"cho" meaning in Vietnamese

See cho in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Particle

IPA: [t͡ɕɔ˧˧] [Hà-Nội], [t͡ɕɔ˧˧] [Huế], [cɔ˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Audio: LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-cho.wav [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Forms: [CJK], [CJK]
Etymology: From Proto-Vietic *cəː; cognate with Arem cʌː. Most prepositions in Vietnamese were originally verbs: ở (“to stay; at, in”), đến (“to come; to”), tới (“to arrive; to”), lên (“to go up; onto”), vào (“to enter; in, into”), theo (“to follow; according to”), về (“to return; about”). Etymology templates: {{inh|vi|mkh-vie-pro|*cəː}} Proto-Vietic *cəː, {{cog|aem|-}} Arem, {{m|vi|ở||to stay; at, in}} ở (“to stay; at, in”), {{m|vi|đến||to come; to}} đến (“to come; to”), {{m|vi|tới||to arrive; to}} tới (“to arrive; to”), {{m|vi|lên||to go up; onto}} lên (“to go up; onto”), {{m|vi|vào||to enter; in, into}} vào (“to enter; in, into”), {{m|vi|theo||to follow; according to}} theo (“to follow; according to”), {{m|vi|về||to return; about}} về (“to return; about”) Head templates: {{head|vi|particle|head=|tr=朱, 渚}} cho • (朱, 渚), {{vi-particle|朱, 渚}} cho • (朱, 渚)
  1. Used to emphasize để.
    Sense id: en-cho-vi-particle-m9Oo8NJZ Categories (other): Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header, Vietnamese particles, Vietnamese prepositions Disambiguation of Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header: 30 15 4 5 4 8 7 8 3 17 Disambiguation of Vietnamese particles: 41 23 0 6 0 7 6 6 0 11 Disambiguation of Vietnamese prepositions: 11 17 6 14 6 7 5 6 11 17
  2. Dative marker.
    Sense id: en-cho-vi-particle-KVGZhC~9 Categories (other): Vietnamese prepositions Disambiguation of Vietnamese prepositions: 11 17 6 14 6 7 5 6 11 17
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: để cho

Preposition

IPA: [t͡ɕɔ˧˧] [Hà-Nội], [t͡ɕɔ˧˧] [Huế], [cɔ˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Audio: LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-cho.wav [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Forms: [CJK], [CJK]
Etymology: From Proto-Vietic *cəː; cognate with Arem cʌː. Most prepositions in Vietnamese were originally verbs: ở (“to stay; at, in”), đến (“to come; to”), tới (“to arrive; to”), lên (“to go up; onto”), vào (“to enter; in, into”), theo (“to follow; according to”), về (“to return; about”). Etymology templates: {{inh|vi|mkh-vie-pro|*cəː}} Proto-Vietic *cəː, {{cog|aem|-}} Arem, {{m|vi|ở||to stay; at, in}} ở (“to stay; at, in”), {{m|vi|đến||to come; to}} đến (“to come; to”), {{m|vi|tới||to arrive; to}} tới (“to arrive; to”), {{m|vi|lên||to go up; onto}} lên (“to go up; onto”), {{m|vi|vào||to enter; in, into}} vào (“to enter; in, into”), {{m|vi|theo||to follow; according to}} theo (“to follow; according to”), {{m|vi|về||to return; about}} về (“to return; about”) Head templates: {{head|vi|preposition|head=|tr=朱, 渚}} cho • (朱, 渚), {{vi-preposition|朱, 渚}} cho • (朱, 渚)
  1. for; to
    Sense id: en-cho-vi-prep-AgNZbddH
  2. until; till
    Sense id: en-cho-vi-prep-uaDrO9X3 Categories (other): Vietnamese prepositions Disambiguation of Vietnamese prepositions: 11 17 6 14 6 7 5 6 11 17

