"uþþan" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See uþþan in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Conjunction

IPA: /ˈuθ.θɑn/
Etymology: From *ud (stressed *uþ) + *þan (“then”). For the former, compare Sanskrit उत (uta, “and, also”). Etymology templates: {{m|gem-pro|*ud}} *ud, {{m|gem-pro|*þan||then}} *þan (“then”), {{m|sa|उत||and, also}} उत (uta, “and, also”)
  1. and, also, even, or Tags: reconstruction Related terms: uþþau
    Sense id: uþþan-gem-pro-conj-UEBqdFqZ

Download JSON data for uþþan meaning in Proto-Germanic (1.5kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "oþþon"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: oþþon",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: oþþon"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "*𐌿𐌸𐌸𐌰𐌽"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: *𐌿𐌸𐌸𐌰𐌽 (*uþþan)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌽𐌰𐌿𐌷𐌿𐌸𐌸𐌰𐌽"
          },
          "expansion": "𐌽𐌰𐌿𐌷𐌿𐌸𐌸𐌰𐌽 (nauhuþþan)",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: *𐌿𐌸𐌸𐌰𐌽 (*uþþan) (attested only in 𐌽𐌰𐌿𐌷𐌿𐌸𐌸𐌰𐌽 (nauhuþþan))"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*ud"
      },
      "expansion": "*ud",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*þan",
        "3": "",
        "4": "then"
      },
      "expansion": "*þan (“then”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "उत",
        "3": "",
        "4": "and, also"
      },
      "expansion": "उत (uta, “and, also”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From *ud (stressed *uþ) + *þan (“then”). For the former, compare Sanskrit उत (uta, “and, also”).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/uþþan",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "and, also, even, or"
      ],
      "id": "uþþan-gem-pro-conj-UEBqdFqZ",
      "links": [
        [
          "and",
          "and"
        ],
        [
          "also",
          "also"
        ],
        [
          "even",
          "even"
        ],
        [
          "or",
          "or"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "uþþau"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈuθ.θɑn/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "uþþan"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "oþþon"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: oþþon",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: oþþon"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "*𐌿𐌸𐌸𐌰𐌽"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: *𐌿𐌸𐌸𐌰𐌽 (*uþþan)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌽𐌰𐌿𐌷𐌿𐌸𐌸𐌰𐌽"
          },
          "expansion": "𐌽𐌰𐌿𐌷𐌿𐌸𐌸𐌰𐌽 (nauhuþþan)",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: *𐌿𐌸𐌸𐌰𐌽 (*uþþan) (attested only in 𐌽𐌰𐌿𐌷𐌿𐌸𐌸𐌰𐌽 (nauhuþþan))"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*ud"
      },
      "expansion": "*ud",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*þan",
        "3": "",
        "4": "then"
      },
      "expansion": "*þan (“then”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "उत",
        "3": "",
        "4": "and, also"
      },
      "expansion": "उत (uta, “and, also”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From *ud (stressed *uþ) + *þan (“then”). For the former, compare Sanskrit उत (uta, “and, also”).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/uþþan",
  "pos": "conj",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "uþþau"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic conjunctions",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "and, also, even, or"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "and",
          "and"
        ],
        [
          "also",
          "also"
        ],
        [
          "even",
          "even"
        ],
        [
          "or",
          "or"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈuθ.θɑn/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "uþþan"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.