"per" meaning in Catalan

See per in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Preposition

IPA: [pər] [Balearic, Central], [per] [Valencian] Audio: LL-Q7026 (cat)-Unjoanqualsevol-per.wav
Etymology: Inherited from Old Catalan per, from Latin per, appropriating the senses of Latin prō as well. Etymology templates: {{glossary|Inherited}} Inherited, {{inh|ca|roa-oca|per|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Old Catalan per, {{inh+|ca|roa-oca|per}} Inherited from Old Catalan per, {{inh|ca|la|per}} Latin per, {{m|la|prō}} prō Head templates: {{head|ca|preposition}} per
  1. through, via: used in indicating the medium through which passage occurs
    Sense id: en-per-ca-prep-oqRMs8th Categories (other): Catalan entries with incorrect language header, Catalan prepositions Disambiguation of Catalan entries with incorrect language header: 15 11 12 20 17 13 2 10 Disambiguation of Catalan prepositions: 12 12 13 15 11 12 13 12
  2. at, during, in: used in indicating the time at which an event occurs
    Sense id: en-per-ca-prep-zYcihBeZ Categories (other): Catalan entries with incorrect language header, Catalan prepositions Disambiguation of Catalan entries with incorrect language header: 15 11 12 20 17 13 2 10 Disambiguation of Catalan prepositions: 12 12 13 15 11 12 13 12
  3. during, for: used in indicating the duration of time for which an event occurs
    Sense id: en-per-ca-prep-XPt15hlT Categories (other): Catalan entries with incorrect language header, Catalan prepositions Disambiguation of Catalan entries with incorrect language header: 15 11 12 20 17 13 2 10 Disambiguation of Catalan prepositions: 12 12 13 15 11 12 13 12
  4. because, because of: used in indicating the reason an action was undertaken
    Sense id: en-per-ca-prep-wZplp9pi Categories (other): Catalan entries with incorrect language header, Catalan prepositions Disambiguation of Catalan entries with incorrect language header: 15 11 12 20 17 13 2 10 Disambiguation of Catalan prepositions: 12 12 13 15 11 12 13 12
  5. (when followed by a verbal noun) used in indicating the activity one intends to do because of an action
    Sense id: en-per-ca-prep-z~qPFZCb Categories (other): Catalan entries with incorrect language header, Catalan prepositions Disambiguation of Catalan entries with incorrect language header: 15 11 12 20 17 13 2 10 Disambiguation of Catalan prepositions: 12 12 13 15 11 12 13 12
  6. by: used in indicating the agent responsible for an action
    Sense id: en-per-ca-prep-3RXHxULS Categories (other): Catalan entries with incorrect language header, Catalan prepositions Disambiguation of Catalan entries with incorrect language header: 15 11 12 20 17 13 2 10 Disambiguation of Catalan prepositions: 12 12 13 15 11 12 13 12
  7. for each; for every
    Sense id: en-per-ca-prep-otbkLoDS Categories (other): Catalan prepositions Disambiguation of Catalan prepositions: 12 12 13 15 11 12 13 12
  8. a, for, per: used in indicating a rate of exchange
    Sense id: en-per-ca-prep-qazTPrg6 Categories (other): Catalan entries with incorrect language header, Catalan prepositions Disambiguation of Catalan entries with incorrect language header: 15 11 12 20 17 13 2 10 Disambiguation of Catalan prepositions: 12 12 13 15 11 12 13 12
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated

