"afundar" meaning in All languages combined

Verb [Portuguese]

IPA: /ɐfũˈdaɾ/ [Portugal]
Etymology: From Vulgar Latin *affundāre, from Latin ad + fundus. Compare Italian affondare, Romanian afunda, Old French afonder, Spanish ahondar, Asturian afondar. Synchronically, a- +‎ fundo +‎ -ar. Etymology templates: {{inh|pt|VL.|*affundāre}} Vulgar Latin *affundāre, {{inh|pt|la|ad}} Latin ad, {{m|la|fundus}} fundus, {{cog|it|affondare}} Italian affondare, {{cog|ro|afunda}} Romanian afunda, {{cog|fro|afonder}} Old French afonder, {{cog|es|ahondar}} Spanish ahondar, {{cog|ast|afondar}} Asturian afondar, {{af|pt|a-|fundo|-ar}} a- +‎ fundo +‎ -ar Head templates: {{pt-verb|afund|ar}} afundar (first-person singular present indicative afundo, past participle afundado) Inflection templates: {{pt-conj|afund|ar}} Forms: afundo [first-person, indicative, present, singular], afundado [participle, past], [table-tags], -ar verb [class], afundar [impersonal, infinitive], afundar [first-person, infinitive, singular], afundares [infinitive, second-person, singular], afundar [infinitive, singular, third-person], afundarmos [first-person, infinitive, plural], afundardes [infinitive, plural, second-person], afundarem [infinitive, plural, third-person], afundando [gerund], afundado [masculine, participle, past, singular], afundados [masculine, participle, past, plural], afundada [feminine, participle, past, singular], afundadas [feminine, participle, past, plural], afundo [first-person, indicative, present, singular], afundas [indicative, present, second-person, singular], afunda [indicative, present, singular, third-person], afundamos [first-person, indicative, plural, present], afundais [indicative, plural, present, second-person], afundam [indicative, plural, present, third-person], afundava [first-person, imperfect, indicative, singular], afundavas [imperfect, indicative, second-person, singular], afundava [imperfect, indicative, singular, third-person], afundávamos [first-person, imperfect, indicative, plural], afundáveis [imperfect, indicative, plural, second-person], afundavam [imperfect, indicative, plural, third-person], afundei [first-person, indicative, preterite, singular], afundaste [indicative, preterite, second-person, singular], afundou [indicative, preterite, singular, third-person], afundamos [first-person, indicative, plural, preterite], afundámos [first-person, indicative, plural, preterite], afundastes [indicative, plural, preterite, second-person], afundaram [indicative, plural, preterite, third-person], afundara [first-person, indicative, pluperfect, singular], afundaras [indicative, pluperfect, second-person, singular], afundara [indicative, pluperfect, singular, third-person], afundáramos [first-person, indicative, pluperfect, plural], afundáreis [indicative, pluperfect, plural, second-person], afundaram [indicative, pluperfect, plural, third-person], afundarei [first-person, future, indicative, singular], afundarás [future, indicative, second-person, singular], afundará [future, indicative, singular, third-person], afundaremos [first-person, future, indicative, plural], afundareis [future, indicative, plural, second-person], afundarão [future, indicative, plural, third-person], afundaria [conditional, first-person, singular], afundarias [conditional, second-person, singular], afundaria [conditional, singular, third-person], afundaríamos [conditional, first-person, plural], afundaríeis [conditional, plural, second-person], afundariam [conditional, plural, third-person], afunde [first-person, present, singular, subjunctive], afundes [present, second-person, singular, subjunctive], afunde [present, singular, subjunctive, third-person], afundemos [first-person, plural, present, subjunctive], afundeis [plural, present, second-person, subjunctive], afundem [plural, present, subjunctive, third-person], afundasse [first-person, imperfect, singular, subjunctive], afundasses [imperfect, second-person, singular, subjunctive], afundasse [imperfect, singular, subjunctive, third-person], afundássemos [first-person, imperfect, plural, subjunctive], afundásseis [imperfect, plural, second-person, subjunctive], afundassem [imperfect, plural, subjunctive, third-person], afundar [first-person, future, singular, subjunctive], afundares [future, second-person, singular, subjunctive], afundar [future, singular, subjunctive, third-person], afundarmos [first-person, future, plural, subjunctive], afundardes [future, plural, second-person, subjunctive], afundarem [future, plural, subjunctive, third-person], - [first-person, imperative, singular], afunda [imperative, second-person, singular], afunde [imperative, singular, third-person], afundemos [first-person, imperative, plural], afundai [imperative, plural, second-person], afundem [imperative, plural, third-person], - [first-person, imperative, negative, singular], afundes [imperative, negative, second-person, singular], afunde [imperative, negative, singular, third-person], afundemos [first-person, imperative, negative, plural], afundeis [imperative, negative, plural, second-person], afundem [imperative, negative, plural, third-person]
  1. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to sink (descend into liquid, etc) Tags: takes a reflexive pronoun
    Sense id: afundar-pt-verb-6uyI62U7
  2. (transitive) to sink (cause to sink) Tags: transitive
    Sense id: afundar-pt-verb-OxhWn5S7
  3. (intransitive, basketball) to dunk, to slam dunk Tags: intransitive Categories (topical): Basketball
    Sense id: afundar-pt-verb-NIrrIFU8 Topics: ball-games, basketball, games, hobbies, lifestyle, sports
  4. first-person singular (eu) personal infinitive of afundar Tags: first-person, form-of, infinitive, personal, singular, with-eu Form of: afundar
    Sense id: afundar-pt-verb-m8LqaPFi
  5. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) personal infinitive of afundar Tags: form-of, infinitive, personal, singular, third-person, with-ela, with-ele, with-others, with-você Form of: afundar
    Sense id: afundar-pt-verb-48UftGel
  6. first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of afundar Tags: first-person, form-of, future, singular, subjunctive, with-eu Form of: afundar
    Sense id: afundar-pt-verb-IOFRzQ67
  7. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of afundar Tags: form-of, future, singular, subjunctive, third-person, with-ela, with-ele, with-others, with-você Form of: afundar
    Sense id: afundar-pt-verb-Sg-7mB72

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for afundar meaning in All languages combined (12.9kB)

{
  "categories": [],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "VL.",
        "3": "*affundāre"
      },
      "expansion": "Vulgar Latin *affundāre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "ad"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ad",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "fundus"
      },
      "expansion": "fundus",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "it",
        "2": "affondare"
      },
      "expansion": "Italian affondare",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ro",
        "2": "afunda"
      },
      "expansion": "Romanian afunda",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fro",
        "2": "afonder"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French afonder",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "ahondar"
      },
      "expansion": "Spanish ahondar",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ast",
