"afwinden" meaning in All languages combined

Verb [Dutch]

IPA: /ˈɑfˌʋɪn.də(n)/ Audio: Nl-afwinden.ogg
Etymology: From Middle Dutch afwinden. Surface analysis af +‎ winden. Etymology templates: {{inh|nl|dum|afwinden}} Middle Dutch afwinden, {{compound|nl|af|winden}} af +‎ winden Head templates: {{nl-verb}} afwinden Inflection templates: {{nl-conj-st|wind|wond|wonden|class=3a|sep=af}} Forms: 3a [class], afwinden [infinitive], afwinden [gerund, neuter], wind af [first-person, main-clause, present, singular], wond af [first-person, main-clause, past, singular], afwind [first-person, present, singular, subordinate-clause], afwond [first-person, past, singular, subordinate-clause], windt af [main-clause, present, second-person, singular], wond af [main-clause, past, second-person, singular], afwindt [present, second-person, singular, subordinate-clause], afwond [past, second-person, singular, subordinate-clause], windt af [formal, main-clause, present, second-person, singular], wond af [formal, main-clause, past, second-person, singular], afwindt [formal, present, second-person, singular, subordinate-clause], afwond [formal, past, second-person, singular, subordinate-clause], windt af [Flanders, colloquial, main-clause, present, second-person, singular], windt af [archaic, formal, main-clause, majestic, present, second-person, singular], wondt af [Flanders, colloquial, main-clause, past, second-person, singular], wondt af [archaic, formal, main-clause, majestic, past, second-person, singular], afwindt [Flanders, colloquial, present, second-person, singular, subordinate-clause], afwindt [archaic, formal, majestic, present, second-person, singular, subordinate-clause], afwondt [Flanders, colloquial, past, second-person, singular, subordinate-clause], afwondt [archaic, formal, majestic, past, second-person, singular, subordinate-clause], windt af [main-clause, present, singular, third-person], wond af [main-clause, past, singular, third-person], afwindt [present, singular, subordinate-clause, third-person], afwond [past, singular, subordinate-clause, third-person], winden af [main-clause, plural, present], wonden af [main-clause, past, plural], afwinden [plural, present, subordinate-clause], afwonden [past, plural, subordinate-clause], winde af [archaic, main-clause, present, singular, subjunctive], wonde af [archaic, main-clause, past, singular, subjunctive], afwinde [archaic, present, singular, subjunctive, subordinate-clause], afwonde [archaic, past, singular, subjunctive, subordinate-clause], winden af [archaic, main-clause, plural, present, subjunctive], wonden af [archaic, main-clause, past, plural, subjunctive], afwinden [archaic, plural, present, subjunctive, subordinate-clause], afwonden [archaic, past, plural, subjunctive, subordinate-clause], wind af [imperative, main-clause, present, singular], windt af [archaic, imperative, main-clause, plural, present], afwindend [main-clause, participle, present], afgewonden [main-clause, participle, past], separable strong [word-tags]
  1. (transitive) to unwind, to wind off (to remove coils) Tags: transitive
    Sense id: afwinden-nl-verb-i1BdGRNc Categories (other): Dutch compound words, Dutch separable verbs with af Disambiguation of Dutch compound words: 66 34 Disambiguation of Dutch separable verbs with af: 62 38
  2. (transitive) to crank down (to move something downward by means of a windlass) Tags: transitive
    Sense id: afwinden-nl-verb-VN74OyYD

Download JSON data for afwinden meaning in All languages combined (6.6kB)

