"sebun" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See sebun in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Numeral

IPA: /ˈse.βun/
Etymology: From earlier *sebunt, from Pre-Germanic *sepḿ̥t, a metathetic alteration of Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥, with -t positioned through influence of *newun (“nine”) and *tehun (“ten”). Etymology templates: {{m|gem-pro||*sebunt}} *sebunt, {{m|gem-pro||*sepḿ̥t}} *sepḿ̥t, {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*septḿ̥}} Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥, {{m|gem-pro|*newun||nine}} *newun (“nine”), {{m|gem-pro|*tehun||ten}} *tehun (“ten”)
  1. seven Tags: reconstruction Categories (topical): Proto-Germanic cardinal numbers Derived forms: sebunstirniją
    Sense id: sebun-gem-pro-num-O6jQKxb9

Download JSON data for sebun meaning in Proto-Germanic (5.9kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*sebun"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *sebun\nOld English: seofon, siofun, seofun\nMiddle English: seven, ceven, seofen, seoven, sevene, sevyn, sewyn; zeven, zeve\nEnglish: seven\nMiddle Scots: sevin, sewin\nScots: seiven, seeven\nYola: zeven\nOld Frisian: sigun, siugun, sogen, soven, saven, savn\nNorth Frisian: soowen\nSaterland Frisian: sogen\nWest Frisian: sân\nOld Saxon: sivun\nMiddle Low German: sēven\nLow German: sæwen, sæben, seben, seven\nGerman Low German: sëwe, sëwen, sæwen, sæben, söven\nDutch Low Saxon: söben, söven, seben, seven\nPlautdietsch: säwen\nOld Dutch: sivon\nMiddle Dutch: seven\nDutch: zeven\nAfrikaans: sewe\nLimburgish: zeve\nWest Flemish: zēvne\nOld High German: sibun\nMiddle High German: siben, siven, seben, suben, söben\nAlemannic German: sibe, sibä, siebë, siibe\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: zibane, sibane\nMòcheno: sim\nCentral Franconian: sibbe, sivve\nHunsrik: sieve\nLuxembourgish: siwen\nEast Central German:\nVilamovian: zejwa\nEast Franconian:\nGerman: sieben\nRhine Franconian: siewe, siwwe\nPennsylvania German: siwwe\nYiddish: זיבן (zibn)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *sebun\nOld English: seofon, siofun, seofun\nMiddle English: seven, ceven, seofen, seoven, sevene, sevyn, sewyn; zeven, zeve\nEnglish: seven\nMiddle Scots: sevin, sewin\nScots: seiven, seeven\nYola: zeven\nOld Frisian: sigun, siugun, sogen, soven, saven, savn\nNorth Frisian: soowen\nSaterland Frisian: sogen\nWest Frisian: sân\nOld Saxon: sivun\nMiddle Low German: sēven\nLow German: sæwen, sæben, seben, seven\nGerman Low German: sëwe, sëwen, sæwen, sæben, söven\nDutch Low Saxon: söben, söven, seben, seven\nPlautdietsch: säwen\nOld Dutch: sivon\nMiddle Dutch: seven\nDutch: zeven\nAfrikaans: sewe\nLimburgish: zeve\nWest Flemish: zēvne\nOld High German: sibun\nMiddle High German: siben, siven, seben, suben, söben\nAlemannic German: sibe, sibä, siebë, siibe\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: zibane, sibane\nMòcheno: sim\nCentral Franconian: sibbe, sivve\nHunsrik: sieve\nLuxembourgish: siwen\nEast Central German:\nVilamovian: zejwa\nEast Franconian:\nGerman: sieben\nRhine Franconian: siewe, siwwe\nPennsylvania German: siwwe\nYiddish: זיבן (zibn)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "sjau"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: sjau",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "*seaβu"
          },
          "expansion": "*seaβu",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "*seaβun"
          },
          "expansion": "*seaβun",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: sjau (< *seaβu < *seaβun)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "sjö"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: sjö",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: sjö"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "sjey"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: sjey",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: sjey"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nrn",
            "2": "sju"
          },
          "expansion": "Norn: sju",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norn: sju"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "-"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "sju"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: sju",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: sju"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nn",
            "2": "sju"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Nynorsk: sju",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Nynorsk: sju"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "siu",
            "3": "syū",
            "alt": "siū"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: siū, syū",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: siū, syū"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "sju"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: sju",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: sju"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-oda",
            "2": "siu"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Danish: siu",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Danish: siu"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "syv"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: syv",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: syv"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "syv",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Norwegian Bokmål: syv",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Norwegian Bokmål: syv"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ovd",
            "2": "sju"
          },
          "expansion": "Elfdalian: sju",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Elfdalian: sju"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-gut",
            "2": "sjau",
            "3": "sjavv"
          },
          "expansion": "Gutnish: sjau, sjavv",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gutnish: sjau, sjavv"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍃𐌹𐌱𐌿𐌽"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍃𐌹𐌱𐌿𐌽 (sibun)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍃𐌹𐌱𐌿𐌽 (sibun)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*sebunt"
      },
      "expansion": "*sebunt",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*sepḿ̥t"
      },
      "expansion": "*sepḿ̥t",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*septḿ̥"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*newun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "nine"
      },
      "expansion": "*newun (“nine”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*tehun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "ten"
      },
      "expansion": "*tehun (“ten”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From earlier *sebunt, from Pre-Germanic *sepḿ̥t, a metathetic alteration of Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥, with -t positioned through influence of *newun (“nine”) and *tehun (“ten”).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/sebun",
  "pos": "num",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic cardinal numbers",
          "parents": [