Download JSON data for per meaning in Catalan (6.6kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per a"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per a que"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per ara"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per caritat"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per casualitat"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per cent"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per cert"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per culpa de"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per descomptat"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per exemple"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per favor"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per fi"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per l'amor de Déu"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per mitjà de"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per molts anys"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per poc"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per què"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per sempre"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per sort"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per tal de"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per tal que"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "per tant"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "roa-oca",
        "3": "per",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Old Catalan per",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "roa-oca",
        "3": "per"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Old Catalan per",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "per"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin per",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "prō"
      },
      "expansion": "prō",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Old Catalan per, from Latin per, appropriating the senses of Latin prō as well.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "per",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Catalan",
  "lang_code": "ca",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "15 11 12 20 17 13 2 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "12 12 13 15 11 12 13 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "through, via: used in indicating the medium through which passage occurs"
      ],
      "id": "en-per-ca-prep-oqRMs8th",
      "links": [
        [
          "through",
          "through"
        ],
        [
          "via",
          "via"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "15 11 12 20 17 13 2 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "12 12 13 15 11 12 13 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "at, during, in: used in indicating the time at which an event occurs"
      ],
      "id": "en-per-ca-prep-zYcihBeZ",
      "links": [
        [
          "at",
          "at"
        ],
        [
          "during",
          "during"
        ],
        [
          "in",
          "in"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "15 11 12 20 17 13 2 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "12 12 13 15 11 12 13 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "during, for: used in indicating the duration of time for which an event occurs"
      ],
      "id": "en-per-ca-prep-XPt15hlT",
      "links": [
        [
          "during",
          "during"
        ],
        [
          "for",
          "for"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "15 11 12 20 17 13 2 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "12 12 13 15 11 12 13 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "because, because of: used in indicating the reason an action was undertaken"
      ],
      "id": "en-per-ca-prep-wZplp9pi",
      "links": [
        [
          "because",
          "because"
        ],
        [
          "because of",
          "because of"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "15 11 12 20 17 13 2 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "12 12 13 15 11 12 13 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "My brother will go to Tahiti (in order) to vacation on the beach.",
          "text": "El meu germà anirà a Tahití per vacar a la platja.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used in indicating the activity one intends to do because of an action"
      ],
      "id": "en-per-ca-prep-z~qPFZCb",
      "qualifier": "when followed by a verbal noun",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(when followed by a verbal noun) used in indicating the activity one intends to do because of an action"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "15 11 12 20 17 13 2 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "12 12 13 15 11 12 13 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "by: used in indicating the agent responsible for an action"
      ],
      "id": "en-per-ca-prep-3RXHxULS",
      "links": [
        [
          "by",
          "by"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "12 12 13 15 11 12 13 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "for each; for every"
      ],
      "id": "en-per-ca-prep-otbkLoDS",
      "links": [
        [
          "each",
          "each"
        ],
        [
          "every",
          "every"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "15 11 12 20 17 13 2 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "12 12 13 15 11 12 13 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "a, for, per: used in indicating a rate of exchange"
      ],
      "id": "en-per-ca-prep-qazTPrg6",
      "links": [
        [
          "a",
          "a"
        ],
        [
          "for",
          "for"
        ],
        [
          "per",
          "per#English"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[pər]",
      "tags": [
        "Balearic",
        "Central"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[per]",
      "tags": [
        "Valencian"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q7026 (cat)-Unjoanqualsevol-per.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/5/5b/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-per.wav/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-per.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/5/5b/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-per.wav/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-per.wav.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "per"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Catalan entries with incorrect language header",
    "Catalan lemmas",
    "Catalan prepositions",
    "Catalan terms derived from Latin",
    "Catalan terms derived from Old Catalan",
    "Catalan terms inherited from Latin",
    "Catalan terms inherited from Old Catalan",
    "Catalan terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Catalan terms with audio links"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "per a"
    },
    {
      "word": "per a que"
    },
    {
      "word": "per ara"
    },
    {
      "word": "per caritat"
    },
    {
      "word": "per casualitat"
    },
    {
      "word": "per cent"
    },
    {
      "word": "per cert"
    },
    {
      "word": "per culpa de"
    },
    {
      "word": "per descomptat"
    },
    {
      "word": "per exemple"
    },
    {
      "word": "per favor"
    },
    {
      "word": "per fi"
    },
    {
      "word": "per l'amor de Déu"
    },
    {
      "word": "per mitjà de"
    },
    {
      "word": "per molts anys"
    },
    {
      "word": "per poc"
    },
    {
      "word": "per què"
    },
    {
      "word": "per sempre"
    },
    {
      "word": "per sort"
    },
    {
      "word": "per tal de"
    },
    {
      "word": "per tal que"
    },
    {
      "word": "per tant"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "roa-oca",
        "3": "per",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Old Catalan per",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "roa-oca",
        "3": "per"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Old Catalan per",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "per"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin per",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "prō"
      },
      "expansion": "prō",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Old Catalan per, from Latin per, appropriating the senses of Latin prō as well.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "per",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Catalan",
  "lang_code": "ca",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "through, via: used in indicating the medium through which passage occurs"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "through",
          "through"
        ],
        [
          "via",
          "via"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "at, during, in: used in indicating the time at which an event occurs"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "at",
          "at"
        ],
        [
          "during",
          "during"
        ],
        [
          "in",
          "in"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "during, for: used in indicating the duration of time for which an event occurs"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "during",
          "during"
        ],
        [
          "for",
          "for"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "because, because of: used in indicating the reason an action was undertaken"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "because",
          "because"
        ],
        [
          "because of",
          "because of"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Catalan terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "My brother will go to Tahiti (in order) to vacation on the beach.",
          "text": "El meu germà anirà a Tahití per vacar a la platja.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used in indicating the activity one intends to do because of an action"
      ],
      "qualifier": "when followed by a verbal noun",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(when followed by a verbal noun) used in indicating the activity one intends to do because of an action"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "by: used in indicating the agent responsible for an action"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "by",
          "by"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "for each; for every"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "each",
          "each"
        ],
        [
          "every",
          "every"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "a, for, per: used in indicating a rate of exchange"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "a",
          "a"
        ],
        [
          "for",
          "for"
        ],
        [
          "per",
          "per#English"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[pər]",
      "tags": [
        "Balearic",
        "Central"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[per]",
      "tags": [
        "Valencian"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q7026 (cat)-Unjoanqualsevol-per.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/5/5b/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-per.wav/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-per.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/5/5b/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-per.wav/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-per.wav.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "per"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Catalan dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.