"pred" meaning in Serbo-Croatian

See pred in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Preposition

IPA: /prêd/ Forms: prȅd [canonical], пре̏д [Cyrillic]
Etymology: Inherited from Proto-Slavic *perdъ. Etymology templates: {{glossary|Inherited}} Inherited, {{inh|sh|sla-pro|*perdъ|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Proto-Slavic *perdъ, {{inh+|sh|sla-pro|*perdъ}} Inherited from Proto-Slavic *perdъ Head templates: {{sh-preposition|head=prȅd}} prȅd (Cyrillic spelling пре̏д)
  1. (accusative) before, just before, shortly before (of occurrence, answering the question kȁd) Tags: accusative
    Sense id: en-pred-sh-prep-PNcICIBp Categories (other): Serbo-Croatian terms with collocations
  2. (instrumental) before, in front of, before (without change of position, answering the question gdjȅ/gdȅ) Tags: instrumental
    Sense id: en-pred-sh-prep-FEyNlQ5e
  3. (clipping of ispred, accusative) in front of, to the front of, before (with change of position, answering the question kùda) Tags: accusative, clipping
    Sense id: en-pred-sh-prep-aVuSCqk0
  4. (figurative, instrumental) in face of, before, facing Tags: figuratively, instrumental
    Sense id: en-pred-sh-prep-4F3H8MGs
  5. (regional) ago Tags: regional Synonyms: prije, pre
    Sense id: en-pred-sh-prep-HY4I~WMm Categories (other): Regional Serbo-Croatian, Serbo-Croatian entries with incorrect language header, Serbo-Croatian prepositions Disambiguation of Serbo-Croatian entries with incorrect language header: 21 2 2 13 62 Disambiguation of Serbo-Croatian prepositions: 12 9 9 14 55
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: prȅda Related terms: ispred

Download JSON data for pred meaning in Serbo-Croatian (3.8kB)

