphenation or splitting words across lines.
    Sense id: en---fi-punct-qkbTUppR

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for - meaning in Finnish (10.6kB)

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fi",
        "2": "punctuation mark"
      },
      "expansion": "-",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Finnish",
  "lang_code": "fi",
  "pos": "punct",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Finnish usage examples with omitted translation",
          "parents": [
            "Usage examples with omitted translation",
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          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Finnish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "linja + auto → linja-auto",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when a part ends in the same vowel the next part starts with."
      ],
      "id": "en---fi-punct-Zw7jDek3",
      "links": [
        [
          "compound word",
          "compound word#English"
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      "raw_tags": [
        "punctuation"
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    {
      "categories": [
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          "name": "Finnish usage examples with omitted translation",
          "parents": [
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          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Finnish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "laulu + ilta → lauluilta ~ laulu-ilta (compare lauluilta (elative form))",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when the former part ends in a vowel and the next part starts with a vowel, to avoid ambiguity or to help readability."
      ],
      "id": "en---fi-punct-RH3~9GLw",
      "links": [
        [
          "compound word",
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      ],
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      "raw_glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "(optional) when the former part ends in a vowel and the next part starts with a vowel, to avoid ambiguity or to help readability."
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          "_dis": "8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Finnish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "punos + aita → punosaita ~ punos-aita",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when a part ends in a consonant and the next part starts with a vowel, to avoid ambiguity or to help readability."
      ],
      "id": "en---fi-punct-tq~MYoX1",
      "links": [
        [
          "compound word",
          "compound word#English"
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      ],
      "qualifier": "optional",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "(optional) when a part ends in a consonant and the next part starts with a vowel, to avoid ambiguity or to help readability."
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      "raw_tags": [
        "punctuation"
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          "_dis": "8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Finnish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "parturi + kampaaja → parturi-kampaaja",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "in certain dvandva or coordinative compounds where the parts are considered 'equal'."
      ],
      "id": "en---fi-punct-4nsCbFwV",
      "links": [
        [
          "compound word",
          "compound word#English"
        ],
        [
          "dvandva",
          "dvandva#English"
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        "punctuation"
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      "categories": [
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          "name": "Finnish usage examples with omitted translation",
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          "_dis": "8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2",
          "kind": "other",
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          "_dis": "8 8 8 8 10 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 2",
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            "Communication",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
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      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "stand up + koomikko → stand up ‑koomikko",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when at least one of the two parts",
        "contains a space (a space is written before the hyphen if the previous part contains a space, and vice versa, but not both)."
      ],
      "id": "en---fi-punct-i6uixlj8",
      "links": [
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        "punctuation"
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          "_dis": "8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Finnish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Suomi + kuva → Suomi-kuva",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when at least one of the two parts",
        "is a proper noun in the nominative case (unless it has been assimilated to the point it is no longer capitalized), chiefly in words that are not themselves proper nouns."
      ],
      "id": "en---fi-punct-YY~XbqW5",
      "links": [
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          "compound word",
          "compound word#English"
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        "punctuation"
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          "name": "Finnish usage examples with omitted translation",
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        {
          "_dis": "8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Finnish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Saksan + matka → Saksan-matka (“trip to Germany”) (compare Saksan matka (“trip to Germany, Germany's trip”))",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when at least one of the two parts",
        "is a proper noun in the genitive case (unless it has been assimilated to the point it is no longer capitalized), for clarity and to avoid ambiguity."
      ],
      "id": "en---fi-punct-BImDl5JM",
      "links": [
        [
          "compound word",
          "compound word#English"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "optional",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when at least one of the two parts",
        "(optional) is a proper noun in the genitive case (unless it has been assimilated to the point it is no longer capitalized), for clarity and to avoid ambiguity."
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "punctuation"
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    },
    {
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            "Usage examples with omitted translation",
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        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Finnish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "NATO + jäsenyys → NATO-jäsenyys",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when at least one of the two parts",
        "is an abbreviation, acronym or initialism (optional if it is the final component and spelled in lowercase)."
      ],
      "id": "en---fi-punct-kOikOfVL",
      "links": [
        [
          "compound word",
          "compound word#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "punctuation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
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          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Finnish usage examples with omitted translation",
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            "Usage examples with omitted translation",
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        {
          "_dis": "8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Finnish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "20 + -vuotias → 20-vuotias",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "C + vitamiini → C-vitamiini",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when at least one of the two parts",
        "is a letter, number or symbol."
      ],
      "id": "en---fi-punct-5HxW1p17",
      "links": [
        [
          "compound word",
          "compound word#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "punctuation"
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    },
    {
      "categories": [
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          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Finnish usage examples with omitted translation",
          "parents": [
            "Usage examples with omitted translation",
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          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Finnish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "ei + toivottu → ei-toivottu",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when at least one of the two parts",
        "is a particle or a word treated as such."
      ],
      "id": "en---fi-punct-hlYmIqg5",
      "links": [
        [
          "compound word",
          "compound word#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "punctuation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Finnish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when at least one of the two parts",
        "is an unadapted loanword."
      ],
      "id": "en---fi-punct-uNS7xP8k",
      "links": [
        [
          "compound word",
          "compound word#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when at least one of the two parts",
        "(in some cases) is an unadapted loanword."
