"twalif" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See twalif in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Numeral

IPA: /ˈtwɑ.liɸ/
Etymology: Compound of *twai (“two”) and *-lif (“left over”), from *lībaną (“to remain, be left”). Etymology templates: {{m|gem-pro|*twai|t=two}} *twai (“two”), {{m|gem-pro|*-lif|t=left over}} *-lif (“left over”), {{m|gem-pro|*lībaną|t=to remain, be left}} *lībaną (“to remain, be left”)
  1. twelve Tags: reconstruction Categories (topical): Proto-Germanic cardinal numbers Derived forms: twaliftô, twalifwintruz
    Sense id: twalif-gem-pro-num-0adJrYeb

Download JSON data for twalif meaning in Proto-Germanic (5.3kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "twelf"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: twelf, tuœlf; tuelf\nMiddle English: twelve, twelfe, twelf, twælf, tuelf\nEnglish: twelve\nScots: twal, twol (obsolete twelf, twalf, tuelf)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: twelf, tuœlf; tuelf\nMiddle English: twelve, twelfe, twelf, twælf, tuelf\nEnglish: twelve\nScots: twal, twol (obsolete twelf, twalf, tuelf)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "twelif",
            "3": "twelef"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: twelif, twelef",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: twelif, twelef"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frr",
            "2": "tweelwen"
          },
          "expansion": "North Frisian: tweelwen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "North Frisian: tweelwen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "tweelif",
            "3": "tweelf",
            "4": "tweelich"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: tweelif, tweelf, tweelich",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: tweelif, tweelf, tweelich"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "tolve",
            "3": "tolf"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: tolve, tolf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: tolve, tolf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "twelif",
            "3": "twilif",
            "4": "twulif"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: twelif, twilif, twulif",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: twelif, twilif, twulif"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "twelef",
            "3": "tweleve",
            "4": "twelve",
            "5": "twelf",
            "6": "twalf"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: twelef, tweleve, twelve, twelf, twalf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: twelef, tweleve, twelve, twelf, twalf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "twölf",
            "3": "twalf",
            "4": "twalv"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: twölf, twalf, twalv",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: twölf, twalf, twalv"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "pdt",
            "2": "twelf"
          },
          "expansion": "Plautdietsch: twelf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Plautdietsch: twelf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*twelif",
            "3": "*twalif"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *twelif, *twalif",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *twelif, *twalif"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "twelef",
            "3": "tweelf",
            "4": "twalef",
            "5": "twaelf"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: twelef, tweelf, twalef, twaelf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: twelef, tweelf, twalef, twaelf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "twaalf"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: twaalf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: twaalf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "af",
            "2": "twaalf"
          },
          "expansion": "Afrikaans: twaalf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Afrikaans: twaalf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "li",
            "2": "twelf"
          },
          "expansion": "Limburgish: twelf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Limburgish: twelf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "zwelif"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: zwelif\nMiddle High German: zwelef, zwelf\nCentral Franconian: zwällef, zwellef; zwöllef\nCimbrian: sbölbe\nGerman: zwölf\nLuxembourgish: zwielef\nVilamovian: cwełf\nYiddish: צוועלף (tsvelf)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: zwelif\nMiddle High German: zwelef, zwelf\nCentral Franconian: zwällef, zwellef; zwöllef\nCimbrian: sbölbe\nGerman: zwölf\nLuxembourgish: zwielef\nVilamovian: cwełf\nYiddish: צוועלף (tsvelf)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "tolf"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: tolf, tólf, tvalf\nIcelandic: tólf\nFaroese: tólv\nNorwegian Nynorsk: tolv; (dialectal) tølv, tøl, tóv, tælv\nNorwegian Bokmål: tolv\nElfdalian: tolv\nOld Swedish: tolf\nSwedish: tolv, (pre-1906 spelling) tolf\nOld Danish: tolf\nDanish: tolv\nScanian: tølw\nGutnish: tåll, tålv",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: tolf, tólf, tvalf\nIcelandic: tólf\nFaroese: tólv\nNorwegian Nynorsk: tolv; (dialectal) tølv, tøl, tóv, tælv\nNorwegian Bokmål: tolv\nElfdalian: tolv\nOld Swedish: tolf\nSwedish: tolv, (pre-1906 spelling) tolf\nOld Danish: tolf\nDanish: tolv\nScanian: tølw\nGutnish: tåll, tålv"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍄𐍅𐌰𐌻𐌹𐍆"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍄𐍅𐌰𐌻𐌹𐍆 (twalif)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍄𐍅𐌰𐌻𐌹𐍆 (twalif)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*twai",
        "t": "two"
      },
      "expansion": "*twai (“two”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*-lif",
        "t": "left over"
      },
      "expansion": "*-lif (“left over”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*lībaną",
        "t": "to remain, be left"
      },
      "expansion": "*lībaną (“to remain, be left”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Compound of *twai (“two”) and *-lif (“left over”), from *lībaną (“to remain, be left”).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/twalif",
  "pos": "num",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic cardinal numbers",
          "parents": [
            "Cardinal numbers",
            "Numbers",
            "All topics",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "twaliftô"
        },
        {
