"๐’„ž" meaning in Sumerian

See ๐’„ž in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

Forms: gud [romanization], guโ‚„ [romanization], guล™ [romanization]
Etymology: A term found in the Euphratic substrate theory, which connects it to Proto-Indo-European *gสทแน“ws (โ€œcowโ€). This word in particular is not of atypical syllable structure for being native Sumerian, which is the main sign indicating a potential borrowing into the language. Gordon Whittaker (2008) proposed that the language of the proto-literary texts from the Late Uruk period (c. 3350โ€“3100 BC) is an early Indo-European language that he terms Euphratic. Etymology templates: {{bor|sux|qfa-sub}} substrate, {{cog|ine-pro|*gสทแน“ws||cow}} Proto-Indo-European *gสทแน“ws (โ€œcowโ€) Head templates: {{head|sux|noun|tr=gud, guโ‚„|ts=guล™}} ๐’„ž โ€ข (gud, guโ‚„ /guล™/)
  1. bull, ox
    Sense id: en-๐’„ž-sux-noun-yT6yRLhT
  2. cattle Categories (lifeform): Cattle
    Sense id: en-๐’„ž-sux-noun-rdC4hzlX Disambiguation of Cattle: 5 55 32 8
  3. calf
    Sense id: en-๐’„ž-sux-noun-cjOr1-oi Categories (other): Sumerian entries with incorrect language header, Sumerian entries with topic categories using raw markup Disambiguation of Sumerian entries with incorrect language header: 12 12 64 12 Disambiguation of Sumerian entries with topic categories using raw markup: 3 3 90 3
  4. lion
    Sense id: en-๐’„ž-sux-noun-~FlIdxK7
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: ๐’„ž๐’‰Œ (gud'i), Sumerian terms spelled with ๐’„ž

Alternative forms

Download JSONL data for ๐’„ž meaning in Sumerian (2.4kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sux",
        "2": "qfa-sub"
      },
      "expansion": "substrate",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*gสทแน“ws",
        "3": "",
        "4": "cow"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *gสทแน“ws (โ€œcowโ€)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "A term found in the Euphratic substrate theory, which connects it to Proto-Indo-European *gสทแน“ws (โ€œcowโ€). This word in particular is not of atypical syllable structure for being native Sumerian, which is the main sign indicating a potential borrowing into the language. Gordon Whittaker (2008) proposed that the language of the proto-literary texts from the Late Uruk period (c. 3350โ€“3100 BC) is an early Indo-European language that he terms Euphratic.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "gud",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "guโ‚„",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "guล™",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sux",
        "2": "noun",
        "tr": "gud, guโ‚„",
        "ts": "guล™"
      },
      "expansion": "๐’„ž โ€ข (gud, guโ‚„ /guล™/)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Sumerian",
  "lang_code": "sux",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "roman": "gud'i",
      "word": "๐’„ž๐’‰Œ"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Sumerian terms spelled with ๐’„ž"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "bull, ox"
      ],
      "id": "en-๐’„ž-sux-noun-yT6yRLhT",
      "links": [
        [
          "bull",
          "bull"
        ],
        [
          "ox",
          "ox"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "5 55 32 8",
          "kind": "lifeform",
          "langcode": "sux",
          "name": "Cattle",
          "orig": "sux:Cattle",
          "parents": [
            "Bovines",
            "Livestock",
            "Even-toed ungulates",
            "Agriculture",
            "Animals",
            "Mammals",
            "Applied sciences",
            "Lifeforms",
            "Vertebrates",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Life",
            "Chordates",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nature"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "cattle"
      ],
      "id": "en-๐’„ž-sux-noun-rdC4hzlX",
      "links": [
        [
          "cattle",
          "cattle"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "12 12 64 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sumerian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "3 3 90 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sumerian entries with topic categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with topic categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "calf"
      ],
      "id": "en-๐’„ž-sux-noun-cjOr1-oi",
      "links": [
        [
          "calf",
          "calf"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "lion"
      ],
      "id": "en-๐’„ž-sux-noun-~FlIdxK7",
      "links": [
        [
          "lion",
          "lion"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Proto-Euphratean language"
  ],
  "word": "๐’„ž"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Sumerian entries with incorrect language header",
    "Sumerian entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "Sumerian lemmas",
    "Sumerian nouns",
    "Sumerian terms borrowed from substrate languages",
    "Sumerian terms derived from substrate languages",
    "sux:Cattle"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sux",
        "2": "qfa-sub"
      },
      "expansion": "substrate",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*gสทแน“ws",
        "3": "",
        "4": "cow"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *gสทแน“ws (โ€œcowโ€)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "A term found in the Euphratic substrate theory, which connects it to Proto-Indo-European *gสทแน“ws (โ€œcowโ€). This word in particular is not of atypical syllable structure for being native Sumerian, which is the main sign indicating a potential borrowing into the language. Gordon Whittaker (2008) proposed that the language of the proto-literary texts from the Late Uruk period (c. 3350โ€“3100 BC) is an early Indo-European language that he terms Euphratic.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "gud",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "guโ‚„",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "guล™",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sux",
        "2": "noun",
        "tr": "gud, guโ‚„",
        "ts": "guล™"
      },
      "expansion": "๐’„ž โ€ข (gud, guโ‚„ /guล™/)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Sumerian",
  "lang_code": "sux",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "roman": "gud'i",
      "word": "๐’„ž๐’‰Œ"
    },
    {
      "word": "Sumerian terms spelled with ๐’„ž"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "bull, ox"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "bull",
          "bull"
        ],
        [
          "ox",
          "ox"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "cattle"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "cattle",
          "cattle"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "calf"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "calf",
          "calf"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "lion"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "lion",
          "lion"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Proto-Euphratean language"
  ],
  "word": "๐’„ž"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Sumerian dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-20 using wiktextract (0af6c06 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.