"nehw" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See nehw in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Conjunction

IPA: /ˈnexʷ/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *nekʷe. Equivalent to *ne + *-hw. Cognate with Latin neque (“nor”), Proto-Celtic *nekʷe. Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*nekʷe}} Proto-Indo-European *nekʷe, {{suffix|gem-pro|*ne|*hw}} *ne + *-hw, {{cog|la|neque||nor}} Latin neque (“nor”), {{cog|cel-pro|*nekʷe}} Proto-Celtic *nekʷe
  1. nor, and not Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: nehw-gem-pro-conj-YHAdkLeE

Download JSON data for nehw meaning in Proto-Germanic (6.1kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*nehw",
            "3": "*nehu",
            "4": "*neh"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *nehw, *nehu, *neh",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *nehw, *nehu, *neh"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*nehwain",
            "3": "*nehain",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Proto-West Germanic: *nehwain, *nehain",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Proto-West Germanic: *nehwain, *nehain"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "nihēn",
            "3": "niēn",
            "4": "nigēn"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: nihēn, niēn, nigēn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: nihēn, niēn, nigēn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "nechên",
            "3": "gên",
            "4": "kein"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: nechên, gên, kein",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: nechên, gên, kein"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "geen",
            "3": "gien",
            "4": "keen",
            "5": "kien"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: geen, gien, keen, kien",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: geen, gien, keen, kien"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "nehein",
            "3": "ghein",
            "4": "chein"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: nehein, ghein, chein",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: nehein, ghein, chein"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "negeen",
            "3": "gein"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: negeen, gein",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: negeen, gein"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "geen"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: geen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: geen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "gjin",
            "bor": "1",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→? West Frisian: gjin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→? West Frisian: gjin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "nehein",
            "3": "nihein"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: nehein, nihein",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: nehein, nihein"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "nehein",
            "3": "nihein",
            "4": "nechein",
            "5": "nichein"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: nehein, nihein, nechein, nichein",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: nehein, nihein, nechein, nichein"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "kein",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Middle High German: kein",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "nechein"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German nechein",
          "name": "m+"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "dechein"
          },
          "expansion": "dechein",
          "name": "m"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "merger of Middle High German <i class=\"Latn mention\" lang=\"gmh\">nechein</i> and <i class=\"Latn mention\" lang=\"gmh\">dechein</i>"
          },
          "expansion": "(merger of Middle High German nechein and dechein)",
          "name": "gl"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Middle High German: kein (merger of Middle High German nechein and dechein)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 6,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "kein"
          },
          "expansion": "German: kein",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: kein"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*nehwan",
            "der": "1",
            "pos": "conjunction"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Proto-West Germanic: *nehwan (conjunction)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Proto-West Germanic: *nehwan (conjunction)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "nefne",
            "3": "nemne",
            "4": "nymne",
            "5": "nemþe",
            "6": "nymþe",
            "7": "nimþe",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": ">? Old English: nefne, nemne, nymne, nemþe, nymþe, nimþe",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": ">? Old English: nefne, nemne, nymne, nemþe, nymþe, nimþe"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "newan",
            "3": "niwan",
            "4": "nowan",
            "5": "newa",
            "6": "neva",
            "7": "nevo",
            "8": "nevu"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: newan, niwan, nowan, newa, neva, nevo, nevu",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: newan, niwan, nowan, newa, neva, nevo, nevu"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "mēven",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Middle Low German: mēven",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Middle Low German: mēven"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "novan",
            "3": "navo",
            "4": "nova"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: novan, navo, nova",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: novan, navo, nova"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "novanthoh",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Old Dutch: novanthoh",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Old Dutch: novanthoh"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "niwan"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: niwan",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: niwan"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "niwen",
            "3": "niuwen",
            "4": "niewen"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: niwen, niuwen, niewen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: niwen, niuwen, niewen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "né"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: né",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: né"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "né"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: né",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: né"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌽𐌹𐌷"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌽𐌹𐌷 (nih)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌽𐌹𐌷 (nih)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*nekʷe"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *nekʷe",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*ne",
        "3": "*hw"
      },
      "expansion": "*ne + *-hw",
      "name": "suffix"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "neque",
        "3": "",
        "4": "nor"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin neque (“nor”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cel-pro",
        "2": "*nekʷe"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *nekʷe",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *nekʷe. Equivalent to *ne + *-hw. Cognate with Latin neque (“nor”), Proto-Celtic *nekʷe.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/nehw",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "nor, and not"