{
  "antonyms": [
    {
      "sense": "antonym(s) of “in front of”",
      "word": "iza"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sh",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*perdъ",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *perdъ",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sh",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*perdъ"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *perdъ",
      "name": "inh+"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *perdъ.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "prȅd",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "пре̏д",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "head": "prȅd"
      },
      "expansion": "prȅd (Cyrillic spelling пре̏д)",
      "name": "sh-preposition"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
  "lang_code": "sh",
  "pos": "prep",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "ispred"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Serbo-Croatian terms with collocations",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with collocations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "just before the war",
          "text": "pred rat",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "before, just before, shortly before (of occurrence, answering the question kȁd)"
      ],
      "id": "en-pred-sh-prep-PNcICIBp",
      "links": [
        [
          "before",
          "before"
        ],
        [
          "kȁd",
          "kad#Serbo-Croatian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(accusative) before, just before, shortly before (of occurrence, answering the question kȁd)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "accusative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "I'm sitting in front of the house.",
          "text": "S(j)edim pred kȕćōm.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "before, in front of, before (without change of position, answering the question gdjȅ/gdȅ)"
      ],
      "id": "en-pred-sh-prep-FEyNlQ5e",
      "links": [
        [
          "before",
          "before"
        ],
        [
          "in front of",
          "in front of"
        ],
        [
          "gdjȅ",
          "gdje#Serbo-Croatian"
        ],
        [
          "gdȅ",
          "gde#Serbo-Croatian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(instrumental) before, in front of, before (without change of position, answering the question gdjȅ/gdȅ)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "instrumental"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Sit in front of me.",
          "text": "S(j)edni preda me.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "in front of, to the front of, before (with change of position, answering the question kùda)"
      ],
      "id": "en-pred-sh-prep-aVuSCqk0",
      "links": [
        [
          "ispred",
          "ispred#Serbo-Croatian"
        ],
        [
          "in front of",
          "in front of"
        ],
        [
          "front",
          "front"
        ],
        [
          "before",
          "before"
        ],
        [
          "kùda",
          "kuda#Serbo-Croatian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(clipping of ispred, accusative) in front of, to the front of, before (with change of position, answering the question kùda)"
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "of ispred"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "clipping"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "in face of, before, facing"
      ],
      "id": "en-pred-sh-prep-4F3H8MGs",
      "links": [
        [
          "in face of",
          "in face of"
        ],
        [
          "before",
          "before"
        ],
        [
          "facing",
          "facing"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(figurative, instrumental) in face of, before, facing"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "figuratively",
        "instrumental"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Regional Serbo-Croatian",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 2 2 13 62",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Serbo-Croatian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "12 9 9 14 55",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Serbo-Croatian prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "That happened 150 years ago.",
          "text": "To se dogodilo pred 150 godina.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "ago"
      ],
      "id": "en-pred-sh-prep-HY4I~WMm",
      "links": [
        [
          "regional",
          "regional#English"
        ],
        [
          "ago",
          "ago"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(regional) ago"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "prije"
        },
        {
          "word": "pre"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "regional"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/prêd/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "prȅda"
    }
  ],
  "word": "pred"
}
{
  "antonyms": [
    {
      "sense": "antonym(s) of “in front of”",
      "word": "iza"
    }
  ],
  "categories": [
    "Serbo-Croatian entries with incorrect language header",
    "Serbo-Croatian lemmas",
    "Serbo-Croatian prepositions",
    "Serbo-Croatian terms derived from Proto-Slavic",
    "Serbo-Croatian terms inherited from Proto-Slavic",
    "Serbo-Croatian terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sh",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*perdъ",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *perdъ",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sh",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*perdъ"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *perdъ",
      "name": "inh+"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *perdъ.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "prȅd",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "пре̏д",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "head": "prȅd"
      },
      "expansion": "prȅd (Cyrillic spelling пре̏д)",
      "name": "sh-preposition"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
  "lang_code": "sh",
  "pos": "prep",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "ispred"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Serbo-Croatian terms with collocations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "just before the war",
          "text": "pred rat",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "before, just before, shortly before (of occurrence, answering the question kȁd)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "before",
          "before"
        ],
        [
          "kȁd",
          "kad#Serbo-Croatian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(accusative) before, just before, shortly before (of occurrence, answering the question kȁd)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "accusative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Serbo-Croatian terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "I'm sitting in front of the house.",
          "text": "S(j)edim pred kȕćōm.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "before, in front of, before (without change of position, answering the question gdjȅ/gdȅ)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "before",
          "before"
        ],
        [
          "in front of",
          "in front of"
        ],
        [
          "gdjȅ",
          "gdje#Serbo-Croatian"
        ],
        [
          "gdȅ",
          "gde#Serbo-Croatian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(instrumental) before, in front of, before (without change of position, answering the question gdjȅ/gdȅ)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "instrumental"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Serbo-Croatian terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Sit in front of me.",
          "text": "S(j)edni preda me.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "in front of, to the front of, before (with change of position, answering the question kùda)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "ispred",
          "ispred#Serbo-Croatian"
        ],
        [
          "in front of",
          "in front of"
        ],
        [
          "front",
          "front"
        ],
        [
          "before",
          "before"
        ],
        [
          "kùda",
          "kuda#Serbo-Croatian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(clipping of ispred, accusative) in front of, to the front of, before (with change of position, answering the question kùda)"
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "of ispred"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "clipping"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "in face of, before, facing"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "in face of",
          "in face of"
        ],
        [
          "before",
          "before"
        ],
        [
          "facing",
          "facing"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(figurative, instrumental) in face of, before, facing"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "figuratively",
        "instrumental"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Regional Serbo-Croatian",
        "Serbo-Croatian terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "That happened 150 years ago.",
          "text": "To se dogodilo pred 150 godina.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "ago"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "regional",
          "regional#English"
        ],
        [
          "ago",
          "ago"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(regional) ago"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "prije"
        },
        {
          "word": "pre"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "regional"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/prêd/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "prȅda"
    }
  ],
  "word": "pred"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Serbo-Croatian dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.