          "word": "twalifwintruz"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "twelve"
      ],
      "id": "twalif-gem-pro-num-0adJrYeb",
      "links": [
        [
          "twelve",
          "twelve"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈtwɑ.liɸ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "twalif"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "twaliftô"
    },
    {
      "word": "twalifwintruz"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "twelf"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: twelf, tuœlf; tuelf\nMiddle English: twelve, twelfe, twelf, twælf, tuelf\nEnglish: twelve\nScots: twal, twol (obsolete twelf, twalf, tuelf)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: twelf, tuœlf; tuelf\nMiddle English: twelve, twelfe, twelf, twælf, tuelf\nEnglish: twelve\nScots: twal, twol (obsolete twelf, twalf, tuelf)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "twelif",
            "3": "twelef"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: twelif, twelef",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: twelif, twelef"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frr",
            "2": "tweelwen"
          },
          "expansion": "North Frisian: tweelwen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "North Frisian: tweelwen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "tweelif",
            "3": "tweelf",
            "4": "tweelich"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: tweelif, tweelf, tweelich",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: tweelif, tweelf, tweelich"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "tolve",
            "3": "tolf"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: tolve, tolf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: tolve, tolf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "twelif",
            "3": "twilif",
            "4": "twulif"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: twelif, twilif, twulif",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: twelif, twilif, twulif"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "twelef",
            "3": "tweleve",
            "4": "twelve",
            "5": "twelf",
            "6": "twalf"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: twelef, tweleve, twelve, twelf, twalf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: twelef, tweleve, twelve, twelf, twalf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "twölf",
            "3": "twalf",
            "4": "twalv"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: twölf, twalf, twalv",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: twölf, twalf, twalv"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "pdt",
            "2": "twelf"
          },
          "expansion": "Plautdietsch: twelf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Plautdietsch: twelf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*twelif",
            "3": "*twalif"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *twelif, *twalif",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *twelif, *twalif"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "twelef",
            "3": "tweelf",
            "4": "twalef",
            "5": "twaelf"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: twelef, tweelf, twalef, twaelf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: twelef, tweelf, twalef, twaelf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "twaalf"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: twaalf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: twaalf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "af",
            "2": "twaalf"
          },
          "expansion": "Afrikaans: twaalf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Afrikaans: twaalf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "li",
            "2": "twelf"
          },
          "expansion": "Limburgish: twelf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Limburgish: twelf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "zwelif"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: zwelif\nMiddle High German: zwelef, zwelf\nCentral Franconian: zwällef, zwellef; zwöllef\nCimbrian: sbölbe\nGerman: zwölf\nLuxembourgish: zwielef\nVilamovian: cwełf\nYiddish: צוועלף (tsvelf)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: zwelif\nMiddle High German: zwelef, zwelf\nCentral Franconian: zwällef, zwellef; zwöllef\nCimbrian: sbölbe\nGerman: zwölf\nLuxembourgish: zwielef\nVilamovian: cwełf\nYiddish: צוועלף (tsvelf)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "tolf"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: tolf, tólf, tvalf\nIcelandic: tólf\nFaroese: tólv\nNorwegian Nynorsk: tolv; (dialectal) tølv, tøl, tóv, tælv\nNorwegian Bokmål: tolv\nElfdalian: tolv\nOld Swedish: tolf\nSwedish: tolv, (pre-1906 spelling) tolf\nOld Danish: tolf\nDanish: tolv\nScanian: tølw\nGutnish: tåll, tålv",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: tolf, tólf, tvalf\nIcelandic: tólf\nFaroese: tólv\nNorwegian Nynorsk: tolv; (dialectal) tølv, tøl, tóv, tælv\nNorwegian Bokmål: tolv\nElfdalian: tolv\nOld Swedish: tolf\nSwedish: tolv, (pre-1906 spelling) tolf\nOld Danish: tolf\nDanish: tolv\nScanian: tølw\nGutnish: tåll, tålv"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍄𐍅𐌰𐌻𐌹𐍆"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍄𐍅𐌰𐌻𐌹𐍆 (twalif)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍄𐍅𐌰𐌻𐌹𐍆 (twalif)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*twai",
        "t": "two"
      },
      "expansion": "*twai (“two”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*-lif",
        "t": "left over"
      },
      "expansion": "*-lif (“left over”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*lībaną",
        "t": "to remain, be left"
      },
      "expansion": "*lībaną (“to remain, be left”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Compound of *twai (“two”) and *-lif (“left over”), from *lībaną (“to remain, be left”).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/twalif",
  "pos": "num",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic cardinal numbers",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic numerals",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "twelve"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "twelve",
          "twelve"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈtwɑ.liɸ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "twalif"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

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