        "2": "afondar"
      },
      "expansion": "Asturian afondar",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "a-",
        "3": "fundo",
        "4": "-ar"
      },
      "expansion": "a- +‎ fundo +‎ -ar",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Vulgar Latin *affundāre, from Latin ad + fundus. Compare Italian affondare, Romanian afunda, Old French afonder, Spanish ahondar, Asturian afondar. Synchronically, a- +‎ fundo +‎ -ar.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "afundo",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundado",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ar verb",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundar",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "impersonal",
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundar",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "infinitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundares",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundar",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundarmos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "infinitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundardes",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundarem",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundando",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "gerund"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundado",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundados",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundada",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundadas",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundo",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundas",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afunda",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundamos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundais",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundam",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundava",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundavas",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundava",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundávamos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundáveis",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundavam",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundei",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "preterite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundaste",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "preterite",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundou",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "preterite",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundamos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "preterite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundámos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "preterite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundastes",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "preterite",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundaram",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "preterite",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundara",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "pluperfect",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundaras",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "pluperfect",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundara",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "pluperfect",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundáramos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "pluperfect",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundáreis",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "pluperfect",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundaram",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "pluperfect",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundarei",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundarás",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundará",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundaremos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundareis",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundarão",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundaria",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundarias",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundaria",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundaríamos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundaríeis",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundariam",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afunde",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundes",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afunde",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundemos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundeis",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundem",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundasse",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperfect",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundasses",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundasse",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundássemos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperfect",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundásseis",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundassem",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundar",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundares",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundar",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundarmos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundardes",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundarem",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afunda",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afunde",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundemos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundai",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundem",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundes",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afunde",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundemos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundeis",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundem",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "afund",
        "2": "ar"
      },
      "expansion": "afundar (first-person singular present indicative afundo, past participle afundado)",
      "name": "pt-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "afund",
        "2": "ar"
      },
      "name": "pt-conj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Portuguese",
  "lang_code": "pt",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to sink (descend into liquid, etc)"
      ],
      "id": "afundar-pt-verb-6uyI62U7",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(takes a reflexive pronoun) to sink (descend into liquid, etc)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "takes a reflexive pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2017-04-24, João Ruela Ribeiro, “Coreia do Norte ameaça afundar porta-aviões norte-americano”, in Público‎",
