"midi" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See midi in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Preposition

IPA: /ˈmi.ði/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *meth₂, from *me (“with”). Cognate with Ancient Greek μετά (metá, “among, between, with”), Sanskrit स्मत् (smat, “together, at the same time”). Etymology templates: {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*meth₂}} Proto-Indo-European *meth₂, {{m|ine-pro|*me||with}} *me (“with”), {{cog|grc|μετά||among, between, with}} Ancient Greek μετά (metá, “among, between, with”), {{cog|sa|स्मत्||together, at the same time}} Sanskrit स्मत् (smat, “together, at the same time”)
  1. with, by, through [+instrumental] Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: midi-gem-pro-prep-IbiCIURn Categories (other): Proto-Germanic prepositions Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic prepositions: 61 39
  2. along, together Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: midi-gem-pro-prep-bMfLp2KG

Download JSON data for midi meaning in Proto-Germanic (3.2kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*midi",
            "id": "with"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *midi\nOld English: mid, miþ, mit\nMiddle English: mid\nEnglish: mid\nOld Frisian: mith, mit, mei, mithi, mithe, methe\nNorth Frisian: mits\nSaterland Frisian: mäd\nWest Frisian: mei\nOld Saxon: mid, midi, mit, met\nMiddle Low German: mēde, mid\nLow German: mit, met\nOld Dutch: mit, bit\nMiddle Dutch: met\nDutch: met\nLimburgish: mit\nOld High German: mit, miti\nMiddle High German: mite, mit\nBavarian: mit\nCimbrian: met\nGerman: mit\nHunsrik: mit\nLuxembourgish: mat\nVilamovian: myt\nYiddish: מיט (mit)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *midi\nOld English: mid, miþ, mit\nMiddle English: mid\nEnglish: mid\nOld Frisian: mith, mit, mei, mithi, mithe, methe\nNorth Frisian: mits\nSaterland Frisian: mäd\nWest Frisian: mei\nOld Saxon: mid, midi, mit, met\nMiddle Low German: mēde, mid\nLow German: mit, met\nOld Dutch: mit, bit\nMiddle Dutch: met\nDutch: met\nLimburgish: mit\nOld High German: mit, miti\nMiddle High German: mite, mit\nBavarian: mit\nCimbrian: met\nGerman: mit\nHunsrik: mit\nLuxembourgish: mat\nVilamovian: myt\nYiddish: מיט (mit)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "með"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: með\nIcelandic: með\nFaroese: með\nNorwegian Bokmål: med\nOld Swedish: mæþ, mz\nSwedish: med\nDanish: med",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: með\nIcelandic: með\nFaroese: með\nNorwegian Bokmål: med\nOld Swedish: mæþ, mz\nSwedish: med\nDanish: med"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌼𐌹𐌸"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌼𐌹𐌸 (miþ)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌼𐌹𐌸 (miþ)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*meth₂"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *meth₂",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*me",
        "3": "",
        "4": "with"
      },
      "expansion": "*me (“with”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "μετά",
        "3": "",
        "4": "among, between, with"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek μετά (metá, “among, between, with”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "स्मत्",
        "3": "",
        "4": "together, at the same time"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit स्मत् (smat, “together, at the same time”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *meth₂, from *me (“with”). Cognate with Ancient Greek μετά (metá, “among, between, with”), Sanskrit स्मत् (smat, “together, at the same time”).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/midi",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "61 39",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "with, by, through [+instrumental]",
        "with, by, through"
      ],
      "id": "midi-gem-pro-prep-IbiCIURn",
      "links": [
        [
          "with",
          "with"
        ],
        [
          "by",
          "by"
        ],
        [
          "through",
          "through"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "with, by, through [+instrumental]"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "along, together"
      ],
      "id": "midi-gem-pro-prep-bMfLp2KG",
      "links": [
        [
          "along",
          "along"
        ],
        [
          "together",
          "together"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈmi.ði/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "midi"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*midi",
            "id": "with"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *midi\nOld English: mid, miþ, mit\nMiddle English: mid\nEnglish: mid\nOld Frisian: mith, mit, mei, mithi, mithe, methe\nNorth Frisian: mits\nSaterland Frisian: mäd\nWest Frisian: mei\nOld Saxon: mid, midi, mit, met\nMiddle Low German: mēde, mid\nLow German: mit, met\nOld Dutch: mit, bit\nMiddle Dutch: met\nDutch: met\nLimburgish: mit\nOld High German: mit, miti\nMiddle High German: mite, mit\nBavarian: mit\nCimbrian: met\nGerman: mit\nHunsrik: mit\nLuxembourgish: mat\nVilamovian: myt\nYiddish: מיט (mit)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *midi\nOld English: mid, miþ, mit\nMiddle English: mid\nEnglish: mid\nOld Frisian: mith, mit, mei, mithi, mithe, methe\nNorth Frisian: mits\nSaterland Frisian: mäd\nWest Frisian: mei\nOld Saxon: mid, midi, mit, met\nMiddle Low German: mēde, mid\nLow German: mit, met\nOld Dutch: mit, bit\nMiddle Dutch: met\nDutch: met\nLimburgish: mit\nOld High German: mit, miti\nMiddle High German: mite, mit\nBavarian: mit\nCimbrian: met\nGerman: mit\nHunsrik: mit\nLuxembourgish: mat\nVilamovian: myt\nYiddish: מיט (mit)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "með"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: með\nIcelandic: með\nFaroese: með\nNorwegian Bokmål: med\nOld Swedish: mæþ, mz\nSwedish: med\nDanish: med",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: með\nIcelandic: með\nFaroese: með\nNorwegian Bokmål: med\nOld Swedish: mæþ, mz\nSwedish: med\nDanish: med"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌼𐌹𐌸"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌼𐌹𐌸 (miþ)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌼𐌹𐌸 (miþ)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*meth₂"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *meth₂",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*me",
        "3": "",
        "4": "with"
      },
      "expansion": "*me (“with”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "μετά",
        "3": "",
        "4": "among, between, with"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek μετά (metá, “among, between, with”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "स्मत्",
        "3": "",
        "4": "together, at the same time"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit स्मत् (smat, “together, at the same time”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *meth₂, from *me (“with”). Cognate with Ancient Greek μετά (metá, “among, between, with”), Sanskrit स्मत् (smat, “together, at the same time”).",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/midi",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "with, by, through [+instrumental]",
        "with, by, through"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "with",
          "with"
        ],
        [
          "by",
          "by"
        ],
        [
          "through",
          "through"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "with, by, through [+instrumental]"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "along, together"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "along",
          "along"
        ],
        [
          "together",
          "together"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈmi.ði/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "midi"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.