"newun" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See newun in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Numeral

IPA: /ˈne.wun/
Etymology: From earlier *newunt, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁néwn̥, with -t added through influence of *tehun (“ten”). Etymology templates: {{m|gem-pro||*newunt}} *newunt, {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*h₁néwn̥}} Proto-Indo-European *h₁néwn̥, {{m|gem-pro|*tehun||ten}} *tehun (“ten”)
  1. nine Tags: reconstruction Categories (topical): Proto-Germanic cardinal numbers Synonyms: negun (alt: Ingvaeonic and Istvaeonic)
    Sense id: newun-gem-pro-num-7c2OcBot

Download JSON data for newun meaning in Proto-Germanic (4.0kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*neun"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *neun\nOld English: nigon, nigen, nigan, niogen, nygon\nMiddle English: nyne, nine, nin, niȝen, neghen, neyen, nyen, niwon, niȝhenn\nEnglish: nine\nScots: nine, neen\nYola: neen\nOld Frisian: niugun, nigun, niogen\nNorth Frisian:\nFöhr-Amrum: njüügen\nHelgoland: neägen\nMooring and Wiedingharde: nüügen\nSylt: niigen\nSaterland Frisian: njuugen, njúgen\nWest Frisian: njoggen\nOld Saxon: nigun\nMiddle Low German: negen\nGerman Low German: negen\nPlautdietsch: näajen\nOld Dutch: nigun\nMiddle Dutch: nēgen\nDutch: negen\nAfrikaans: nege\nBerbice Creole Dutch: negn\nJersey Dutch: nêxe\nNegerhollands: negen, neegen, negon\nSkepi Creole Dutch: negen\n→ Aukan: neigin\n→ Sranan Tongo: neigi\n→ Saramaccan: neígi, neni\nLimburgish: nege\nZealandic: negen\nOld High German: niun\nMiddle High German: niun\nAlemannic German: nüün, nin, nine\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: nòine, noüne\nMòcheno: nai'n\nGerman: neun\nLuxembourgish: néng\nYiddish: נײַן (nayn)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *neun\nOld English: nigon, nigen, nigan, niogen, nygon\nMiddle English: nyne, nine, nin, niȝen, neghen, neyen, nyen, niwon, niȝhenn\nEnglish: nine\nScots: nine, neen\nYola: neen\nOld Frisian: niugun, nigun, niogen\nNorth Frisian:\nFöhr-Amrum: njüügen\nHelgoland: neägen\nMooring and Wiedingharde: nüügen\nSylt: niigen\nSaterland Frisian: njuugen, njúgen\nWest Frisian: njoggen\nOld Saxon: nigun\nMiddle Low German: negen\nGerman Low German: negen\nPlautdietsch: näajen\nOld Dutch: nigun\nMiddle Dutch: nēgen\nDutch: negen\nAfrikaans: nege\nBerbice Creole Dutch: negn\nJersey Dutch: nêxe\nNegerhollands: negen, neegen, negon\nSkepi Creole Dutch: negen\n→ Aukan: neigin\n→ Sranan Tongo: neigi\n→ Saramaccan: neígi, neni\nLimburgish: nege\nZealandic: negen\nOld High German: niun\nMiddle High German: niun\nAlemannic German: nüün, nin, nine\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: nòine, noüne\nMòcheno: nai'n\nGerman: neun\nLuxembourgish: néng\nYiddish: נײַן (nayn)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-pro",
            "2": "ᚾᛁᚢ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Norse: ᚾᛁᚢ (niu)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Norse: ᚾᛁᚢ (niu)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "níu"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: níu, nío\nIcelandic: níu\nFaroese: níggju\nNorn: ni\nNorwegian Nynorsk: ni, nio, nie; (dialectal) niu\nElfdalian: niu\nOld Swedish: nīo\nSwedish: nio\nDanish: ni\nNorwegian Bokmål: ni\nGutnish: nei, neie, näiu, neiå",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: níu, nío\nIcelandic: níu\nFaroese: níggju\nNorn: ni\nNorwegian Nynorsk: ni, nio, nie; (dialectal) niu\nElfdalian: niu\nOld Swedish: nīo\nSwedish: nio\nDanish: ni\nNorwegian Bokmål: ni\nGutnish: nei, neie, näiu, neiå"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌽𐌹𐌿𐌽"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌽𐌹𐌿𐌽 (niun)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌽𐌹𐌿𐌽 (niun)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*newunt"
      },
      "expansion": "*newunt",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁néwn̥"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁néwn̥",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*tehun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "ten"
      },
      "expansion": "*tehun (“ten”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From earlier *newunt, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁néwn̥, with -t added through influence of *tehun (“ten”).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/newun",
  "pos": "num",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic cardinal numbers",
          "parents": [
            "Cardinal numbers",
            "Numbers",
            "All topics",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "nine"
