"bẹńi" meaning in All languages combined

See bẹńi on Wiktionary

Noun [Proto-Turkic]

Etymology: A root with puzzling reflexes, according to Clauson. Räsänen compares this reconstruction with Old Uyghur [script needed] (mäŋi, “joy, luck”) and proposes a relation with Hungarian fej, fő, Finnish pää (both inherited from Proto-Uralic *päŋe) and Mongolian [script needed] (heki). Eren (1999), however, calls this comparison into doubt. Altaicists, on the other hand, reconstruct this proto-form as *beyŋi, which is then compared to Mongolian манлай (manlaj, “forehead”) and Japanese 耳 (mimi, “ear”). Etymology templates: {{cog|oui||t=joy, luck|tr=mäŋi}} Old Uyghur [script needed] (mäŋi, “joy, luck”), {{noncog|hu|fej}} Hungarian fej, {{noncog|fi|pää}} Finnish pää, {{noncog|urj-pro|*päŋe}} Proto-Uralic *päŋe, {{noncog|mn||tr=heki}} Mongolian [script needed] (heki), {{noncog|mn|манлай|t=forehead}} Mongolian манлай (manlaj, “forehead”), {{noncog|ja|耳|t=ear|tr=mimi}} Japanese 耳 (mimi, “ear”) Head templates: {{head|trk-pro|noun}} *bẹńi
  1. brain Wikipedia link: Dīwān Lughāt al-Turk, tr:Besim Atalay Tags: reconstruction Synonyms: bẹŋi, beyŋi

Download JSON data for bẹńi meaning in All languages combined (9.5kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Oghur:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cv",
            "2": "миме"
          },
          "expansion": "Chuvash: миме (mime)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Chuvash: миме (mime)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Common Turkic:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xng",
            "2": "",
            "bor": "1",
            "tr": "miyi"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Middle Mongol: [script needed] (miyi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Middle Mongol: [script needed] (miyi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Arghu: *men"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "klj",
            "tr": "mẹi̯n"
          },
          "expansion": "Khalaj: [script needed] (mẹi̯n)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Khalaj: [script needed] (mẹi̯n)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Oghuz: *beyni"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "trk-oat",
            "tr": "beyni"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Anatolian Turkish: [script needed] (beyni)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Anatolian Turkish: [script needed] (beyni)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "az",
            "2": "beyin"
          },
          "expansion": "Azerbaijani: beyin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Azerbaijani: beyin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ota",
            "2": "بینی",
            "tr": "beyni"
          },
          "expansion": "Ottoman Turkish: بینی (beyni)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Ottoman Turkish: بینی (beyni)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "tr",
            "2": "beyin"
          },
          "expansion": "Turkish: beyin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Turkish: beyin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "slr",
            "2": "beynianqan",
            "t": "stupid",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": ">? Salar: beynianqan (“stupid”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": ">? Salar: beynianqan (“stupid”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "tk",
            "2": "beýni"
          },
          "expansion": "Turkmen: beýni",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Turkmen: beýni"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Karluk:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xqa",
            "2": "مَنِكٖي",
            "tr": "meŋi"
          },
          "expansion": "Karakhanid: مَنِكٖي (meŋi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Karakhanid: مَنِكٖي (meŋi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "chg",
            "2": "",
            "tr": "meyin"
          },
          "expansion": "Chagatai: [script needed] (meyin)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Chagatai: [script needed] (meyin)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ug",
            "2": "مىڭە"
          },
          "expansion": "Uyghur: مىڭە (mi'nge)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Uyghur: مىڭە (mi'nge)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "uz",
            "2": "miya"
          },
          "expansion": "Uzbek: miya",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Uzbek: miya"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Kipchak: *meyi"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "North Kipchak:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ba",
            "2": "мейе"
          },
          "expansion": "Bashkir: мейе (meye)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Bashkir: мейе (meye)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "tt",
            "2": "ми"
          },
          "expansion": "Tatar: ми (mi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tatar: ми (mi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "West Kipchak:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "crh",
            "2": "miy"
          },
          "expansion": "Crimean Tatar: miy",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Crimean Tatar: miy"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "krc",
            "2": "мыйы"
          },
          "expansion": "Karachay-Balkar: мыйы (mıyı)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Karachay-Balkar: мыйы (mıyı)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kdr",
            "2": "мий"
          },
          "expansion": "Karaim: мий",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Karaim: мий"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kum",
            "2": "мий"
          },
          "expansion": "Kumyk: мий (miy)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Kumyk: мий (miy)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "South Kipchak:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Caspian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kaa",
            "2": "мий",
            "tr": "miy"
          },
          "expansion": "Karakalpak: мий (miy)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Karakalpak: мий (miy)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kk",
            "2": "ми"
          },