Verb

IPA: [t͡ɕɔ˧˧] [Hà-Nội], [t͡ɕɔ˧˧] [Huế], [cɔ˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Audio: LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-cho.wav [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Forms: [CJK], [CJK]
Etymology: From Proto-Vietic *cəː; cognate with Arem cʌː. Most prepositions in Vietnamese were originally verbs: ở (“to stay; at, in”), đến (“to come; to”), tới (“to arrive; to”), lên (“to go up; onto”), vào (“to enter; in, into”), theo (“to follow; according to”), về (“to return; about”). Etymology templates: {{inh|vi|mkh-vie-pro|*cəː}} Proto-Vietic *cəː, {{cog|aem|-}} Arem, {{m|vi|ở||to stay; at, in}} ở (“to stay; at, in”), {{m|vi|đến||to come; to}} đến (“to come; to”), {{m|vi|tới||to arrive; to}} tới (“to arrive; to”), {{m|vi|lên||to go up; onto}} lên (“to go up; onto”), {{m|vi|vào||to enter; in, into}} vào (“to enter; in, into”), {{m|vi|theo||to follow; according to}} theo (“to follow; according to”), {{m|vi|về||to return; about}} về (“to return; about”) Head templates: {{head|vi|verb|||head=|tr=朱, 渚}} cho • (朱, 渚), {{vi-verb|朱, 渚}} cho • (朱, 渚)
  1. to give
    Sense id: en-cho-vi-verb-jKZk8JaJ
  2. to let; to make; to cause
    Sense id: en-cho-vi-verb-jNXh71CV
  3. to let; to allow; to permit Synonyms: cho phép
    Sense id: en-cho-vi-verb-OnSh3S3s
  4. to put; to add
    Sense id: en-cho-vi-verb-TfLShyTc
  5. to think; to consider
    Sense id: en-cho-vi-verb-~HrEu9Se Categories (other): Vietnamese prepositions Disambiguation of Vietnamese prepositions: 11 17 6 14 6 7 5 6 11 17
  6. (mathematics) to suppose Categories (topical): Mathematics
    Sense id: en-cho-vi-verb-T-3pxHAg Categories (other): Vietnamese prepositions Disambiguation of Vietnamese prepositions: 11 17 6 14 6 7 5 6 11 17 Topics: mathematics, sciences
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: cho biết, cho hay, cho phép, cho thấy, để cho

