"ālum" meaning in Akkadian

See ālum in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈaː.lum/ (note: Old Babylonian) Forms: āl [construct], āli [construct], ālānū [plural], ālānû [plural]
Etymology: From Proto-Semitic *ʔahl- (“tent camp”). Cognate with Arabic أَهْل (ʔahl, “kinfolk”) and Biblical Hebrew אֹהֶל (ʔóhɛl, “tent”). Etymology templates: {{inh|akk|sem-pro|*ʔahl-|t=tent camp}} Proto-Semitic *ʔahl- (“tent camp”), {{cog|ar|أَهْل|t=kinfolk}} Arabic أَهْل (ʔahl, “kinfolk”), {{cog|hbo|אֹהֶל|t=tent|tr=ʔóhɛl}} Biblical Hebrew אֹהֶל (ʔóhɛl, “tent”) Head templates: {{akk-noun|m|cons=āl|cons2=āli|pl=ālānū|pl2=ālānû}} ālum m (construct state āl or āli, plural ālānū or ālānû)
  1. city, town Tags: masculine
    Sense id: ālum-akk-noun-buP~kWBn Categories (other): Akkadian terms with collocations
  2. village, manor, estate Tags: masculine
    Sense id: ālum-akk-noun-aCLiGqbE Categories (other): Akkadian terms attested from Old Akkadian on Disambiguation of Akkadian terms attested from Old Akkadian on: 9 55 37
  3. fort, military strongpoint Tags: masculine
    Sense id: ālum-akk-noun-o3TFKjfl
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: ālu (non-mimated)

Download JSON data for ālum meaning in Akkadian (2.3kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "akk",
        "2": "sem-pro",
        "3": "*ʔahl-",
        "t": "tent camp"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Semitic *ʔahl- (“tent camp”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ar",
        "2": "أَهْل",
        "t": "kinfolk"
      },
      "expansion": "Arabic أَهْل (ʔahl, “kinfolk”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hbo",
        "2": "אֹהֶל",
        "t": "tent",
        "tr": "ʔóhɛl"
      },
      "expansion": "Biblical Hebrew אֹהֶל (ʔóhɛl, “tent”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Semitic *ʔahl- (“tent camp”). Cognate with Arabic أَهْل (ʔahl, “kinfolk”) and Biblical Hebrew אֹהֶל (ʔóhɛl, “tent”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "āl",
      "tags": [
        "construct"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "āli",
      "tags": [
        "construct"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālānū",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālānû",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "cons": "āl",
        "cons2": "āli",
        "pl": "ālānū",
        "pl2": "ālānû"
      },
      "expansion": "ālum m (construct state āl or āli, plural ālānū or ālānû)",
      "name": "akk-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Akkadian",
  "lang_code": "akk",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Akkadian terms with collocations",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with collocations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "upper city",
          "roman": "a-lum e-lu-u₂-um",
          "text": "𒀀𒈝 𒂊𒇻𒌑𒌝 [ālum elûm]"
        },
        {
          "text": "𒁕𒀀𒀀𒉡 𒀀𒈾 𒁍𒄷𒌨 𒀀𒇷𒅎 𒅋𒇷𒆪\n[dayyānū ana puḫur ālim illikū]\nda-a-a-nu a-na pu-ḫu-ur a-li-im il-li-ku\nThe judges went to the assembly of the city.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "city, town"
      ],
      "id": "ālum-akk-noun-buP~kWBn",
      "links": [
        [
          "city",
          "city"
        ],
        [
          "town",
          "town"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "9 55 37",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Akkadian terms attested from Old Akkadian on",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "village, manor, estate"
      ],
      "id": "ālum-akk-noun-aCLiGqbE",
      "links": [
        [
          "village",
          "village"
        ],
        [
          "manor",
          "manor"
        ],
        [
          "estate",
          "estate"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "fort, military strongpoint"
      ],
      "id": "ālum-akk-noun-o3TFKjfl",
      "links": [
        [
          "fort",
          "fort"
        ],
        [
          "military",
          "military"
        ],
        [
          "strongpoint",
          "strongpoint"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈaː.lum/",
      "note": "Old Babylonian"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "roman": "non-mimated",
      "word": "ālu"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ālum"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Akkadian lemmas",
    "Akkadian masculine nouns",
    "Akkadian nouns",
    "Akkadian terms attested from Old Akkadian on",
    "Akkadian terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Akkadian terms with redundant head parameter"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "akk",
        "2": "sem-pro",
        "3": "*ʔahl-",
        "t": "tent camp"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Semitic *ʔahl- (“tent camp”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ar",
        "2": "أَهْل",
        "t": "kinfolk"
      },
      "expansion": "Arabic أَهْل (ʔahl, “kinfolk”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hbo",
        "2": "אֹהֶל",
        "t": "tent",
        "tr": "ʔóhɛl"
      },
      "expansion": "Biblical Hebrew אֹהֶל (ʔóhɛl, “tent”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Semitic *ʔahl- (“tent camp”). Cognate with Arabic أَهْل (ʔahl, “kinfolk”) and Biblical Hebrew אֹהֶל (ʔóhɛl, “tent”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "āl",
      "tags": [
        "construct"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "āli",
      "tags": [
        "construct"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālānū",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ālānû",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "cons": "āl",
        "cons2": "āli",
        "pl": "ālānū",
        "pl2": "ālānû"
      },
      "expansion": "ālum m (construct state āl or āli, plural ālānū or ālānû)",
      "name": "akk-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Akkadian",
  "lang_code": "akk",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Akkadian terms with collocations",
        "Akkadian terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "upper city",
          "roman": "a-lum e-lu-u₂-um",
          "text": "𒀀𒈝 𒂊𒇻𒌑𒌝 [ālum elûm]"
        },
        {
          "text": "𒁕𒀀𒀀𒉡 𒀀𒈾 𒁍𒄷𒌨 𒀀𒇷𒅎 𒅋𒇷𒆪\n[dayyānū ana puḫur ālim illikū]\nda-a-a-nu a-na pu-ḫu-ur a-li-im il-li-ku\nThe judges went to the assembly of the city.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "city, town"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "city",
          "city"
        ],
        [
          "town",
          "town"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "village, manor, estate"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "village",
          "village"
        ],
        [
          "manor",
          "manor"
        ],
        [
          "estate",
          "estate"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "fort, military strongpoint"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "fort",
          "fort"
        ],
        [
          "military",
          "military"
        ],
        [
          "strongpoint",
          "strongpoint"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈaː.lum/",
      "note": "Old Babylonian"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "roman": "non-mimated",
      "word": "ālu"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ālum"
}
{
  "called_from": "form_descriptions/1698",
  "msg": "unrecognized head form: from Old Akkadian on",
  "path": [
    "ālum"
  ],
  "section": "Akkadian",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "ālum",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Akkadian dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.