          "expansion": "Kazakh: ми (mi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Kazakh: ми (mi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nog",
            "2": "мый"
          },
          "expansion": "Nogai: мый (mıy)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Nogai: мый (mıy)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Kyrgyz-Kipchak:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ky",
            "2": "мээ"
          },
          "expansion": "Kyrgyz: мээ (mee)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Kyrgyz: мээ (mee)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "alt",
            "2": "мее"
          },
          "expansion": "Southern Altai: мее (mee)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Southern Altai: мее (mee)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Siberian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "otk",
            "tr": "meyi"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Turkic: [script needed] (meyi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Turkic: [script needed] (meyi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "otk-kir",
            "2": ""
          },
          "expansion": "Old Kirghiz:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Kirghiz:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kjh",
            "2": "мии",
            "tr": "mii"
          },
          "expansion": "Khakas: мии (mii)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Khakas: мии (mii)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cjs",
            "2": "миис",
            "tr": "miis"
          },
          "expansion": "Shor: миис (miis)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Shor: миис (miis)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "atv",
            "2": "ме",
            "3": "мее",
            "4": "меес"
          },
          "expansion": "Northern Altai: ме (me), мее (mee), меес (mees)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Northern Altai: ме (me), мее (mee), меес (mees)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "oui",
            "2": "",
            "3": "mʾnky",
            "tr": "meyi",
            "tr2": "meŋi"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Uyghur: [script needed] (meyi), mʾnky (meŋi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Uyghur: [script needed] (meyi), mʾnky (meŋi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ybe",
            "tr": "muŋe, mïŋe"
          },
          "expansion": "Western Yugur: [script needed] (muŋe, mïŋe)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Western Yugur: [script needed] (muŋe, mïŋe)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "North Siberian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dlg",
            "tr": "meńii"
          },
          "expansion": "Dolgan: [script needed] (meńii)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dolgan: [script needed] (meńii)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sah",
            "2": "мэйии"
          },
          "expansion": "Yakut: мэйии (meyii)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yakut: мэйии (meyii)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "South Siberian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Sayan:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kim",
            "2": "мәә",
            "tr": "mää"
          },
          "expansion": "Tofa: мәә (mää)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tofa: мәә (mää)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "tyv",
            "2": "мээ",
            "tr": "mee"
          },
          "expansion": "Tuvan: мээ (mee)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tuvan: мээ (mee)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "oui",
        "2": "",
        "t": "joy, luck",
        "tr": "mäŋi"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Uyghur [script needed] (mäŋi, “joy, luck”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hu",
        "2": "fej"
      },
      "expansion": "Hungarian fej",
      "name": "noncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fi",
        "2": "pää"
      },
      "expansion": "Finnish pää",
      "name": "noncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "urj-pro",
        "2": "*päŋe"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Uralic *päŋe",
      "name": "noncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mn",
        "2": "",
        "tr": "heki"
      },
      "expansion": "Mongolian [script needed] (heki)",
      "name": "noncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mn",
        "2": "манлай",
        "t": "forehead"
      },
      "expansion": "Mongolian манлай (manlaj, “forehead”)",
      "name": "noncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "耳",
        "t": "ear",
        "tr": "mimi"
      },
      "expansion": "Japanese 耳 (mimi, “ear”)",
      "name": "noncog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "A root with puzzling reflexes, according to Clauson. Räsänen compares this reconstruction with Old Uyghur [script needed] (mäŋi, “joy, luck”) and proposes a relation with Hungarian fej, fő, Finnish pää (both inherited from Proto-Uralic *päŋe) and Mongolian [script needed] (heki). Eren (1999), however, calls this comparison into doubt.\nAltaicists, on the other hand, reconstruct this proto-form as *beyŋi, which is then compared to Mongolian манлай (manlaj, “forehead”) and Japanese 耳 (mimi, “ear”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "trk-pro",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "*bẹńi",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Turkic",
  "lang_code": "trk-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Turkic/bẹńi",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Khakas terms with redundant transliterations",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant transliterations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Turkic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Turkic entries with language name categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with language name categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Turkic lemmas containing ń",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Turkic terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Tuvan terms with redundant transliterations",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant transliterations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "brain"