Download JSON data for cho meaning in Vietnamese (10.8kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "cho biết"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "cho hay"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "cho phép"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "cho thấy"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "để cho"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*cəː"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *cəː",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "aem",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Arem",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "ở",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to stay; at, in"
      },
      "expansion": "ở (“to stay; at, in”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "đến",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to come; to"
      },
      "expansion": "đến (“to come; to”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "tới",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to arrive; to"
      },
      "expansion": "tới (“to arrive; to”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "lên",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to go up; onto"
      },
      "expansion": "lên (“to go up; onto”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "vào",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to enter; in, into"
      },
      "expansion": "vào (“to enter; in, into”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "theo",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to follow; according to"
      },
      "expansion": "theo (“to follow; according to”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "về",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to return; about"
      },
      "expansion": "về (“to return; about”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *cəː; cognate with Arem cʌː.\nMost prepositions in Vietnamese were originally verbs: ở (“to stay; at, in”), đến (“to come; to”), tới (“to arrive; to”), lên (“to go up; onto”), vào (“to enter; in, into”), theo (“to follow; according to”), về (“to return; about”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "朱",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "渚",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "朱, 渚"
      },
      "expansion": "cho • (朱, 渚)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "朱, 渚"
      },
      "expansion": "cho • (朱, 渚)",
      "name": "vi-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Give me a little milk, please.",
          "text": "Cho em xin một ít sữa.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to give"
      ],
      "id": "en-cho-vi-verb-jKZk8JaJ",
      "links": [
        [
          "give",
          "give"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to let; to make; to cause"
      ],
      "id": "en-cho-vi-verb-jNXh71CV",
      "links": [
        [
          "let",
          "let"
        ],
        [
          "make",
          "make"
        ],
        [
          "cause",
          "cause"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Who let you do that?",
          "text": "Ai cho mày làm vậy, hử?",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to let; to allow; to permit"
      ],
      "id": "en-cho-vi-verb-OnSh3S3s",
      "links": [
        [
          "let",
          "let"
        ],
        [
          "allow",
          "allow"
        ],
        [
          "permit",
          "permit"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "cho phép"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "You should add a little bit more salt.",
          "text": "Cho thêm tí muối đi.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to put; to add"
      ],
      "id": "en-cho-vi-verb-TfLShyTc",
      "links": [
        [
          "put",
          "put"
        ],
        [
          "add",
          "add"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "11 17 6 14 6 7 5 6 11 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to think; to consider"
      ],
      "id": "en-cho-vi-verb-~HrEu9Se",
      "links": [
        [
          "think",
          "think"
        ],
        [
          "consider",
          "consider"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "vi",
          "name": "Mathematics",
          "orig": "vi:Mathematics",
          "parents": [
            "Formal sciences",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 17 6 14 6 7 5 6 11 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "suppose an ABC triangle",
          "text": "cho tam giác ABC",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to suppose"
      ],
      "id": "en-cho-vi-verb-T-3pxHAg",
      "links": [
        [
          "mathematics",
          "mathematics"
        ],
        [
          "suppose",
          "suppose"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(mathematics) to suppose"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "mathematics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕɔ˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕɔ˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[cɔ˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-cho.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e4/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e4/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hồ Chí Minh City)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "cho"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "để cho"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*cəː"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *cəː",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "aem",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Arem",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "ở",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to stay; at, in"
      },
      "expansion": "ở (“to stay; at, in”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "đến",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to come; to"
      },
      "expansion": "đến (“to come; to”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "tới",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to arrive; to"
      },
      "expansion": "tới (“to arrive; to”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "lên",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to go up; onto"
      },
      "expansion": "lên (“to go up; onto”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "vào",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to enter; in, into"
      },
      "expansion": "vào (“to enter; in, into”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "theo",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to follow; according to"
      },
      "expansion": "theo (“to follow; according to”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "về",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to return; about"
      },
      "expansion": "về (“to return; about”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *cəː; cognate with Arem cʌː.\nMost prepositions in Vietnamese were originally verbs: ở (“to stay; at, in”), đến (“to come; to”), tới (“to arrive; to”), lên (“to go up; onto”), vào (“to enter; in, into”), theo (“to follow; according to”), về (“to return; about”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "朱",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "渚",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "particle",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "朱, 渚"
      },
      "expansion": "cho • (朱, 渚)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "朱, 渚"
      },
      "expansion": "cho • (朱, 渚)",
      "name": "vi-particle"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "30 15 4 5 4 8 7 8 3 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "41 23 0 6 0 7 6 6 0 11",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese particles",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 17 6 14 6 7 5 6 11 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used to emphasize để."
      ],
      "id": "en-cho-vi-particle-m9Oo8NJZ",
      "links": [
        [
          "để",
          "để#English"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "11 17 6 14 6 7 5 6 11 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Let me do it!",
          "text": "Để tôi làm cho!",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Dative marker."
      ],
      "id": "en-cho-vi-particle-KVGZhC~9",
      "links": [
        [
          "Dative",
          "dative#English"
        ],
        [
          "marker",
          "marker#English"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕɔ˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕɔ˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[cɔ˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-cho.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e4/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e4/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hồ Chí Minh City)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "cho"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*cəː"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *cəː",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "aem",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Arem",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "ở",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to stay; at, in"
      },
      "expansion": "ở (“to stay; at, in”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "đến",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to come; to"
      },
      "expansion": "đến (“to come; to”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "tới",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to arrive; to"
      },
      "expansion": "tới (“to arrive; to”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "lên",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to go up; onto"
      },
      "expansion": "lên (“to go up; onto”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "vào",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to enter; in, into"
      },
      "expansion": "vào (“to enter; in, into”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "theo",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to follow; according to"
      },
      "expansion": "theo (“to follow; according to”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "về",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to return; about"
      },
      "expansion": "về (“to return; about”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *cəː; cognate with Arem cʌː.\nMost prepositions in Vietnamese were originally verbs: ở (“to stay; at, in”), đến (“to come; to”), tới (“to arrive; to”), lên (“to go up; onto”), vào (“to enter; in, into”), theo (“to follow; according to”), về (“to return; about”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "朱",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "渚",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "preposition",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "朱, 渚"
      },
      "expansion": "cho • (朱, 渚)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "朱, 渚"
      },
      "expansion": "cho • (朱, 渚)",
      "name": "vi-preposition"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "for; to"
      ],
      "id": "en-cho-vi-prep-AgNZbddH",
      "links": [
        [
          "for",
          "for"
        ],
        [
          "to",
          "to"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "11 17 6 14 6 7 5 6 11 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "until; till"
      ],
      "id": "en-cho-vi-prep-uaDrO9X3",
      "links": [
        [
          "until",
          "until"
        ],
        [
          "till",
          "till"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕɔ˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕɔ˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[cɔ˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-cho.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e4/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e4/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hồ Chí Minh City)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "cho"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese particles",