      ],
      "id": "nehw-gem-pro-conj-YHAdkLeE",
      "links": [
        [
          "nor",
          "nor"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈnexʷ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "nehw"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*nehw",
            "3": "*nehu",
            "4": "*neh"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *nehw, *nehu, *neh",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *nehw, *nehu, *neh"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*nehwain",
            "3": "*nehain",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Proto-West Germanic: *nehwain, *nehain",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Proto-West Germanic: *nehwain, *nehain"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "nihēn",
            "3": "niēn",
            "4": "nigēn"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: nihēn, niēn, nigēn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: nihēn, niēn, nigēn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "nechên",
            "3": "gên",
            "4": "kein"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: nechên, gên, kein",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: nechên, gên, kein"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds-de",
            "2": "geen",
            "3": "gien",
            "4": "keen",
            "5": "kien"
          },
          "expansion": "German Low German: geen, gien, keen, kien",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German Low German: geen, gien, keen, kien"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "nehein",
            "3": "ghein",
            "4": "chein"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: nehein, ghein, chein",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: nehein, ghein, chein"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "negeen",
            "3": "gein"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: negeen, gein",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: negeen, gein"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "geen"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: geen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: geen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "gjin",
            "bor": "1",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→? West Frisian: gjin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→? West Frisian: gjin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "nehein",
            "3": "nihein"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: nehein, nihein",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: nehein, nihein"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "nehein",
            "3": "nihein",
            "4": "nechein",
            "5": "nichein"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: nehein, nihein, nechein, nichein",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: nehein, nihein, nechein, nichein"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "kein",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Middle High German: kein",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "nechein"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German nechein",
          "name": "m+"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "dechein"
          },
          "expansion": "dechein",
          "name": "m"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "merger of Middle High German <i class=\"Latn mention\" lang=\"gmh\">nechein</i> and <i class=\"Latn mention\" lang=\"gmh\">dechein</i>"
          },
          "expansion": "(merger of Middle High German nechein and dechein)",
          "name": "gl"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Middle High German: kein (merger of Middle High German nechein and dechein)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 6,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "kein"
          },
          "expansion": "German: kein",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: kein"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*nehwan",
            "der": "1",
            "pos": "conjunction"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Proto-West Germanic: *nehwan (conjunction)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Proto-West Germanic: *nehwan (conjunction)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "nefne",
            "3": "nemne",
            "4": "nymne",
            "5": "nemþe",
            "6": "nymþe",
            "7": "nimþe",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": ">? Old English: nefne, nemne, nymne, nemþe, nymþe, nimþe",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": ">? Old English: nefne, nemne, nymne, nemþe, nymþe, nimþe"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "newan",
            "3": "niwan",
            "4": "nowan",
            "5": "newa",
            "6": "neva",
            "7": "nevo",
            "8": "nevu"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: newan, niwan, nowan, newa, neva, nevo, nevu",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: newan, niwan, nowan, newa, neva, nevo, nevu"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "mēven",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Middle Low German: mēven",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Middle Low German: mēven"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "novan",
            "3": "navo",
            "4": "nova"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: novan, navo, nova",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: novan, navo, nova"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "novanthoh",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Old Dutch: novanthoh",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Old Dutch: novanthoh"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "niwan"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: niwan",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: niwan"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "niwen",
            "3": "niuwen",
            "4": "niewen"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: niwen, niuwen, niewen",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: niwen, niuwen, niewen"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "né"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: né",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: né"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "né"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: né",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: né"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌽𐌹𐌷"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌽𐌹𐌷 (nih)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌽𐌹𐌷 (nih)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*nekʷe"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *nekʷe",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*ne",
        "3": "*hw"
      },
      "expansion": "*ne + *-hw",
      "name": "suffix"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "neque",
        "3": "",
        "4": "nor"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin neque (“nor”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cel-pro",
        "2": "*nekʷe"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *nekʷe",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *nekʷe. Equivalent to *ne + *-hw. Cognate with Latin neque (“nor”), Proto-Celtic *nekʷe.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/nehw",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic conjunctions",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "nor, and not"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "nor",
          "nor"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈnexʷ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "nehw"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.