{
  "antonyms": [
    {
      "word": "opwinden"
    },
    {
      "word": "winden"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "dum",
        "3": "afwinden"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Dutch afwinden",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "af",
        "3": "winden"
      },
      "expansion": "af +‎ winden",
      "name": "compound"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Dutch afwinden. Surface analysis af +‎ winden.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "3a",
      "source": "Inflection title",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwinden",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwinden",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "gerund",
        "neuter"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wind af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "main-clause",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wond af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "main-clause",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwind",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwond",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "windt af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "main-clause",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wond af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "main-clause",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwindt",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwond",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "windt af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "main-clause",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wond af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "main-clause",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwindt",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwond",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "windt af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "Flanders",
        "colloquial",
        "main-clause",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "windt af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "formal",
        "main-clause",
        "majestic",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wondt af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "Flanders",
        "colloquial",
        "main-clause",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wondt af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "formal",
        "main-clause",
        "majestic",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwindt",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "Flanders",
        "colloquial",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwindt",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "formal",
        "majestic",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwondt",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "Flanders",
        "colloquial",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwondt",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "formal",
        "majestic",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "windt af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "main-clause",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wond af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "main-clause",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwindt",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwond",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "winden af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "main-clause",
        "plural",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wonden af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "main-clause",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwinden",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwonden",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "winde af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "main-clause",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wonde af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "main-clause",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwinde",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwonde",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "winden af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "main-clause",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wonden af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "main-clause",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwinden",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "subjunctive",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwonden",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wind af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "main-clause",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "windt af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "imperative",
        "main-clause",
        "plural",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwindend",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "main-clause",
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afgewonden",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "main-clause",
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "separable strong",
      "source": "Inflection title",
      "tags": [
        "word-tags"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "afwinden",
      "name": "nl-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "wind",
        "2": "wond",
        "3": "wonden",
        "class": "3a",
        "sep": "af"
      },
      "name": "nl-conj-st"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Dutch",
  "lang_code": "nl",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "66 34",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Dutch compound words",
          "parents": [
            "Compound words",
            "Terms by etymology"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "62 38",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Dutch separable verbs with af",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to unwind, to wind off (to remove coils)"
      ],
      "id": "afwinden-nl-verb-i1BdGRNc",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) to unwind, to wind off (to remove coils)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to crank down (to move something downward by means of a windlass)"
      ],
      "id": "afwinden-nl-verb-VN74OyYD",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) to crank down (to move something downward by means of a windlass)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɑfˌʋɪn.də(n)/"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Nl-afwinden.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/0/0a/Nl-afwinden.ogg/Nl-afwinden.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0a/Nl-afwinden.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "afwinden"
}
{
  "antonyms": [
    {
      "word": "opwinden"
    },
    {
      "word": "winden"
    }
  ],
  "categories": [
    "Dutch class 3a strong verbs",
    "Dutch compound words",
    "Dutch lemmas",
    "Dutch separable verbs",
    "Dutch separable verbs with af",
    "Dutch terms derived from Middle Dutch",
    "Dutch terms inherited from Middle Dutch",
    "Dutch terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Dutch terms with audio links",
    "Dutch verbs"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "dum",
        "3": "afwinden"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Dutch afwinden",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "af",
        "3": "winden"
      },
      "expansion": "af +‎ winden",
      "name": "compound"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Dutch afwinden. Surface analysis af +‎ winden.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "3a",
      "source": "Inflection title",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwinden",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwinden",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "gerund",
        "neuter"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wind af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "main-clause",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wond af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "main-clause",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwind",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwond",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "windt af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "main-clause",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wond af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "main-clause",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwindt",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwond",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "windt af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "main-clause",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wond af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "main-clause",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwindt",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwond",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "windt af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "Flanders",
        "colloquial",
        "main-clause",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "windt af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "formal",
        "main-clause",
        "majestic",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wondt af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "Flanders",
        "colloquial",
        "main-clause",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wondt af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "formal",
        "main-clause",
        "majestic",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwindt",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "Flanders",
        "colloquial",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwindt",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "formal",
        "majestic",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwondt",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "Flanders",
        "colloquial",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwondt",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "formal",
        "majestic",
        "past",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "windt af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "main-clause",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wond af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "main-clause",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwindt",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwond",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "singular",
        "subordinate-clause",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "winden af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "main-clause",
        "plural",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wonden af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "main-clause",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwinden",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwonden",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "past",
        "plural",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "winde af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "main-clause",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wonde af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "main-clause",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwinde",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwonde",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "winden af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "main-clause",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wonden af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "main-clause",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwinden",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "subjunctive",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwonden",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "past",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "subordinate-clause"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wind af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "main-clause",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "windt af",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "imperative",
        "main-clause",
        "plural",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afwindend",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "main-clause",
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afgewonden",
      "source": "Inflection",
      "tags": [
        "main-clause",
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "separable strong",
      "source": "Inflection title",
      "tags": [
        "word-tags"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "afwinden",
      "name": "nl-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "wind",
        "2": "wond",
        "3": "wonden",
        "class": "3a",
        "sep": "af"
      },
      "name": "nl-conj-st"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Dutch",
  "lang_code": "nl",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Dutch transitive verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to unwind, to wind off (to remove coils)"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) to unwind, to wind off (to remove coils)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Dutch transitive verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to crank down (to move something downward by means of a windlass)"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) to crank down (to move something downward by means of a windlass)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɑfˌʋɪn.də(n)/"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Nl-afwinden.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/0/0a/Nl-afwinden.ogg/Nl-afwinden.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0a/Nl-afwinden.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "afwinden"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2022-01-14 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2022-01-01 using wiktextract. The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.