    "Vietnamese prepositions",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms inherited from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links",
    "Vietnamese verbs"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "cho biết"
    },
    {
      "word": "cho hay"
    },
    {
      "word": "cho phép"
    },
    {
      "word": "cho thấy"
    },
    {
      "word": "để cho"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*cəː"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *cəː",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "aem",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Arem",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "ở",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to stay; at, in"
      },
      "expansion": "ở (“to stay; at, in”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "đến",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to come; to"
      },
      "expansion": "đến (“to come; to”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "tới",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to arrive; to"
      },
      "expansion": "tới (“to arrive; to”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "lên",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to go up; onto"
      },
      "expansion": "lên (“to go up; onto”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "vào",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to enter; in, into"
      },
      "expansion": "vào (“to enter; in, into”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "theo",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to follow; according to"
      },
      "expansion": "theo (“to follow; according to”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "về",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to return; about"
      },
      "expansion": "về (“to return; about”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *cəː; cognate with Arem cʌː.\nMost prepositions in Vietnamese were originally verbs: ở (“to stay; at, in”), đến (“to come; to”), tới (“to arrive; to”), lên (“to go up; onto”), vào (“to enter; in, into”), theo (“to follow; according to”), về (“to return; about”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "朱",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "渚",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "朱, 渚"
      },
      "expansion": "cho • (朱, 渚)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "朱, 渚"
      },
      "expansion": "cho • (朱, 渚)",
      "name": "vi-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Give me a little milk, please.",
          "text": "Cho em xin một ít sữa.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to give"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "give",
          "give"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to let; to make; to cause"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "let",
          "let"
        ],
        [
          "make",
          "make"
        ],
        [
          "cause",
          "cause"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Who let you do that?",
          "text": "Ai cho mày làm vậy, hử?",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to let; to allow; to permit"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "let",
          "let"
        ],
        [
          "allow",
          "allow"
        ],
        [
          "permit",
          "permit"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "cho phép"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "You should add a little bit more salt.",
          "text": "Cho thêm tí muối đi.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to put; to add"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "put",
          "put"
        ],
        [
          "add",
          "add"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to think; to consider"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "think",
          "think"
        ],
        [
          "consider",
          "consider"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples",
        "vi:Mathematics"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "suppose an ABC triangle",
          "text": "cho tam giác ABC",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to suppose"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "mathematics",
          "mathematics"
        ],
        [
          "suppose",
          "suppose"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(mathematics) to suppose"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "mathematics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕɔ˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕɔ˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[cɔ˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-cho.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e4/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e4/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hồ Chí Minh City)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "cho"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese particles",
    "Vietnamese prepositions",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms inherited from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links",
    "Vietnamese verbs"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "để cho"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*cəː"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *cəː",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "aem",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Arem",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "ở",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to stay; at, in"
      },
      "expansion": "ở (“to stay; at, in”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "đến",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to come; to"
      },
      "expansion": "đến (“to come; to”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "tới",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to arrive; to"
      },
      "expansion": "tới (“to arrive; to”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "lên",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to go up; onto"
      },
      "expansion": "lên (“to go up; onto”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "vào",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to enter; in, into"
      },
      "expansion": "vào (“to enter; in, into”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "theo",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to follow; according to"
      },
      "expansion": "theo (“to follow; according to”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "về",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to return; about"
      },
      "expansion": "về (“to return; about”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *cəː; cognate with Arem cʌː.\nMost prepositions in Vietnamese were originally verbs: ở (“to stay; at, in”), đến (“to come; to”), tới (“to arrive; to”), lên (“to go up; onto”), vào (“to enter; in, into”), theo (“to follow; according to”), về (“to return; about”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "朱",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "渚",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "particle",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "朱, 渚"
      },
      "expansion": "cho • (朱, 渚)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "朱, 渚"
      },
      "expansion": "cho • (朱, 渚)",
      "name": "vi-particle"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Used to emphasize để."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "để",
          "để#English"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Let me do it!",
          "text": "Để tôi làm cho!",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Dative marker."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Dative",
          "dative#English"
        ],
        [
          "marker",
          "marker#English"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕɔ˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕɔ˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[cɔ˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-cho.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e4/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e4/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hồ Chí Minh City)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "cho"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese particles",
    "Vietnamese prepositions",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms inherited from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links",
    "Vietnamese verbs"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*cəː"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *cəː",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "aem",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Arem",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "ở",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to stay; at, in"
      },
      "expansion": "ở (“to stay; at, in”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "đến",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to come; to"
      },
      "expansion": "đến (“to come; to”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "tới",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to arrive; to"
      },
      "expansion": "tới (“to arrive; to”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "lên",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to go up; onto"
      },
      "expansion": "lên (“to go up; onto”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "vào",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to enter; in, into"
      },
      "expansion": "vào (“to enter; in, into”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "theo",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to follow; according to"
      },
      "expansion": "theo (“to follow; according to”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "về",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to return; about"
      },
      "expansion": "về (“to return; about”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *cəː; cognate with Arem cʌː.\nMost prepositions in Vietnamese were originally verbs: ở (“to stay; at, in”), đến (“to come; to”), tới (“to arrive; to”), lên (“to go up; onto”), vào (“to enter; in, into”), theo (“to follow; according to”), về (“to return; about”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "朱",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "渚",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "preposition",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "朱, 渚"
      },
      "expansion": "cho • (朱, 渚)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "朱, 渚"
      },
      "expansion": "cho • (朱, 渚)",
      "name": "vi-preposition"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "for; to"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "for",
          "for"
        ],
        [
          "to",
          "to"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "until; till"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "until",
          "until"
        ],
        [
          "till",
          "till"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕɔ˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[t͡ɕɔ˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[cɔ˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-cho.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e4/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e4/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-cho.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hồ Chí Minh City)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "cho"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Vietnamese dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.