      ],
      "id": "en-bẹńi-trk-pro-noun-u796ZBLW",
      "links": [
        [
          "brain",
          "brain"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "bẹŋi"
        },
        {
          "word": "beyŋi"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "wikipedia": [
        "Dīwān Lughāt al-Turk",
        "tr:Besim Atalay"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "bẹńi"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Oghur:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cv",
            "2": "миме"
          },
          "expansion": "Chuvash: миме (mime)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Chuvash: миме (mime)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Common Turkic:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xng",
            "2": "",
            "bor": "1",
            "tr": "miyi"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Middle Mongol: [script needed] (miyi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Middle Mongol: [script needed] (miyi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Arghu: *men"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "klj",
            "tr": "mẹi̯n"
          },
          "expansion": "Khalaj: [script needed] (mẹi̯n)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Khalaj: [script needed] (mẹi̯n)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Oghuz: *beyni"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "trk-oat",
            "tr": "beyni"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Anatolian Turkish: [script needed] (beyni)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Anatolian Turkish: [script needed] (beyni)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "az",
            "2": "beyin"
          },
          "expansion": "Azerbaijani: beyin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Azerbaijani: beyin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ota",
            "2": "بینی",
            "tr": "beyni"
          },
          "expansion": "Ottoman Turkish: بینی (beyni)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Ottoman Turkish: بینی (beyni)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "tr",
            "2": "beyin"
          },
          "expansion": "Turkish: beyin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Turkish: beyin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "slr",
            "2": "beynianqan",
            "t": "stupid",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": ">? Salar: beynianqan (“stupid”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": ">? Salar: beynianqan (“stupid”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "tk",
            "2": "beýni"
          },
          "expansion": "Turkmen: beýni",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Turkmen: beýni"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Karluk:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xqa",
            "2": "مَنِكٖي",
            "tr": "meŋi"
          },
          "expansion": "Karakhanid: مَنِكٖي (meŋi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Karakhanid: مَنِكٖي (meŋi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "chg",
            "2": "",
            "tr": "meyin"
          },
          "expansion": "Chagatai: [script needed] (meyin)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Chagatai: [script needed] (meyin)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ug",
            "2": "مىڭە"
          },
          "expansion": "Uyghur: مىڭە (mi'nge)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Uyghur: مىڭە (mi'nge)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "uz",
            "2": "miya"
          },
          "expansion": "Uzbek: miya",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Uzbek: miya"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Kipchak: *meyi"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "North Kipchak:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ba",
            "2": "мейе"
          },
          "expansion": "Bashkir: мейе (meye)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Bashkir: мейе (meye)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "tt",
            "2": "ми"
          },
          "expansion": "Tatar: ми (mi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tatar: ми (mi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "West Kipchak:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "crh",
            "2": "miy"
          },
          "expansion": "Crimean Tatar: miy",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Crimean Tatar: miy"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "krc",
            "2": "мыйы"
          },
          "expansion": "Karachay-Balkar: мыйы (mıyı)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Karachay-Balkar: мыйы (mıyı)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kdr",
            "2": "мий"
          },
          "expansion": "Karaim: мий",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Karaim: мий"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kum",
            "2": "мий"
          },
          "expansion": "Kumyk: мий (miy)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Kumyk: мий (miy)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "South Kipchak:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Caspian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kaa",
            "2": "мий",
            "tr": "miy"
          },
          "expansion": "Karakalpak: мий (miy)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Karakalpak: мий (miy)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kk",
            "2": "ми"
          },
          "expansion": "Kazakh: ми (mi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Kazakh: ми (mi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nog",
            "2": "мый"
          },
          "expansion": "Nogai: мый (mıy)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Nogai: мый (mıy)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Kyrgyz-Kipchak:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ky",
            "2": "мээ"
          },
          "expansion": "Kyrgyz: мээ (mee)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Kyrgyz: мээ (mee)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "alt",
            "2": "мее"
          },
          "expansion": "Southern Altai: мее (mee)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Southern Altai: мее (mee)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Siberian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "otk",
