"gnàth" meaning in Scottish Gaelic

See gnàth in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /kɾãː/ Forms: gnàtha [genitive, singular], gnàthan [plural]
Etymology: From Old Irish gnáth (“customary, usual”), from Proto-Celtic *gnātos (“known, usual”), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃- (“to know”). Etymology templates: {{root|gd|ine-pro|*ǵneh₃-}}, {{inh|gd|sga|gnáth|t=customary, usual}} Old Irish gnáth (“customary, usual”), {{inh|gd|cel-pro|*gnātos|t=known, usual}} Proto-Celtic *gnātos (“known, usual”), {{der|gd|ine-pro|*ǵneh₃-|t=to know}} Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃- (“to know”) Head templates: {{head|gd|noun|||||||genitive singular|gnàtha|||||||plural|gnàthan||||||{{{pl4}}}|cat2=|f1accel-form=dat|s|f2accel-form=dat|s|f3accel-form=dat|s|f4accel-form=gen|s|f5accel-form=gen|s|f6accel-form=gen|s|f7accel-form=p|f8accel-form=p|f9accel-form=p|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=}} gnàth m (genitive singular gnàtha, plural gnàthan), {{gd-noun|g=m|gen=gnàtha|pl=gnàthan}} gnàth m (genitive singular gnàtha, plural gnàthan)
  1. custom, habit, convention Tags: masculine Synonyms: gnàths, gnàthas Derived forms: deas-ghnàth (english: ceremony, rite, ritual), eadar-ghnàth (english: ingenuity), gnàth-theagasg (english: doctrine), gnàthach (english: common, usual), gnàthas-cainnt [idiomatic], gnàthasach [idiomatic]
    Sense id: en-gnàth-gd-noun-TdKXCKiz Categories (other): Scottish Gaelic entries with incorrect language header

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for gnàth meaning in Scottish Gaelic (2.5kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gd",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*ǵneh₃-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gd",
        "2": "sga",
        "3": "gnáth",
        "t": "customary, usual"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Irish gnáth (“customary, usual”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gd",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*gnātos",
        "t": "known, usual"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *gnātos (“known, usual”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gd",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*ǵneh₃-",
        "t": "to know"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃- (“to know”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Irish gnáth (“customary, usual”), from Proto-Celtic *gnātos (“known, usual”), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃- (“to know”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "gnàtha",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gnàthan",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gd",
        "10": "gnàtha",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "",
        "15": "",
        "16": "",
        "17": "plural",
        "18": "gnàthan",
        "19": "",
        "2": "noun",
        "20": "",
        "21": "",
        "22": "",
        "23": "",
        "24": "{{{pl4}}}",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "genitive singular",
        "cat2": "",
        "f1accel-form": "dat|s",
        "f2accel-form": "dat|s",
        "f3accel-form": "dat|s",
        "f4accel-form": "gen|s",
        "f5accel-form": "gen|s",
        "f6accel-form": "gen|s",
        "f7accel-form": "p",
        "f8accel-form": "p",
        "f9accel-form": "p",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "gnàth m (genitive singular gnàtha, plural gnàthan)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "m",
        "gen": "gnàtha",
        "pl": "gnàthan"
      },
      "expansion": "gnàth m (genitive singular gnàtha, plural gnàthan)",
      "name": "gd-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
  "lang_code": "gd",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Scottish Gaelic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "english": "ceremony, rite, ritual",
          "word": "deas-ghnàth"
        },
        {
          "english": "ingenuity",
          "word": "eadar-ghnàth"
        },
        {
          "english": "doctrine",
          "word": "gnàth-theagasg"
        },
        {
          "english": "common, usual",
          "word": "gnàthach"
        },
        {
          "tags": [
            "idiomatic"
          ],
          "word": "gnàthas-cainnt"
        },
        {
          "tags": [
            "idiomatic"
          ],
          "word": "gnàthasach"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "custom, habit, convention"
      ],
      "id": "en-gnàth-gd-noun-TdKXCKiz",
      "links": [
        [
          "custom",
          "custom"
        ],
        [
          "habit",
          "habit"
        ],
        [
          "convention",
          "convention"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "gnàths"
        },
        {
          "word": "gnàthas"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/kɾãː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "gnàth"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "english": "ceremony, rite, ritual",
      "word": "deas-ghnàth"
    },
    {
      "english": "ingenuity",
      "word": "eadar-ghnàth"
    },
    {
      "english": "doctrine",
      "word": "gnàth-theagasg"
    },
    {
      "english": "common, usual",
      "word": "gnàthach"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "idiomatic"
      ],
      "word": "gnàthas-cainnt"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "idiomatic"
      ],
      "word": "gnàthasach"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gd",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*ǵneh₃-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gd",
        "2": "sga",
        "3": "gnáth",
        "t": "customary, usual"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Irish gnáth (“customary, usual”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gd",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*gnātos",
        "t": "known, usual"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *gnātos (“known, usual”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gd",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*ǵneh₃-",
        "t": "to know"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃- (“to know”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Irish gnáth (“customary, usual”), from Proto-Celtic *gnātos (“known, usual”), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃- (“to know”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "gnàtha",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gnàthan",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gd",
        "10": "gnàtha",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "",
        "15": "",
        "16": "",
        "17": "plural",
        "18": "gnàthan",
        "19": "",
        "2": "noun",
        "20": "",
        "21": "",
        "22": "",
        "23": "",
        "24": "{{{pl4}}}",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "genitive singular",
        "cat2": "",
        "f1accel-form": "dat|s",
        "f2accel-form": "dat|s",
        "f3accel-form": "dat|s",
        "f4accel-form": "gen|s",
        "f5accel-form": "gen|s",
        "f6accel-form": "gen|s",
        "f7accel-form": "p",
        "f8accel-form": "p",
        "f9accel-form": "p",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "gnàth m (genitive singular gnàtha, plural gnàthan)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "m",
        "gen": "gnàtha",
        "pl": "gnàthan"
      },
      "expansion": "gnàth m (genitive singular gnàtha, plural gnàthan)",
      "name": "gd-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
  "lang_code": "gd",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Scottish Gaelic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Scottish Gaelic lemmas",
        "Scottish Gaelic masculine nouns",
        "Scottish Gaelic nouns",
        "Scottish Gaelic terms derived from Old Irish",
        "Scottish Gaelic terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
        "Scottish Gaelic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Scottish Gaelic terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *ǵneh₃-",
        "Scottish Gaelic terms inherited from Old Irish",
        "Scottish Gaelic terms inherited from Proto-Celtic",
        "Scottish Gaelic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "gd-noun 2"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "custom, habit, convention"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "custom",
          "custom"
        ],
        [
          "habit",
          "habit"
        ],
        [
          "convention",
          "convention"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/kɾãː/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "gnàths"
    },
    {
      "word": "gnàthas"
    }
  ],
  "word": "gnàth"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Scottish Gaelic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.