            "Cardinal numbers",
            "Numbers",
            "All topics",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "sebunstirniją"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "seven"
      ],
      "id": "sebun-gem-pro-num-O6jQKxb9",
      "links": [
        [
          "seven",
          "seven"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈse.βun/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "sebun"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "sebunstirniją"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*sebun"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *sebun\nOld English: seofon, siofun, seofun\nMiddle English: seven, ceven, seofen, seoven, sevene, sevyn, sewyn; zeven, zeve\nEnglish: seven\nMiddle Scots: sevin, sewin\nScots: seiven, seeven\nYola: zeven\nOld Frisian: sigun, siugun, sogen, soven, saven, savn\nNorth Frisian: soowen\nSaterland Frisian: sogen\nWest Frisian: sân\nOld Saxon: sivun\nMiddle Low German: sēven\nLow German: sæwen, sæben, seben, seven\nGerman Low German: sëwe, sëwen, sæwen, sæben, söven\nDutch Low Saxon: söben, söven, seben, seven\nPlautdietsch: säwen\nOld Dutch: sivon\nMiddle Dutch: seven\nDutch: zeven\nAfrikaans: sewe\nLimburgish: zeve\nWest Flemish: zēvne\nOld High German: sibun\nMiddle High German: siben, siven, seben, suben, söben\nAlemannic German: sibe, sibä, siebë, siibe\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: zibane, sibane\nMòcheno: sim\nCentral Franconian: sibbe, sivve\nHunsrik: sieve\nLuxembourgish: siwen\nEast Central German:\nVilamovian: zejwa\nEast Franconian:\nGerman: sieben\nRhine Franconian: siewe, siwwe\nPennsylvania German: siwwe\nYiddish: זיבן (zibn)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *sebun\nOld English: seofon, siofun, seofun\nMiddle English: seven, ceven, seofen, seoven, sevene, sevyn, sewyn; zeven, zeve\nEnglish: seven\nMiddle Scots: sevin, sewin\nScots: seiven, seeven\nYola: zeven\nOld Frisian: sigun, siugun, sogen, soven, saven, savn\nNorth Frisian: soowen\nSaterland Frisian: sogen\nWest Frisian: sân\nOld Saxon: sivun\nMiddle Low German: sēven\nLow German: sæwen, sæben, seben, seven\nGerman Low German: sëwe, sëwen, sæwen, sæben, söven\nDutch Low Saxon: söben, söven, seben, seven\nPlautdietsch: säwen\nOld Dutch: sivon\nMiddle Dutch: seven\nDutch: zeven\nAfrikaans: sewe\nLimburgish: zeve\nWest Flemish: zēvne\nOld High German: sibun\nMiddle High German: siben, siven, seben, suben, söben\nAlemannic German: sibe, sibä, siebë, siibe\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: zibane, sibane\nMòcheno: sim\nCentral Franconian: sibbe, sivve\nHunsrik: sieve\nLuxembourgish: siwen\nEast Central German:\nVilamovian: zejwa\nEast Franconian:\nGerman: sieben\nRhine Franconian: siewe, siwwe\nPennsylvania German: siwwe\nYiddish: זיבן (zibn)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "sjau"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: sjau",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "*seaβu"
          },
          "expansion": "*seaβu",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "*seaβun"
          },
          "expansion": "*seaβun",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: sjau (< *seaβu < *seaβun)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "sjö"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: sjö",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: sjö"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "sjey"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: sjey",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: sjey"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nrn",
            "2": "sju"
          },
          "expansion": "Norn: sju",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norn: sju"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "-"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "sju"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: sju",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: sju"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nn",
            "2": "sju"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Nynorsk: sju",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Nynorsk: sju"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "siu",
            "3": "syū",
            "alt": "siū"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: siū, syū",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: siū, syū"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "sju"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: sju",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: sju"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-oda",
            "2": "siu"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Danish: siu",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Danish: siu"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "syv"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: syv",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: syv"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "syv",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Norwegian Bokmål: syv",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Norwegian Bokmål: syv"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ovd",
            "2": "sju"
          },
          "expansion": "Elfdalian: sju",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Elfdalian: sju"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-gut",
            "2": "sjau",
            "3": "sjavv"
          },
          "expansion": "Gutnish: sjau, sjavv",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gutnish: sjau, sjavv"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐍃𐌹𐌱𐌿𐌽"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐍃𐌹𐌱𐌿𐌽 (sibun)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐍃𐌹𐌱𐌿𐌽 (sibun)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*sebunt"
      },
      "expansion": "*sebunt",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*sepḿ̥t"
      },
      "expansion": "*sepḿ̥t",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*septḿ̥"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*newun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "nine"
      },
      "expansion": "*newun (“nine”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*tehun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "ten"
      },
      "expansion": "*tehun (“ten”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From earlier *sebunt, from Pre-Germanic *sepḿ̥t, a metathetic alteration of Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥, with -t positioned through influence of *newun (“nine”) and *tehun (“ten”).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/sebun",
  "pos": "num",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic cardinal numbers",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic numerals",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "seven"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "seven",
          "seven"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈse.βun/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "sebun"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.