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "in some cases",
        "punctuation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "8 8 8 8 10 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 2",
          "kind": "topical",
          "name": "Finnish punctuation marks",
          "parents": [
            "Punctuation marks",
            "Letters, symbols, and punctuation",
            "Symbols",
            "Orthography",
            "Writing",
            "Human behaviour",
            "Language",
            "Human",
            "Communication",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "date/time (of birth) and place of birth",
          "text": "syntymäaika ja ‑paikka = syntymäaika ja syntymäpaikka",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "strawberry (jam), bilberry (jam) and raspberry jam",
          "text": "mansikka-, mustikka- ja vadelmahillo = mansikkahillo, mustikkahillo ja vadelmahillo",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Represents omission of repeated parts of compound words in a list (\"suspended hyphen\")."
      ],
      "id": "en---fi-punct-1uBkT2uH",
      "links": [
        [
          "suspended hyphen",
          "suspended hyphen#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "punctuation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Used for hyphenation or splitting words across lines."
      ],
      "id": "en---fi-punct-qkbTUppR",
      "links": [
        [
          "hyphenation",
          "hyphenation#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "punctuation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-"
}
{
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    "Finnish lemmas",
    "Finnish punctuation marks"
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      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "linja + auto → linja-auto",
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        }
      ],
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        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when a part ends in the same vowel the next part starts with."
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          "text": "laulu + ilta → lauluilta ~ laulu-ilta (compare lauluilta (elative form))",
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        }
      ],
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        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when the former part ends in a vowel and the next part starts with a vowel, to avoid ambiguity or to help readability."
      ],
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        [
          "compound word",
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      ],
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        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "(optional) when the former part ends in a vowel and the next part starts with a vowel, to avoid ambiguity or to help readability."
      ],
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        "punctuation"
      ]
    },
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      "categories": [
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        {
          "text": "punos + aita → punosaita ~ punos-aita",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when a part ends in a consonant and the next part starts with a vowel, to avoid ambiguity or to help readability."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "compound word",
          "compound word#English"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "optional",
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        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "(optional) when a part ends in a consonant and the next part starts with a vowel, to avoid ambiguity or to help readability."
      ],
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        "punctuation"
      ]
    },
    {
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        "Finnish terms with usage examples",
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      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "parturi + kampaaja → parturi-kampaaja",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "in certain dvandva or coordinative compounds where the parts are considered 'equal'."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "compound word",
          "compound word#English"
        ],
        [
          "dvandva",
          "dvandva#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "punctuation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Finnish terms with usage examples",
        "Finnish usage examples with omitted translation"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "stand up + koomikko → stand up ‑koomikko",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when at least one of the two parts",
        "contains a space (a space is written before the hyphen if the previous part contains a space, and vice versa, but not both)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "compound word",
          "compound word#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "punctuation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Finnish terms with usage examples",
        "Finnish usage examples with omitted translation"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Suomi + kuva → Suomi-kuva",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when at least one of the two parts",
        "is a proper noun in the nominative case (unless it has been assimilated to the point it is no longer capitalized), chiefly in words that are not themselves proper nouns."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "compound word",
          "compound word#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "punctuation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Finnish terms with usage examples",
        "Finnish usage examples with omitted translation"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Saksan + matka → Saksan-matka (“trip to Germany”) (compare Saksan matka (“trip to Germany, Germany's trip”))",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when at least one of the two parts",
        "is a proper noun in the genitive case (unless it has been assimilated to the point it is no longer capitalized), for clarity and to avoid ambiguity."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "compound word",
          "compound word#English"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "optional",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when at least one of the two parts",
        "(optional) is a proper noun in the genitive case (unless it has been assimilated to the point it is no longer capitalized), for clarity and to avoid ambiguity."
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "punctuation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Finnish terms with usage examples",
        "Finnish usage examples with omitted translation"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "NATO + jäsenyys → NATO-jäsenyys",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when at least one of the two parts",
        "is an abbreviation, acronym or initialism (optional if it is the final component and spelled in lowercase)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "compound word",
          "compound word#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "punctuation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Finnish terms with usage examples",
        "Finnish usage examples with omitted translation"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "20 + -vuotias → 20-vuotias",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "C + vitamiini → C-vitamiini",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when at least one of the two parts",
        "is a letter, number or symbol."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "compound word",
          "compound word#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "punctuation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Finnish terms with usage examples",
        "Finnish usage examples with omitted translation"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "ei + toivottu → ei-toivottu",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when at least one of the two parts",
        "is a particle or a word treated as such."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "compound word",
          "compound word#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "punctuation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when at least one of the two parts",
        "is an unadapted loanword."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "compound word",
          "compound word#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "Delimits parts of compound words",
        "when at least one of the two parts",
        "(in some cases) is an unadapted loanword."
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "in some cases",
        "punctuation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Finnish terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "date/time (of birth) and place of birth",
          "text": "syntymäaika ja ‑paikka = syntymäaika ja syntymäpaikka",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "strawberry (jam), bilberry (jam) and raspberry jam",
          "text": "mansikka-, mustikka- ja vadelmahillo = mansikkahillo, mustikkahillo ja vadelmahillo",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Represents omission of repeated parts of compound words in a list (\"suspended hyphen\")."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "suspended hyphen",
          "suspended hyphen#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "punctuation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Used for hyphenation or splitting words across lines."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "hyphenation",
          "hyphenation#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "punctuation"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Finnish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.