          "text": "A Coreia do Norte garantiu estar preparada para responder ao que entende ser uma provocação dos seus rivais. “As nossas forças revolucionárias estão preparadas militarmente para afundar o porta-aviões nuclear dos EUA com apenas um ataque”, escreveu o Rodong Sinmun, o jornal oficial do Partido dos Trabalhadores da Coreia.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to sink (cause to sink)"
      ],
      "id": "afundar-pt-verb-OxhWn5S7",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) to sink (cause to sink)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "pt",
          "name": "Basketball",
          "orig": "pt:Basketball",
          "parents": [
            "Ball games",
            "Sports",
            "Human activity",
            "Human behaviour",
            "Human",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to dunk, to slam dunk"
      ],
      "id": "afundar-pt-verb-NIrrIFU8",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive, basketball) to dunk, to slam dunk"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "ball-games",
        "basketball",
        "games",
        "hobbies",
        "lifestyle",
        "sports"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "afundar"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "first-person singular (eu) personal infinitive of afundar"
      ],
      "id": "afundar-pt-verb-m8LqaPFi",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "first-person singular (eu) personal infinitive of afundar"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "form-of",
        "infinitive",
        "personal",
        "singular",
        "with-eu"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "afundar"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) personal infinitive of afundar"
      ],
      "id": "afundar-pt-verb-48UftGel",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) personal infinitive of afundar"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "infinitive",
        "personal",
        "singular",
        "third-person",
        "with-ela",
        "with-ele",
        "with-others",
        "with-você"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "afundar"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of afundar"
      ],
      "id": "afundar-pt-verb-IOFRzQ67",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of afundar"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "form-of",
        "future",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "with-eu"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "afundar"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of afundar"
      ],
      "id": "afundar-pt-verb-Sg-7mB72",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of afundar"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "future",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person",
        "with-ela",
        "with-ele",
        "with-others",
        "with-você"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɐfũˈdaɾ/",
      "tags": [
        "Portugal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "afundar"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Portuguese 3-syllable words",
    "Portuguese lemmas",
    "Portuguese terms derived from Latin",
    "Portuguese terms derived from Vulgar Latin",
    "Portuguese terms inherited from Latin",
    "Portuguese terms inherited from Vulgar Latin",
    "Portuguese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Portuguese verbs",
    "Portuguese words prefixed with a-",
    "Portuguese words suffixed with -ar"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "VL.",
        "3": "*affundāre"
      },
      "expansion": "Vulgar Latin *affundāre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "ad"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ad",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "fundus"
      },
      "expansion": "fundus",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "it",
        "2": "affondare"
      },
      "expansion": "Italian affondare",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ro",
        "2": "afunda"
      },
      "expansion": "Romanian afunda",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fro",
        "2": "afonder"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French afonder",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "ahondar"
      },
      "expansion": "Spanish ahondar",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ast",
        "2": "afondar"
      },
      "expansion": "Asturian afondar",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "a-",
        "3": "fundo",
        "4": "-ar"
      },
      "expansion": "a- +‎ fundo +‎ -ar",
      "name": "af"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Vulgar Latin *affundāre, from Latin ad + fundus. Compare Italian affondare, Romanian afunda, Old French afonder, Spanish ahondar, Asturian afondar. Synchronically, a- +‎ fundo +‎ -ar.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "afundo",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundado",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ar verb",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundar",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "impersonal",
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundar",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "infinitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundares",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundar",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundarmos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "infinitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundardes",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundarem",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundando",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "gerund"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundado",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundados",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundada",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundadas",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundo",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundas",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afunda",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundamos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundais",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundam",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundava",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundavas",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundava",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundávamos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundáveis",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundavam",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundei",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "preterite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundaste",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "preterite",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundou",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "preterite",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundamos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "preterite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundámos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "preterite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundastes",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "preterite",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundaram",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "preterite",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundara",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "pluperfect",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundaras",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "pluperfect",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundara",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "pluperfect",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundáramos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "pluperfect",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundáreis",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "pluperfect",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundaram",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "pluperfect",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundarei",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundarás",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundará",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundaremos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundareis",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundarão",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundaria",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundarias",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundaria",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundaríamos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundaríeis",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundariam",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afunde",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundes",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afunde",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundemos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundeis",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundem",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundasse",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperfect",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundasses",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundasse",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundássemos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperfect",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundásseis",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundassem",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundar",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundares",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundar",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundarmos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundardes",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundarem",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afunda",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afunde",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundemos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundai",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundem",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundes",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afunde",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundemos",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundeis",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "afundem",
      "source": "Conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "afund",
        "2": "ar"
      },
      "expansion": "afundar (first-person singular present indicative afundo, past participle afundado)",
      "name": "pt-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "afund",
        "2": "ar"
      },
      "name": "pt-conj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Portuguese",
  "lang_code": "pt",
  "pos": "verb",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "fundo"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to sink (descend into liquid, etc)"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(takes a reflexive pronoun) to sink (descend into liquid, etc)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "takes a reflexive pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Portuguese terms with quotations",
        "Portuguese transitive verbs",
        "Requests for translations of Portuguese usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2017-04-24, João Ruela Ribeiro, “Coreia do Norte ameaça afundar porta-aviões norte-americano”, in Público‎",
          "text": "A Coreia do Norte garantiu estar preparada para responder ao que entende ser uma provocação dos seus rivais. “As nossas forças revolucionárias estão preparadas militarmente para afundar o porta-aviões nuclear dos EUA com apenas um ataque”, escreveu o Rodong Sinmun, o jornal oficial do Partido dos Trabalhadores da Coreia.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to sink (cause to sink)"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) to sink (cause to sink)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Portuguese intransitive verbs",
        "pt:Basketball"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to dunk, to slam dunk"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive, basketball) to dunk, to slam dunk"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "ball-games",
        "basketball",
        "games",
        "hobbies",
        "lifestyle",
        "sports"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "afundar"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "first-person singular (eu) personal infinitive of afundar"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "first-person singular (eu) personal infinitive of afundar"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "form-of",
        "infinitive",
        "personal",
        "singular",
        "with-eu"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "afundar"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) personal infinitive of afundar"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) personal infinitive of afundar"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "infinitive",
        "personal",
        "singular",
        "third-person",
        "with-ela",
        "with-ele",
        "with-others",
        "with-você"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "afundar"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of afundar"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of afundar"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "form-of",
        "future",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "with-eu"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "afundar"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of afundar"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of afundar"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "future",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person",
        "with-ela",
        "with-ele",
        "with-others",
        "with-você"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɐfũˈdaɾ/",
      "tags": [
        "Portugal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "afundar"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2022-05-17 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2022-05-01 using wiktextract. The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.