      ],
      "id": "newun-gem-pro-num-7c2OcBot",
      "links": [
        [
          "nine",
          "nine"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "alt": "Ingvaeonic and Istvaeonic",
          "word": "negun"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈne.wun/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "newun"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*neun"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *neun\nOld English: nigon, nigen, nigan, niogen, nygon\nMiddle English: nyne, nine, nin, niȝen, neghen, neyen, nyen, niwon, niȝhenn\nEnglish: nine\nScots: nine, neen\nYola: neen\nOld Frisian: niugun, nigun, niogen\nNorth Frisian:\nFöhr-Amrum: njüügen\nHelgoland: neägen\nMooring and Wiedingharde: nüügen\nSylt: niigen\nSaterland Frisian: njuugen, njúgen\nWest Frisian: njoggen\nOld Saxon: nigun\nMiddle Low German: negen\nGerman Low German: negen\nPlautdietsch: näajen\nOld Dutch: nigun\nMiddle Dutch: nēgen\nDutch: negen\nAfrikaans: nege\nBerbice Creole Dutch: negn\nJersey Dutch: nêxe\nNegerhollands: negen, neegen, negon\nSkepi Creole Dutch: negen\n→ Aukan: neigin\n→ Sranan Tongo: neigi\n→ Saramaccan: neígi, neni\nLimburgish: nege\nZealandic: negen\nOld High German: niun\nMiddle High German: niun\nAlemannic German: nüün, nin, nine\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: nòine, noüne\nMòcheno: nai'n\nGerman: neun\nLuxembourgish: néng\nYiddish: נײַן (nayn)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *neun\nOld English: nigon, nigen, nigan, niogen, nygon\nMiddle English: nyne, nine, nin, niȝen, neghen, neyen, nyen, niwon, niȝhenn\nEnglish: nine\nScots: nine, neen\nYola: neen\nOld Frisian: niugun, nigun, niogen\nNorth Frisian:\nFöhr-Amrum: njüügen\nHelgoland: neägen\nMooring and Wiedingharde: nüügen\nSylt: niigen\nSaterland Frisian: njuugen, njúgen\nWest Frisian: njoggen\nOld Saxon: nigun\nMiddle Low German: negen\nGerman Low German: negen\nPlautdietsch: näajen\nOld Dutch: nigun\nMiddle Dutch: nēgen\nDutch: negen\nAfrikaans: nege\nBerbice Creole Dutch: negn\nJersey Dutch: nêxe\nNegerhollands: negen, neegen, negon\nSkepi Creole Dutch: negen\n→ Aukan: neigin\n→ Sranan Tongo: neigi\n→ Saramaccan: neígi, neni\nLimburgish: nege\nZealandic: negen\nOld High German: niun\nMiddle High German: niun\nAlemannic German: nüün, nin, nine\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: nòine, noüne\nMòcheno: nai'n\nGerman: neun\nLuxembourgish: néng\nYiddish: נײַן (nayn)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-pro",
            "2": "ᚾᛁᚢ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Norse: ᚾᛁᚢ (niu)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Norse: ᚾᛁᚢ (niu)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "níu"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: níu, nío\nIcelandic: níu\nFaroese: níggju\nNorn: ni\nNorwegian Nynorsk: ni, nio, nie; (dialectal) niu\nElfdalian: niu\nOld Swedish: nīo\nSwedish: nio\nDanish: ni\nNorwegian Bokmål: ni\nGutnish: nei, neie, näiu, neiå",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: níu, nío\nIcelandic: níu\nFaroese: níggju\nNorn: ni\nNorwegian Nynorsk: ni, nio, nie; (dialectal) niu\nElfdalian: niu\nOld Swedish: nīo\nSwedish: nio\nDanish: ni\nNorwegian Bokmål: ni\nGutnish: nei, neie, näiu, neiå"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌽𐌹𐌿𐌽"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌽𐌹𐌿𐌽 (niun)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌽𐌹𐌿𐌽 (niun)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "",
        "3": "*newunt"
      },
      "expansion": "*newunt",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁néwn̥"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁néwn̥",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*tehun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "ten"
      },
      "expansion": "*tehun (“ten”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From earlier *newunt, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁néwn̥, with -t added through influence of *tehun (“ten”).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/newun",
  "pos": "num",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic cardinal numbers",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic numerals",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "nine"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "nine",
          "nine"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈne.wun/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "alt": "Ingvaeonic and Istvaeonic",
      "word": "negun"
    }
  ],
  "word": "newun"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.