            "tr": "meyi"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Turkic: [script needed] (meyi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Turkic: [script needed] (meyi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "otk-kir",
            "2": ""
          },
          "expansion": "Old Kirghiz:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Kirghiz:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kjh",
            "2": "мии",
            "tr": "mii"
          },
          "expansion": "Khakas: мии (mii)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Khakas: мии (mii)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cjs",
            "2": "миис",
            "tr": "miis"
          },
          "expansion": "Shor: миис (miis)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Shor: миис (miis)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "atv",
            "2": "ме",
            "3": "мее",
            "4": "меес"
          },
          "expansion": "Northern Altai: ме (me), мее (mee), меес (mees)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Northern Altai: ме (me), мее (mee), меес (mees)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "oui",
            "2": "",
            "3": "mʾnky",
            "tr": "meyi",
            "tr2": "meŋi"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Uyghur: [script needed] (meyi), mʾnky (meŋi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Uyghur: [script needed] (meyi), mʾnky (meŋi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ybe",
            "tr": "muŋe, mïŋe"
          },
          "expansion": "Western Yugur: [script needed] (muŋe, mïŋe)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Western Yugur: [script needed] (muŋe, mïŋe)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "North Siberian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dlg",
            "tr": "meńii"
          },
          "expansion": "Dolgan: [script needed] (meńii)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dolgan: [script needed] (meńii)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sah",
            "2": "мэйии"
          },
          "expansion": "Yakut: мэйии (meyii)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yakut: мэйии (meyii)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "South Siberian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Sayan:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kim",
            "2": "мәә",
            "tr": "mää"
          },
          "expansion": "Tofa: мәә (mää)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tofa: мәә (mää)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "tyv",
            "2": "мээ",
            "tr": "mee"
          },
          "expansion": "Tuvan: мээ (mee)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tuvan: мээ (mee)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "oui",
        "2": "",
        "t": "joy, luck",
        "tr": "mäŋi"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Uyghur [script needed] (mäŋi, “joy, luck”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hu",
        "2": "fej"
      },
      "expansion": "Hungarian fej",
      "name": "noncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fi",
        "2": "pää"
      },
      "expansion": "Finnish pää",
      "name": "noncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "urj-pro",
        "2": "*päŋe"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Uralic *päŋe",
      "name": "noncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mn",
        "2": "",
        "tr": "heki"
      },
      "expansion": "Mongolian [script needed] (heki)",
      "name": "noncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mn",
        "2": "манлай",
        "t": "forehead"
      },
      "expansion": "Mongolian манлай (manlaj, “forehead”)",
      "name": "noncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "耳",
        "t": "ear",
        "tr": "mimi"
      },
      "expansion": "Japanese 耳 (mimi, “ear”)",
      "name": "noncog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "A root with puzzling reflexes, according to Clauson. Räsänen compares this reconstruction with Old Uyghur [script needed] (mäŋi, “joy, luck”) and proposes a relation with Hungarian fej, fő, Finnish pää (both inherited from Proto-Uralic *päŋe) and Mongolian [script needed] (heki). Eren (1999), however, calls this comparison into doubt.\nAltaicists, on the other hand, reconstruct this proto-form as *beyŋi, which is then compared to Mongolian манлай (manlaj, “forehead”) and Japanese 耳 (mimi, “ear”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "trk-pro",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "*bẹńi",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Turkic",
  "lang_code": "trk-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Turkic/bẹńi",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Khakas terms with redundant transliterations",
        "Proto-Turkic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Turkic entries with language name categories using raw markup",
        "Proto-Turkic lemmas",
        "Proto-Turkic lemmas containing ń",
        "Proto-Turkic nouns",
        "Proto-Turkic terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
        "Requests for native script for Chagatai terms",
        "Requests for native script for Dolgan terms",
        "Requests for native script for Khalaj terms",
        "Requests for native script for Mongolian terms",
        "Requests for native script for Old Anatolian Turkish terms",
        "Requests for native script for Old Turkic terms",
        "Requests for native script for Old Uyghur terms",
        "Requests for native script for Western Yugur terms",
        "Tuvan terms with redundant transliterations"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "brain"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "brain",
          "brain"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "wikipedia": [
        "Dīwān Lughāt al-Turk",
        "tr:Besim Atalay"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "bẹŋi"
    },
    {
      "word": "beyŋi"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bẹńi"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-23 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-06-20 using wiktextract (1b9bfc5 and 0136956). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.